Refer to the attached files Institution: Human Rights in remote communities; discuss what it means for indigenous men (Aboriginal Australians) Human Rights in terms of: – Shorter life expectancies, poverty, more at risk of developing mental health issues – Lack of mental health support services in remote communities; inaccessible health services – No standard housing substructures and communities; have rundown housing , overcrowding and destitute sanitation systems – Unemployment; welfare dependency
This task will allow you to gain feedback on your critical thinking and essay writing skills. This assessment relates to Learning Outcomes 1, 2, 3 and 4:
1.Describe the principle of structural inequality and explain its relationship to the social divisions ofclass, gender, race, ethnicity, sexuality, and age.
2.Articulate the relationship between structural inequality and life chances in producing social injusticein Australia.
3.Discuss the ways in which social concepts (race, gender, class, sexuality, age) and legal concepts(human rights, citizenship, justice) interact to produce social injustice.
4.Relate issues of social justice to issues of criminal justice in Australia.
You are required to choose one of the key institutions of justice explored in Module 3 (Criminal Law, Punishment, Human Rights, Citizenship) and critically discuss that institution from the ‘perspective’ of the group that you analysed in Assessment 1: Report on Disadvantage.
You must explore the role that your chosen institution plays in creating just or unjust outcomes for your group. In doing so, you should discuss the unique experiences that your group has with that institution, such as the barriers they encounter when accessing it. You should also make suggestions as to how that institution could be reformed to produce more just outcomes for the group that you are discussing.
The following detailed instructions will help you complete this task.
Step 1. Choose an institution from Module 3. You must first choose an ‘institution’ discussed in Module 3
(Human Rights. Make sure you have familiarised yourself with this institution – this might require you to read ahead in the textbook or to explore some of the unit content that we haven’t yet discussed. You will need to do some general research about that institution, and some more specific research that talks about the institution in the context of your chosen group. Remember, you are using the ‘perspective’ of the group that you looked at in the first assignment to narrow your discussion of this institution, and to ground it in a ‘real world’ context. This will also allow you to use clear examples to discuss your points. Use the unit material to guide you here. Please note that the institutions referred to here are those that make up the weekly topics for module 3 – do not choose an institution like the Australian Human Rights Commission. Also note that if you choose Criminal Law as your institution, you can discuss the criminal justice process right up to punishment (as Punishment is a separate institution that we discuss) – this means that you can include the policing and court processes in your discussion.
Step 2. Consider the following questions to develop the points you will discuss in your essay.
•What is the role of your institution in creating just or unjust outcomes for your group?
•Why is that particular institution an important one for your group to have access to in order toachieve justice?
•Does the group that you are looking at have unique experiences with that institution? Do theyexperience barriers to accessing it? Why do these barriers exist? How do these barriers preventaccess to justice?
• Are there any ways in which access to this institution might be better achieved? Could the institution be reformed in order to produce just outcomes? Note: this issue is likely to be addressed in, or become apparent from, the research that you find on the topic – you should avoid inventing your own suggestions or recommendations without reference to the research you have found.
Step 3. Write your essay
The questions above will help you to produce the critical discussion that is expected. You should plan and write 3-4 body paragraphs to address these questions in relation to your group. Remember, each paragraph should only cover one main point. This task requires that you engage to some extent in your own synthesis of information. The key points might not always be immediately apparent in the research you access.
Note: Higher marks will be given to essays that demonstrate a sophisticated and original engagement with the institution chosen, and which clearly articulate the role that this institution (or lack of access to it) plays in the injustice experienced by your group. As is the case for the first assignment, reference to key unit concepts (both general concepts, and those specific to your group and institution) is necessary and, the more sophisticated your use of these, the higher mark you will receive. Please consult the criteria sheet for more detailed information.
You are expected to engage with academic resources for this essay, including your textbook, academic journal articles, reports, conference papers and reputable websites. You can also engage with some of the research that you discussed in Assessment 1, but do not copy the content of your assignment directly. There is no limit on the number of sources you may include in this assessment but all sources must be correctly cited in text using the Harvard system and a correctly formatted reference list must be provided (do not use footnotes). You must provide at least 12 references.
Introduction (150 words)
This should include a brief statement introducing your topic, an outline of the content of your essay, and a clear indication of your argument in the essay.
Body (1200 words)
You should structure your essay around the key questions outlined under Step 2 above. You may choose to use sub-headings.
Conclusion (150 words)
Your concluding statement should draw together your work. Here you should provide the following:
• A series of brief statements outlining the key points you have made in each section of your essay
• A strong statement which ties together your work and clearly identifies what your argument has been throughout your essay
Your reference list should be in Harvard format, be single spaced and listed alphabetically by first author’s author surname. Do NOT divide into type of source (i.e. books, journal articles, web sources). Your reference list should be titled as such and be tidily presented. The reference list is not included in the word count.
