Take a closer look at how academic research is conducted in your discipline’s discourse community. In particular, understanding how a
scholarly article in your discipline is constructed will give you a better understanding of how
knowledge is made in that discourse community.
This assignment should have two main parts:
I. A brief (100-150 word) summary of the main idea of the article. (Do not simply base this
summary on the abstract of the article.)
II. An analysis of the article, taking into consideration the following points from the Johns
• How does the article introduce the main topic and argument? What assumptions do the
writers seem to make about the audience?
• How do the authors situate their study in relation to other research that has been done in
their discipline (or in other disciplines)? How do they use their sources?
• What kinds of specialized language does the article use, and how does that language
indicate who the audience of the article is meant to be? (Note that you should also
consider more non-discursive elements, such as tables, graphs, illustrations, etc.)
• How do the authors use metadiscourse to direct readers through the text?
• How do the authors use hedging tactics when presenting arguments or conclusions? What
are the effects of that hedging?
• How are the authors “absent” from the text? How do they use grammar and lexis to
distance themselves from the text? Alternatively, how are the authors “present” in the
text? How do they appear as people with particular lived experiences? How do their
decisions about whether or not to be present in their texts affect your confidence in their
objectivity? (Does objectivity even seem to be a concern for them?)
• What “vision of reality” do the authors present, and how does it represent the
assumptions of the authors’ discourse community? Think about what the article is
implying about what kinds of research questions are asked in your discipline and what
kinds of methods are appropriate for answering those questions—and why. How does the
article represent, in other words, how the authors think like __ (architects,
accountants, biologists, engineers, etc.)? (See Repko’s discussions of disciplinary
perspective and epistemology.) Another way of thinking about this is to ask of the article,
“Why is this considered research?”
Choosing an article to analyze:
Your main source for this assignment will be a research article published in a scholarly journal in
your field. It’s very important that you work with the right kind of article from the right kind of
publication, so follow these steps for choosing your article:
- Review “What is a scholarly (or peer-reviewed) journal?”(from Simon Fraser University)
- Review the research tutorial videos from Northeastern University’s library entitled
“Scholarly vs. Non-Scholarly Sources” and “Is this Article Peer-Reviewed?”
- Use the NU library E-Journal Finder to find a journal from your discipline. If you don’t
know the titles of any scholarly journals in your field, you can try by typing in the name
of your field (for instance, I could try typing in “rhetoric” or “composition,” and someone
in industrial engineering might type in “industrial engineering.”)
- To make sure that the periodical you have chosen is a peer-reviewed (or “refereed”)
journal, use the Ulrich’s Directory. See the instructions for using Ulrich’s Directory here.
- Choose an article published in the last 5 years. Make sure that it is a research article,
and not an editorial, book review, interview, literature review, etc. It helps to find an
article on a topic that interests you, but note that for this assignment, you don’t have to
fully understand or explain the content of the article.
- Find the PDF version of the article, download it, and email it to me for my review and
approval before you begin to summarize and analyze it.
Your paper should follow the format for scholarly articles in your discipline. See the links on
Blackboard for help and/or look at the format of the article you are analyzing.
When you submit the FINAL draft, please also write a reflection letter (500-750 words)
addressing what you’ve gained from writing this assignment. For your reflection, you should
write about the process you went through in writing the article analysis. Consider the following
questions, but do not simply list out answers to the questions—rather, discuss the experience of
writing and revising the project in light of the questions. Don’t be afraid to write about
difficulties and even failures—sometimes we learn more from them than we do from success.
• What were some of the challenges that you faced as you worked on this project? How did
you address those challenges–what did you do? Do you feel that you succeeded in
meeting those challenges? Why or why not?
• About the assignment: This assignment asked you to observe and analyze your own
discipline using the concepts and practices of another discipline (or disciplines)—that of
writing studies and linguistics. How did attempting to use another discipline’s methods
and concepts change your perspective on the making of knowledge and what constitutes
• How did the peer work help you revise your analysis? What about the peer work helped
the most? (For example, getting feedback in writing, discussing your projects with each
other, seeing how partners were addressing the same assignment…) What didn’t help (if
anything) and why?
• Consider your experience with this project in light of the Writing Program Student
Learning Goals. (See the syllabus for the list of the goals.) Which of the goals do you
think this project has addressed? How? (Be specific.) Note: I don’t expect that this project
has enabled you to “master” any of the goals (some of the goals are ones that take years
to master—if ever). But you should consider how you might have made some progress on
some of the goals.
Include this reflection in the same file with the final draft when you submit it. Missing
reflection letters will lower your grade for the assignment.
