(Question 1 should be atleast 200 words. I will upload the reading for all question in additional files )
Question 1: What were some of the ways that you understand life to be different in Jesus’ time/location than ours today? In what ways do you think that life was similar? (HINT: Consider politics, economics, social structures, religious influences, and maybe the dreams and goals that people might have had then and we might have now)
Why is it important to know the context of the Scriptures we are reading/interpreting?
Question 2: Give a brief description in your own words from the reading for each of these terms:
Religious hunger (pg. 22)-
Question 3:Stott asserts that the phrase ‘Christian counter-culture’ best captures the heart of the message of the Sermon on the Mount.
What does he mean by ‘Christian counter-culture’?
From whom, specifically, are Christians supposed to be different? Include both followers of Jesus in his own day and Christians of today in your answer.
Considering the readings for the first two weeks, what information have you gained about
A). biblical interpretation, and
B). Jesus, his followers, and the world they lived in, that you might want to keep in mind as you begin reading the Sermon itself in week 3?
Germanic warrior culture supplanted the Romans as the prevailing power in Western Europe starting in the fifth century AD. They dismissed simply all roman conventions and traditions, overriding them with their own convictions. The entire realm was demolished by individuals, who above all commended war, masculinity, and poise. Social idiosyncrasies of those individuals are broadly reflected in the obsolete epos of Anglo-Saxons, composed by an obscure writer around 700AD. Beowulf is an astounding solidarity of intentions, subjects, perspectives on different ages converged in one fundamental perfect work of art. We could discover the components of various epic types: funeral poems, other chivalrous stories (tune about Sigmund), religious epos (tune about the making of the world). The perspectives on innate society are joined with primitive morals; courageous picture of a warrior is joined with the picture of shrewd and reasonable ruler. The move of the ballad makes place before the incredible relocation of Germanic clans some place around 500AD. The relative of celebrated antiquated ruler Shield Sheafson lord Hrothgar of Danemark experiences the assault of an amazing and loathsome evil presence named Grendel. For a long time he has been killing respectable and daring men in Heorot, an incredible mead-corridor of Hrothgar, threatening Danes consistently, allowing them to battle back. "Long was the time: Twelve winters' time enduring persevered through The companion of the Scyldings, every single one of troubles, Of distresses outrageous" (Beowulf, 146-149) Eventually, help originates from Geatish warrior Beowulf, who sails to the place where there is Danes with an organization of committed men. His assistance is readily acknowledged by Hrodgar and they cheerfully celebrate till the night. In the night Beowulf battles Grendel unarmed and detaches his arm. Grendel crawls back to his marsh and passes on there. His repulsive mother needs to vindicate yet she is a lot more fragile and murders just limited, who is the most deferential in Hrothgar's kingdom. Beowulf volunteers to slaughter Grendel's mom. "Emerge, kingdom's watchman! Let us rapidly go to see the track of Grendel's kinsman."(Beowulf 1390-91).He battles her in profound waters and in her refuge. He murders her with a unique sword, made not for common people, discovers Grendel and takes his head off. When he returns, he is applauded by everybody, given a great deal of fortunes and notoriety. A while later he comes back to his territory and gives every one of his fortunes to his ruler. Beowulf turns into the co-ruler and after the passing of lord, he turns into the ruler for a long time. A horrendous monster assaults his property, since one of his men burglarized the treasury monitored by that winged serpent. Beowulf battles the mythical beast, executes him however gets mortally injured. The winged serpent's treasury is scorched together with Beowulf's body. The period of wars goes to the land, when Beowulf can't join the general population any longer with his quality and astuteness. Beowulf is a treasury of recorded data. It exhibits the significant social qualities of medieval warrior society; portray their convictions, ways of life, relations with different countries, and so forth. Just supreme control of men in every one of the circles of life was a trademark highlight of early medieval occasions. Ladies characters are referenced just a few times as spouses or little girls of rulers. Indeed, even solid and amazing ruler Modthrytho, girl of Herod obeys to her dad's direction to wed King Offa. She tormented and slaughtered individuals who she envisioned were irritating her. "Such isn't queenly custom For a lady to rehearse, however she be unmatched, That a harmony weaver of life ought to deny, because of furious indignation, any dear man"(Beowulf, 1940-43). After marriage her character improved. That is the reason all the material and otherworldly estimations of the medieval society speak to men sees upon the truth. Each man was a warrior. A decent warrior ought to be solid, effective, regarded, rich and fortunate. The portrayal of ruler Shield Shiefson is only and perfect picture of man's life. Being a newborn child he ascended under the sky and turned out to be genuine warrior and lord. He had OK life, better than