How Children Develop

Children of the same age vary greatly in their propensity to help, share with, and comfort others. Thinking about the infants, toddlers, and children in your life (i.e. children of family, friends, neighbors, etc.), have you observed some children who are more likely to show prosocial behavior than others? Give examples of situations that are typical of the children’s responses to others. Speculate about aspects of the children’s environments, what might contribute to these individual differences? Do the children’s sex, cultural backgrounds, cognitive skills, or temperaments appear to be linked to their level of prosocial behavior? If so, how might these factors affect the socialization they have received?

Sample Solution