• Appropriate article chosen for analysis (research article published in a reputable peerreviewed scholarly journal)
• Summary demonstrates careful reading and a clear understanding of the article
• Analysis demonstrates careful reading and an understanding of both the article and Johns’
discussion of academic textual practices
• Demonstrates careful crafting, including formatting, with respect for student’s primary
• Shows effective use of citation conventions appropriate to the discipline (proper use of
quotation marks, references)
• Drafts were turned in on time
• Revisions reflect engagement with peer and instructor feedback and with writer’s own
developing understanding of their project
• Includes engaged self-reflection letter.
This report is expected [NH3]to let perusers realize that pipelines are not [NH4]simply put into the ground and overlooked. It will quickly portray a portion of the strategies and practices that are set up today to guarantee that pipelines are working securely. The media's impact regularly drives a negative discernment about pipelines and this report will give an additional actualities based way to deal with teach the peruser as they reach their own inference on pipeline security. Foundation The most secure and best approach to remove[NH5] our common oil [NH6]resources is by method for pipelines. Pipelines in Alberta have been around since the mid 1900's(CEPA, 2016a). In the course of recent years there has been a ton of contention over pipelines. A major factor driving this contention is the media's techniques in giving data to individuals who are frequently not accomplished on pipelines or their wellbeing frameworks. Actually news sources will frequently utilize emotionalism to connect with their crowd. News tales about oil based commodities getting securely to market or updates on organizations rehearsing their crisis reaction plan drills are not energizing! In any case, an uncommon impression [NH7]at an organization spilling item by method for an oil slick, matched with pictures of covered feathered creatures that is the thing that the media needs to appear. That dread driven the truth is the thing that our general public accepts to be normal. Research for this task included searching for actualities on non-one-sided sites. Preceding going to school, I worked in the oil and gas industry teaching occupants in rustic territories about pipelines, the frameworks set up to ensure the general population and what to do in the improbable occasion of an occurrence. Most of my insight about pipeline security originates from AER Directive 71: Emergency Preparedness and Response Requirements for the Petroleum Industry Control Centers [NH9] Huge midstream pipeline organizations work their very own control focuses (CEPA,2016b). These control focuses are operational day in and day out, 365 days a year (CEPA, 2016b). Control rooms are prepared frameworks that gather data from the pipeline and related offices along the pipeline course. A portion of the information that is checked is temperature, stream rate and weight from sensors along the course (CEPA, 2016b). On the off chance that a hole is distinguished, alerts are activated to show a conceivable issue. Square Valves A square valve is characterized as a mechanical valve gadget introduced in a pipeline that can be shut to hinder the progression of oil or gas through the line (Pipeline Association for Public Awareness, 2013). These valves are put at different lengths along the pipeline course. In the event that there was a hole along an area of pipeline, the square valves at either end of the hole would be shut. This would guarantee just the item between those two square valve focuses discharging from the pipeline. Pipelines that cross streams or brooks are outfitted with square valves at the two sides of the intersection that can close rapidly to stop item stream (CEPA, 2016c). These square valves might be furnished with a crisis shut down (ESD) gadget that can close consequently with a lessening in weight. The end of a square valve by ESD would send a caution back to the control focus. Cathodic Protection At the point when a pipeline is manufactured, laid into the ground, and concealed with soil, erosion can occur over some undefined time frame. Prior to covering the pipeline, a defensive covering is connected to the pipeline. As a back up to the defensive covering, another type of assurance is used called cathodic insurance (Pipeline Association for Public Awareness, 2013). Through recreating an electrolytic activity, extra erosion counteractive action can be accomplished by means of electrochemical procedures (Pipeline Association for Public Awareness, 2013). This shielding guarantees the pipeline does not release underground. [NH10] Crisis Response Plans While control focuses, valves and defensive coatings are exceedingly essential to the pipeline's security frameworks, episodes occur and it's crucial to have an arrangement to address issues before they happen. The Alberta Energy Regulators (AER) Directive 071: Emergency Preparedness and Response Requirements for the Petroleum Industry Section 2.1 manages that "The licensee must have a corporate level ERP with preplanned methods that will help in viable reaction to a crisis." (2017, p. 12). Elevated Surveillance[NH11] A snappy method to lead a visual of a pipeline option to proceed is by utilization of flying machine. Extraordinary separations can be canvassed in a short measure of time. Contingent