1. At the beginning of the Civil War, the federal government played a very limited role in the American economy and in the lives of most Americans. By the eve of World War I, that no longer was true. Identify and discuss what you regard as the principal areas in which the role of the federal government had expanded and the major reasons for that expansion. 2. The period from the late 1870s to World War I could be and has been characterized as a time of “response to industrialism.” Compare and contrast the responses of urban workers, farmers, and middle-class reformers to problems raised by industrialization. Assess the extent to which each group’s response resulted in satisfactory solutions to the problems. 3. How did industrialization and urbanization change the social and cultural mores (way of life) of Americans in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century? Please give specific examples.