average passing and his treasury was vast."The baron caused dread since first he was discovered along these lines miserable: picked up he comfort for that, became under the mists, in distinctions throve, until every single one of those home around over the whale-street, him ought to comply, should tribute pay: that was a decent lord" (Beowulf, 6-11). Ruler dependably ought to be regarded and regarded. The possibility of extreme faithfulness is exceptionally solid in the hearts of medieval individuals. The longing to be adulated by chieftain, ruler or lord is exceptionally solid, on the grounds that for the general public of warriors lord is the most grounded, savvies, most dominant and regarded man. He liberally offers flourishing to prominent warriors and judge inflexibly disreputable men. Beowulf returns home and gives simply the entirety of his fortunes to his lord. "To Hygelac was,in fight fearless, his nephew dedicated. Furthermore, each to the next aware of generosity" (Beowulf 2169-71). The pioneer gives every single vital thing. Family have their very own property, land and cash. All that is given for good military administration. Warriors feast in enormous lobbies, where they acclaim their ruler, theirselves, their accomplishments and well known fights and plan future war crusades. "in time it happened to Quickly with men, that it was all prepared, The best of corridors: Heort as name gave he it"(Beowulf 76-78) "the warriors were living in delights Happily at that point" (Beowulf, 99-100). Beowulf is a picture of perfect saint, whose deeds are respected and commended. He has all highlights that are esteemed in medieval warrior society – quality, boldness, astuteness, faithfulness, pioneer and military aptitudes, nobility, benevolence and commitment. He regards his confidants and treat them as equivalents, he is reasonable and enthusiastic. "don't thou decline me, safeguard of warriors, Dear companion of the general population, presently so far am I come,- That I may alone and my band of barons, This organization bold, Heorot wash down. (Beowulf 429-32) This conspicuousness is leaded by internal characteristics, the quality and magnificence of the spirit prompts noticeable deeds. "At that point the main me by thine possess life Adjured, dismal as a top priority, that I in the ocean's flood Should do valiant deeds, should chance my life, Should respect gain; he guaranteed compensate" (Beowulf, 2131-2134). On the off chance that an individual isn't dynamic, effective or decided, he probably won't be regarded. "Long he was disdained, As him the Geats' kids did not figure great, 2185Nor him at the mead-seat as deserving of much"(Beowulf, 2183-86) One can be considered as a fortunate and effective individual, yet this karma and achievement if dependably come to by diligent work and inward desire. Religion additionally assumes a significant job in medieval society. In "Beowulf" a certain converge of religions is exhibited. From one hand, there are sure agnostic convictions of German clans. From the other hand – Christianity, that is uncovered for instance in the portrayal of Grendel, who is named Cain's child. "Upon Cain's kinfolk that wrongdoing retaliated for The Lord unceasing, for that he slew Abel: Joyed he not in that quarrel, however him a remote place banishedFor that wrongdoing the Creator far from humanity: Thence detestable evil presences all were delivered" (Beowulf, 107-111). Interminably vicious, uneducated and provincial culture of medieval Europe stood out enormously from artistic, politically determined urban culture of Athens. There was the wrong spot for philosophical contemplations or created political interests – Beowulf guarantees that a forceful way to deal with retaliation is the genuine warrior's reaction .and major estimation of warrior culture are genuine romance and reliability. "It is better for every that his companion he retaliate for than that he grieve much" (Beowulf, 1384-85). Another conspicuous distinction is frame of mind to religion. Beowulf and his country acclaim God, he could give endowments and rouse individuals. They should be fearless and act with poise for God to take them in better world. Yet, the main thing that will stay after warrior's passing is his magnificence and this brilliance is battled for the entire life. "Every one of us will the end anticipate of common life: let him who may pick up respect ere passing. That is for a warrior, when he is dead, a short time later best" (Beowulf, 1386-89). The specialists of that period were ignorant versifiers, who sang the sonnets about antiquated saints and epic fights in tremendous and rich lobbies of respectable men and in little and grimy wooden corridors of pioneers of little clans. The entire circumstance of the country was startling – steady battles for terrains, cash and military power, poor social and ailment, low degree of culture , however the thoughts verbally expressed about in those epic stories were motivating for each man. Solidarity to have the option to ensure possess land and family, nobility to carry on a genuine warrior, individual swords and ordnance that shields him from death and assume the job of the most significant warrior's property and trademark. Medieval occasions were bad looking or lovely. In the hard battle for new terrains and opportunity endured an extraordinary number of individuals. The world was crude however this agonizing soul of masculinity endure and fabricated current European culture with its accentuation on close to home freedom and the standard of law.>GET ANSWER