Your essay must be double spaced and in 12 point font. You may use sub-headings to identify each section of the essay (e.g. Introduction, sub headings which reflect your topic, Conclusion).
All assignments submitted in the School of Justice at QUT should include:
A cover page
Your cover page will include your name, indicating that you are the author of the report, and your student number. It should also clearly state which key group you are exploring in this report.
Statement of Authorship
You are required to include this in your QUT assignments. This statement indicates that you accept responsibility for your work and that it is original and free of plagiarism. The statement is:
In submitting this work I declare that, unless otherwise acknowledged, this work is wholly my own. I understand that my work will be submitted to Turn It In and consent to this taking place.
Please do not include your criteria sheet in the document that you submit, as this will be highlighted as copied material in the Turn It In originality report.
All students are to submit this assignment by uploading it using the link in the ‘Essay’ folder of the JSB171 Blackboard site, by 11:59pm on the due date. If you have any difficulty submitting your assignment, please contact the IT Helpdesk (Ph: 07 3138 4000, website: https://www.ithelpdesk.qut.edu.au/) and make sure that you log a job with them so you have evidence of your attempted submission. To avoid any last minute problems, make sure you submit well before 10pm, as this is when the IT Helpdesk shuts.
Please ensure that your assignment is uploaded in Microsoft Word (.docx) format only and not as a PDF or as a ‘Pages’ document.
Useful Library resources:
Assignment Calculator: http://studywell.library.qut.edu.au/multimedia_files/assignment_calculator/index.php
Finding Academic Sources for Social Justice & Inclusion http://libguides.library.qut.edu.au/social_justice
Essay Writing: http://www.citewrite.qut.edu.au/write/essay.jsp
QUT Harvard Referencing: http://www.citewrite.qut.edu.au/cite/qutcite.jsp#harvard
From this time forward the Hypothesis H2: There exists a positive association between Job Trust and Job Satisfaction The association among POS and Job Trust Various examinations have been driven on evaluating the levels of work trust (Dietz and Den Hartog, 2006) and POS in affiliations. Trust between two substances is communicated as the planning of one (Trustor) to be defenseless against the exercises of the other (Trustee). This accessibility of the trustor is basically his want that the one he trusts will act to help him autonomous of honing control and supervision (Mayer et al., 1995). Work Trust is considered of high essentialness in the present relationship since it has been observationally settled that when trust levels are high, affiliation obligation is high (Brockner et al., 1997). As indicated by the importance of trust used above nonappearance of trust suggests a higher need of checking (Handy, 1995) and extended trust levels proposes cut down prerequisite for supervision (Bradach and Eccles, 1989; Ouchi, 1979). POS as described above is acknowledged to impact Job Trust however there isn't adequate observational affirmation open. There is adequate research available on the antecedents of POS and its outcomes however none talks about the Job Trust with specific indicate. POS is has its speculative roots in the social exchange relationship (Allen and Brady, 1997), in which the laborer is obliged to react to the affiliation like he feels about it (Eisenberger et al., 2001). If delegates assume that their affiliation or so far as that is concerned brisk unrivaled is really charmed by their success by then trust will make (Doney et al., 1998). Looks at demonstrate that extended perspective of definitive help realizes extended undertakings commonly put in by the specialists to achieve the affiliation's objectives (Eisenberger et al., 1986). Research drove by Cook and Wall(1980) saw that there is a positive association among's trust and relationship with the work affiliation. Correspondingly contemplates reveal a positive association between POS, loaded with feeling association and wants of execution related prizes (Eisenberger et al., 1990). As demonstrated by an examination coordinated by Florence et al., (2006), the association between procedural value and trust is most of the way interceded by POS. Moreover trust has been found to mediate the association between procedural value and various leveled citizenship lead (Konovsky and Pugh, 1994), POS is furthermore a center individual of the association between the more than two (Moorman et al., 1998). Along these lines we can expect a possible linkage among trust and POS. From this time forward the Hypothesis H3: There exists a positive association among POS and Job Trust Business region's coordinating part on the model In this investigation we have thought about the coordinating effect of the dichotomous go between: the business part of the respondent i.e. open and private part. The importance of work division in the Indian setting insinuates the organization guaranteed and worked affiliations which go under open fragment and selective components which are named the private portion affiliations. Agent business satisfaction has been pondered generally on various occasions however an examination expecting to bring out complexities in the levels of watched POS, Trust and Job Satisfaction and the associations between them in Public and Private zone have not been considered all around. Since the work culture of these two divisions are through and through various just like the action factors. The working environment in the private portion is more engaged, open and result-arranged while out in the open part it's direct, less open to new contemplations and generally dove by stagnation as time goes on. Along these lines, we intend to separate the elements of POS, trust and occupation satisfaction in these two fragments and endeavor to find the refinements in perception due to the way the structure works. 