CASE STUDY – 10 Points
Assume that you are the Director of Employee Benefits for the Miller Manufacturing Company (MMC) and report to the Senior VP of Human Resources.
MMC was founded in 2000 and manufactures pumps, valves and mechanical switches used throughout the world. MMC holds several patents developed by the founder, Harry Miller, who at age 73, is the Chairman. The day-to-day operation of the business is run by Mr. Miller’s son, who at age 46 has been the CEO for the past 8 years. MMC has been consistently profitable, with a 7-year compound growth rate in earnings per share of 22%. In 2007, the company went public, with 60% of the shares outstanding held mostly by institutional investors. Six percent of the shares are held by the MMC Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP) with 34% still held by the Miller family. MMC has 1600 employees worldwide with all manufacturing done in two plants located in North Carolina (650 employees) and Ohio (400 employees). The corporate offices consist of 150 salaried exempt and non-exempt employees located at the Ohio plant. The corporate group includes the corporate staff and the centralized sales and service function. The balance of the salaried employees (400) consists of sales and service representatives stationed worldwide. MMC has no unions at the present time. The current MMC benefits program is detailed later in this document.
You have just returned from a meeting with the CEO and the Senior VP of Human Resources. You have learned that MMC has been contacted by Olson-Young Enterprises, Inc. (OY), located in Santa Clara, California. OY was founded in 2008 by an electronics engineer who had previously worked for MMC in the mid 2000’s. OY manufactures electronic switches for pumps and valves. MMC does compete with OY, but OY has had problems in recent years with product quality and service. The market for electronic switches is growing at about 30% per year with most of the current market share held by one company in Japan and one company in West Germany. OY is the only US manufacturer and has a 5% market share. OY has 300 employees. All are located in the US. Their sales and service outside of the US is handled by a network of nonemployee, leased manufacturer representatives. OY is closely held, with only 10 shareholders.
Earnings at OY for the five-year period were reported as follows:
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Sales (millions) 14.6 15.3 12.7 11.5 10.4
Earnings (millions) .5 1.1 (1.3) (2.4) .2
OY terminated a defined benefit final average pay pension plan in 2013 with an unfunded liability at the time of termination of $250,000. They have 10 unionized employees in the shipping department of the Santa Clara facility represented by the Teamsters. Details of the OY benefit program are detailed later in the document. Of note, unionized employees are covered by their Teamsters Union health, welfare and flat rate defined benefit pension plan.
Benefits costs for the organizations are varied. For MMC salaried employees, the cost of benefits is $.35 on the $1.00 while for MMC hourly the cost is $.32 on the $1.00. At OY, the officers and salaried program costs $.42 on the $1.00 while the hourly Teamster program costs $.40 on the $1.00.
The CEO of MMC thinks that the acquisition of OY would help to position MMC in the electronic switching business for pumps and valves and that its product line would fit nicely into its existing world-wide sales and service network. OY holds three particularly valuable patents on switch design and has revealed a new switch design concept that had been developed in-house that could revolutionize switch technology and make most current mechanical switches obsolete. Senior MMC leadership is very interested in OY and wants to move quickly to finalize the acquisition.
Your boss has asked you to review the available employee benefits information and report back to him by tomorrow as he is scheduled to be at the OY offices for a meeting the next day.
Male Female Total Male Female Total
Executives 17 3 20 Executives 5 5 10
Professional 130 30 160 Professional 15 5 20
Sales Service 340 60 400 Sales Service 10 15 25
Supervisory 95 15 110 Supervisory 5 30 35
Production 600 210 810 Production 10 170 180
Clerical 4 96 100 Clerical 0 20 20
Unionized 0 0 0 Unionized
9 1 10
Number 1186 414 1600 Number 54 246 300
Percent 74% 26% 100% Percent 18% 82% 100%
Males Females Males Females
Single 8% 12% Single 23% 40%
Married – no children 12% 40% Married – no children 60% 20%
Married – children 79% 40% Married – children 15% 30%
Single parents 1% 8% Single parents 2% 10%
100% 100% 100% 100%
20% married with working spouse 60% married with working spouse
Under 25 5% 10%
25 – 35 10% 60%
36 – 45 35% 15%
46 – 55 30% 10%
Over 55 20% 5%
Under 1 year 5% 18%
1 – 5 years 10% 80%
6 – 10 years 35% 2%
11 – 20 years 30%
21 – 30 years 15%
Over 30 years 5%
Average Service 13 years 3 years
Average Pay $36,000 $42,000
Number Earning Over $200,000 5 3
Number Earning Over $53,000 63 11
Employee Benefits MMC OY
Life Insurance Salaried – Amount equal to 1 times salary to maximum of $1,000,000 (paid by company)
Hourly – $10,000 (paid by company)
Optional term insurance equal to 1 or 2 times salary to a maximum of $1,000,000 (paid by employee) Officers – $100,000
Salaried – $ 25,000
(both paid by company)
Hourly – Teamster benefits
Accidental Death and Dismemberment Salaried and Hourly – Same as life insurance amount for both groups (paid by company) All Officers and salaried employees covered for $100,000 (paid by company)
Hourly – Teamster benefits
Business Travel Accident Salaried and Hourly – 4 times earnings to a maximum of $500,000 (paid by company) None for either group
Short-Term Disability Salaried – Up to 4 weeks at full pay then 60% of pay up to six months (paid by company)
Hourly – 60% of pay up to $650 per week for 26 weeks (paid by company) Salaried and Hourly – 10 sick days per year. Any unused days paid in cash at end of calendar year (paid by company)
Long-Term Disability Salaried – 60% of pay after 6 months of disability to a maximum of $5,000 per month; benefits to age 65 (paid by company).
