Definitions of the quality of medical care are no longer left to clinicians who decide for themselves what technical performance constitutes “good care.” What are the other dimensions of quality care and why are they important? What has changed since the days when “doctor knows best?”
Quality in medical care may be defined as achieving the greatest benefit at the lowest risk. How have the priorities of our health care system and the allocation of resources addressed this goal?
Contrast the definitions of implicit and explicit criteria in assessing health care quality. How is each type of criterion useful in the quality assessment?
Recent developments in technology are towards robots that ‘experience’ pain, and use it to adjust their behaviour. Such beings can be rightly said to ‘suffer’, and thus must be worthy of some moral consideration. Furthermore, these developments and this position create an uneasy distinction that must be resolved. Otherwise, a weak AI that possesses an ability to experience pain and that which does not do not seem to invoke equal moral weight. While this may seem common sense between the smart kettle and the sex robot, as we would appear to want the latter to possess some degree of consideration over the former, it becomes more problematic between two cases of a similar type – such as two sex robots, one possessing the capacity for pain and the other not. In this case, the former is worthy of moral consideration, it must be considered capable of some degree of consent and deserving of certain treatment. The latter, however, is not, resurrecting issues concerning objectification. After all, if the end goal of the development of sex robots is as Levy (2010) states, solely to be responsive and receptive to human sexual desires, giving them a degree of respect may well be seen as getting in the way. Instead of provoking trouble, the programmer may well decide to simply bypass the option to install pain sensors, reducing the sex robot once more to an object, and once more raising issues concerning objectification and the degradation of women. Thus, if we accept that to avoid socially negative ethical consequences the weak AI must be afforded some, even if limited, moral consideration, the issue is raised over whether it can be considered properly capable of consenting. This essay has briefly covered a broad number of topics including the objectification of women, the issue of robot intelligence and an appeal to arguments made in favour of animal rights to argue that the issue of consent within robotics, particularly concerning weak AI within the sex trade, needs to be confr>GET ANSWER