Human Relationships and Life Transitions

Read the following Case Study scenario:
Andrew, aged 2 and a half years, is attending day care three days a week for five hours each day while his mother
Maria works part-time. Maria states that Andrew is speaking in four to five word sentences and communicating his
needs well. Andrew’s father, Tom, is a full-time shift worker and he cares for Andrew regularly on his two days off
each week. Maria explains that Andrew enjoys music, dancing and singing silly songs with his dad, herself and
their large extended family. Andrew is Maria’s first child, and she is concerned that her son is not yet toilet trained
during the day or night, especially since she has noticed that other children in day care seem to have mastered this
skill during the day. Maria also has questions in relation to healthy eating and active play for Andrew, and the benefits
of child care and play groups. The Child and Family Health Nurse has reassured Maria that Andrew is meeting all
his developmental milestones and will soon gain daytime continence by the time he is three years old, or soon after.
The Nurse has also educated Maria on healthy eating patterns and active play. The Nurse has referred Maria to a
mother’s group in her local area to discuss strategies for toilet-training in a relaxed, informal environment with other
Essay Topic: Drawing on relevant nursing and social science literature, and using at least two examples from scenario
Case Study 2, write an essay on the following topic:
What are some important aspects of psychosocial development that occur in children between the ages of two and
five years (2-5 years), and what influences this development?

Sample Solution