Assess the effect of substance abuse and dependence as it relates to pregnant women. What local support groups-organizations are available in your community? What resources are available to assist patients in getting there? Make sure you are listing local resources. Not just saying what is out there. Also, name your communities, for example, I might mention -Near Kokomo, Indiana I can find…..Name the resource and where how to connect with them.
aspects of the kid which unvalued the importance understanding and culture which brought about underestimating the ability of the youngsters. His is extensively used in some of schools, but I strongly experience that the coaching ought to cover a wider range including the outside factors and the surroundings particularly the social and emotional elements of studying (Isaacs, 1929). alternatively Vygotsky believed that a child’s mastering cannot be separated from its social context. An instance of the significance social context has is Piaget’s’ three mountain test’. Piaget concluded that kids are not able to look things from any other individual’s attitude (Schaffer, 2004, p.174). in the test he used 3 mountains of various sizes and youngsters aged from 4 to twelve years antique. The youngsters sat on one aspect of the mountain and a doll become located on the alternative aspect. The youngsters had been then proven pics of the mountains from different positions and were requested to pick out a photograph the doll can see from her role. Piaget determined that youngsters underneath seven years of age could not see things from any other person’s angle consequently have been selfish (wooden, 1998, p. sixty six). however the appropriateness of the ‘three mountain test’ changed into puzzled. Borke states that youngsters performed poorly due to unfamiliarity and now not motivating sufficient for the kids to finish correctly (Smith et al. 1998). while the experiment turned into repeated with the aid of Hughes (Donaldson, 1987, p.137) the usage of a policeman and a doll. The kids have been asked wherein the doll should cover so the policeman does no longer discover her; he found that nearly 90 high-quality percentage of children aged 5 were correct. He concluded that if the kid is given a acquainted situation he/she will be able to assume objectively. Cognitive systems trade through the following procedures: model, assimilation and accommodation. adaptation is observed in all organic organisms to regulate to the needs of the surroundings, assimilation includes the man or woman to contain new reviews into current schemas and accommodation is in which the man or woman modifies current schemas to suit the brand new stories (Schaffer, 2004, p.one hundred sixty five). This relates to other getting to know theorists in phrases of constructivist views of studying such as Jerome Bruner and Lev Vygotsky. but researchers have found it difficult to degree developmental approaches: assimilation, lodging and equilibration. They found it tough to identify tactics which might be relevant to Piaget’s concept (Meadows 1993, p.19). Piaget claims that his levels are customary irrespective of culture, this has also been wondered as some of studies display that kids are able to attain degrees in advance that Piaget has stated (Bower, 1974). A 3 month antique child became proven a toy that was included by way of a display, whilst the screen was moved the toy had vanished and in another situation the toy changed into still there. The babies coronary heart fee changed into measured both whilst the toy became there and when the toy disappeared. The results confirmed that there was greater trade in coronary heart charge while the toy disappeared. The toy changed into changed with specific objects and Bower (1971) found that toddlers show greater ‘surprise’. Schaffer (20>GET ANSWER