upon the item in the pipeline and order of pipeline, that will portray how frequently flying observation should occur[NH12]. While directing this watch, the pilot or spotter is searching for any noticeable indications of a conceivable release, for example, a sheen on the water or dead vegetation[NH13]. Spotters likewise search for infringements to the pipeline [NH14]or any action close or on the pipeline option to proceed. Preparing Exercises Organizations working pipelines in Alberta must[NH15] lead yearly preparing activities (Alberta Energy Regulator, 2017). Oil organizations must test its crisis reaction designs every year with a tabletop or correspondences work out (Alberta Energy Regulator, 2017). Like clockwork a noteworthy exercise must be directed. In this activity, assets are normally sent to the field in a false occurrence (Alberta Energy Regulator, 2017). [NH16] Spill Response Cooperative In western Canada, a spill reaction agreeable was built up. The name of this helpful is Western Canadian Spill Services. The agreeable possesses gear that can be conveyed to a spill. The hardware is deliberately set all through western Canada in prepared to go trailers. A portion of the hardware in the trailers incorporates blasts, skimmers, and untamed life hindrances (Western Canadian Spill Services, 2017). Notwithstanding this gear the helpful additionally claims canal boats and airboats (Western Canadian Spill Services, 2017). The spill agreeable holds preparing practices with its individuals to guarantee a snappy reaction to the spill and to stop further natural effects because of a spill. Despite the fact that it isn't obligatory for organizations to join the spill agreeable, the AER exceedingly prescribes it (Western Canadian Spill Services, 2017). On the off chance that an organization needs to quit the helpful, under AER Directive 071, Section 10.3.1., they should give their own spill reaction plan to the AER for their endorsement (Alberta Energy Regulator, 2017). End From my years working in the oil and gas industry, and from my exploration for this venture, I feel pipelines are as yet the most secure approach to move oil based goods. There are roughly 3.4 million barrels [NH17]of oil traveled through pipelines every day in Canada (CEPA,2016d). Between the long stretches of 2002 and 2015, 99.999% of all item (rough and gaseous petrol) was securely shipped through pipelines (CEPA,2016d). With the security conventions that were quickly talked about in this report, the oil and gas industry strives to guarantee that there are no pipeline spills. These practices, combined with the guidelines, guarantee pipeline spills are an uncommon event. [NH19]Canadian Energy Pipeline Association (CEPA). (2016d). About pipelines. Retried from https://www.aboutpipelines.com/en/pipeline-101/pipeline-realities/ Canadian Energy Pipeline Association (CEPA). (2016c). Natural insurance. Recovered from https://www.aboutpipelines.com/en/natural insurance/water/ Canadian Energy Pipeline Association (CEPA). (2016b). Pipeline control rooms and wellbeing. Recovered from https://www.aboutpipelines.com/en/blog/pipeline-control-rooms-and-wellbeing/ Canadian Energy Pipeline Association (CEPA). (2016a). Pipeline history. Recovered from https://www.aboutpipelines.com/en/pipeline-101/pipeline-history/ Administration of Alberta[NH20]. (2015). Pipeline Act; Pipeline Rules. Ruler's Printer. Pipeline Association for Public Awareness. (2013). Glossary of terms. Recovered from http://www.pipelineawareness.org/inhabitants organizations/glossary/ Western Canadian Spill Services. (2017). The WCSS Purpose. Recovered from http://wcss.ab.ca/index.asp [NH1]I changed your textual style to Calibri in light of the fact that I have an individual contempt for Times New Roman â€¦ LOLâ€¦ you can transform it back on the off chance that you need. [NH2]Main headings are focused and striking. [NH3]Too uninvolved, so I transformed it [NH4]Never utilize the word 'just'. Ever. [NH5]Move or expel? MOVE [NH6]Added 'oil' since everything I could consider was goliath ass trees being bolstered into a pipeline for vehicle. [NH7]I mistreated your wordingâ€¦ trust that is alright! I utilized track changes, so simply decay anything you don't care for, or in the event that I confounded it. You're really great SWEETIE [NH8]Can that part be erased? Yes [NH9]Secondary headings are left-change, and striking. [NH10]Yiiiiiikes, what was all that? The remainder of your paper isn't exactly this scientificâ€¦ so it sort of sticks out in contrast to everything else, I tried outlining what those erased sentences were stating. Yet, that is an excessive amount of detail for your paper, I think!! [NH11]You have no references for this sectionâ€¦ PIPELINE ACT [NH12]Pretty explicit to leave without a reference. [NH13]These points of interest need a reference. THIS WAS MY KNOWLEDGE [NH14]Again, reference required. THIS WAS MY KNOWLEDGE [NH15]This sentence shows a commitment, along these lines needs a reference. Is it AER Dir 071? Truly D71 14.10 [NH16]I believe you're inferring that the preparation activities are a necessity of the Dir. 071 so I refered to that. [NH17]Facts need reference. Continuously! https://www.aboutpipelines.com/en/pipeline-101/pipeline-certainties/ [NH18]This dependably goes onto its own page. [NH19]Make sure none of your hyperlinks are dynamic when you present your page. That is a no-no. [NH20]This doesn't appear in your paper anyplace? THE AERIAL SURVEILLANCE>GET ANSWER