Hourly – No LTD
MMC Officers covered by individual policies that provide $8,000 per month after 13 weeks of disability; benefits to age 65 (paid by company).
Salaried and Hourly – No LTD
Health Care Insured indemnity plan with Aetna with claims paid by Aetna
Covers Salaried and Hourly employees
Employee Contributions: Employee – none; Dependent – $15.00 per week
One HMO available with 6% of employees participating
Except for HMO’s, no wellness benefits Self-insured PPO with stop loss insurance at $100,000 per employee. Claims paid by third party administrator (UHC)
Covers Officers and Salaried employees. Hourly employees covered by Teamster benefits
Employee Contributions: Employee only – $10 per week Employee and 1 dependent – $20 per week
Employee and 2+ dependents – $30 per week
Four HMOs available with 37% of employees participating
Except for HMO’s, no wellness benefits
Medical Plan – In Hospital Room at 100% of semi-private rate for 120 days; 100% of other hospital charges.
Surgical at 100% of scheduled benefit up to $50,000.
Doctors Visits (in hospital) at $100 per visit
Diagnostic X-rays and Lab at 100% up to $1,500 per year
In Network – All expenses covered at 80% after satisfaction of a $500 deductible per admission.
Out of network – All expenses at 60% after satisfaction of a $1,500 deductible per admission.
Medical Plan – Out of Hospital Deductible at $250 per year per employee or $500 per family
Reimbursement at 80% up to a $5,000 out of pocket
RX coverage is subject to deductible and reimbursed at 80% In network deductible at $250 per year per covered member with reimbursement at 80% to $1,500 out of pocket maximum
Out of network deductible at $500 per year per covered member with reimbursement at 60% to $3,000 out of pocket maximum
RX coverage is tiered program managed by a PBM with in and out of network copays
Hourly – Teamster benefits
Dental Benefits Deductible at $25 per covered member, reimbursement at 80% for preventive and diagnostic with 50% for basic and major restorative.
$1000 annual maximum
$1000 separate lifetime orthodontic maximum No deductible and 100% preventive, 80% diagnostic, 50% for basic and major restorative
$750 annual maximum
No orthodontic coverage
Hourly – Teamster benefits
Retirement Salaried – DB plan with 2% of 5 year FAE times years of services (fully integrated with Social Security)
Eligibility on date of hire
Vesting at 100% after 5 years of service
Hourly – DB flat rate of $12 per month per year of service
Eligibility on date of hire
Vesting at 100% after 3 years of service
Both Salaried and Hourly participate in MMC ESOP Salaried and Hourly – Profit Sharing Plan with 10% of net profits in excess of $1,000,000.
Eligibility is at 1 year of service
Vesting is 20% per year
DB FAE Pension Plan was terminated in 2013
Hourly employees participate in OY Profit Sharing as well as a DB flat rate pension with Teamsters
Executive Physical Exams None Executive entitled to an annual physical at the physician of their choice (paid by the company)
Questions to answer for your boss:
1. What do you think the benefits strategy of MMC has been? How does the benefits strategy match what you know about your organization?
2. What do you think the benefits strategy of OY has been? How does the benefits strategy match what you learned about the company?
3. Identify 3 benefit challenges and 3 benefit opportunities that are apparent when looking at combining the benefit plans at the two companies?
4. Identify 3 benefit challenges and 3 benefit opportunities that would exist if the OY employees were to become covered by the MMC benefit program.
5. Identify 3 benefit funding opportunities that are available at either company.
6. Assume the acquisition of OY goes through. Select 3 benefit programs and provide your recommendation on harmonizing those programs for the combined company.
7. Assume the acquisition of OY falls through. Identify 3 benefit changes that should be considered by MMC anyway?
Remember, you are writing a business report to your Senior VP of Human Resources that he/she will share with the CEO. Make sure you write clear, concise and carefully crafted and limit you work to no more that 2 or 3 pages.
You should turn your assignment in on Sakai, at the Assignment Tab and ensure your answer is saved as a Word document. Good luck.
Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell.
In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.
God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.
Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.
To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.
Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.
Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies, 4(8), 487.
Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.