0.322* 0.553* 0.253* 0.184/0.441* 0.439*/0.642* 0.096/0.412* In the above figure Number 1/Number 2: Standard beta coefficient of Public part/Standard Beta Coefficient of Private division Procedures Test In every one of the 183 respondents used in regulatory farthest point out in the open and private division establishments in India were controlled this investigation getting some data about the movement, progressive help and satisfaction. The surveys were electronically sent to the target gathering which constituted comparable number of respondents from the two sections and a wide field of ventures like dealing with a record, information advancement, control age et cetera. Measures Unless for the most part communicated all the going with creates have been assessed by Likert scales with responses going from solidly agree to unequivocally contradict this thought. Seen Organizational Support: Employees' impression of legitimate help has been evaluated using a 8 thing and a 5 point scale made by Eisenberger (2001). A case thing is, My affiliation immovably ponders my goals and characteristics. Occupation trust: Trust that the specialist has in his or her affiliation has been evaluated using a 7 thing and a 5 point scale made by Tyler (2003). A case thing is In my affiliation, my points of view are considered when decisions are made. Occupation Satisfaction: The joy that the delegate gets from the possibility of his movement is evaluated by a 7 thing and 7 point scale made by Brayfield and Rothe (1951). An illustration thing is . I feel really content with my present work. Confinements and Conclusion One of the confinements of this investigation recommendation is the different assortment in the seasons of comprehension of the respondents. Open fragment specialists who were dealt with this examination had a higher typical years of experience while the private division delegates were new members into occupations. The refinement in wants and parameters on which their perceptions are based may have affected the delayed consequences of the investigation. Second, the respondents in the all inclusive community and the private part work in absolutely novel ventures. For example, the respondents from individuals when all is said in done division tries are mainly from the dealing with a record and power age part while private section respondents have a place with information development, consultancies et cetera. Organize examination of open and private part agents working in a comparative industry has not been brought out clearly. Third, the system for data assembling through the web isn't by and large correct and strong. References Allen, M.W. likewise, Brady, R.M. (1997), ''Total quality organization, definitive obligation, saw various leveled help, and intraorganizational correspondence'', Management Communication Quarterly, Vol. 10 No. 3, pp. 316-41. Bateman, T. S., and Organ, D. W. (1983). Occupation satisfaction and the immense trooper: The association among impact and laborer "citizenship." Academy of Management Journal, 26, 587-595. Bradach, J.L. additionally, Eccles, R.G. (1989), ''Price, master, and trust: from consummate sorts to plural structures'', in Richard Scott, W. in addition, Judith Blake (Eds), Annual Review of Sociology, Annual Reviews, Palo Alto, CA, pp. 97-118. Brief, A. P., and Motowidlo, S. J. (1986). Prosocial definitive practices. Establishment of Management Review, 11, 710-725. Brockner, J., Siegel, P.A., Daly, J.P. furthermore, Martin, C. (1997), ''When trust in issues: the coordinating effect of result inspiration'', Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 42, pp. 558-83. Campbell, J. P., Dunnette, M. D., Lawler, E. E., and Weick, K. E. (1970). Authoritative lead, execution, and sufficiency. New York: Mc-Graw-Hill. Cook, J.D. in addition, Wall, T.D. (1980), ''New work perspective measures of trust, progressive duty and individual need non-fulfillment'', Journal of Occupational Psychology, Vol. 53, pp. 39-52. Dietz, G. in addition, Den Hartog, D. (2006), ''Measuring trust inside affiliations'', Personnel Review, Vol. 35 No. 5, pp. 557-88. Doney, P.M., Cannon, J.P. also, Mullen, M.R. (1998), ''Understanding the effect of national culture on the progression of trust'', Academy of Management Review, Vol. 23 No. 3, pp. 601-20 Eisenberger, R., Armeli, S., Rexwinkel, B., Lynch, P.D. likewise, Rhoades, L. (2001), ''Reciprocation of saw definitive help'', Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 86 No. 1, pp. 42-51. Eisenberger, R., Fasolo, P. besides, Davis-LaMastro, V. (1990), ''Perceived various leveled help and delegate determination, duty, and progression'', Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 75 No. 1, pp. 51-9. Eisenberger, R., Huntington, R., Hutchison, S. moreover, Sowa, D. (1986), ''Perceived legitimate help'', Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 71 No. 3, pp. 500-7. Eisenberger, R., Huntington, R., Hutchison, S., and Sowa, D. (1986). Seen definitive help. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71, 500-507. Florence, S., David, C., Liesbeth, M., V. (2006) "Considered Support to be a Mediator of the Relationship Between Justice and Trust", Group and Organization Management >GET ANSWER