Nurses are an integral part of the healthcare team in providing care to individuals, groups, and communities. Their wealth of knowledge of healthcare systems has been underutilized with regard to impacting the policy making process. Choose one health policy in which nurses have been actively involved.
• Identify and explain the health policy
• Discuss the health policy’s agenda and determine the policy’s stakeholders
• Determine competing agendas influencing the stakeholders and the public opinion regarding the policy
• Utilizing the MSN Essentials, examine how the master’s prepared nurse leader can participate in impacting the outcomes of the chosen health policy
• Discuss how state and federal levels affect the policy initiative
Having perused and dissected the different writing accessible on the point of mergers and acquisitions it is clear there are numerous conclusions and perspectives on the long haul execution of both the objective and acquirer post takeover. The principal article I have investigated is Andrade, Mitchell and Stafford's "New confirmation and points of view on mergers" which gives a general outline of mergers and how the example has changed throughout the years. The 1960s seen countless with respect to the quantity of openly accessible targets, in this way the extent of arrangements to targets was expansive regardless of whether the genuine number wasn't as large as in the succeeding years. The 1980s at that point prompted more vital levels of takeovers with multi-million pound bargains occurring. Around this time half of all significant US organizations got a delicate offer. Presently at exhibit day and from the 1990s we have seen a mix of the past 30 years patterns, with an expansive number of vast esteem mergers occurring.  The following piece of this diary at that point takes a gander at the champs and failures in a merger bargain both in the long and here and now. In the two cases the normal irregular securities exchange return is utilized to quantify esteem creation or pulverization. In the fleeting the stock costs rapidly change following a merger declaration and the impact of the merger ought to be fused into the stock cost when the merger is finished. The decision of occasion window at that point decides if it is a short or long haul examine, with here and now being the three days encompassing the merger ( i.e. one day either side and the day itself). A more extended window would be a few days before merger finishing toward the culmination; the execution would then be taken a gander at in the more drawn out period after this window. The general outcomes from merger movement demonstrates that objective investors are unmistakably the victors in merger exchanges, with examine from this paper featuring the 3-day irregular return for focuses to be 16% with this figure ascending to 24% in longer windows. However the confirmation for securing firms isn't so effectively investigated, with the normal three day strange return being featured in the paper as being - 0.7% and - 3.8% over the more drawn out window. However the trouble comes while investigating these outcomes as in spite of the fact that the assessments are negative they are not dependably so as these figures will incorporate the expenses of making the offer and financing the takeover. In this manner it is inconsistent to state that acquirers are failures in mergers, however it can be seen that they are not enormous champs similarly as targets.  To condense this it can be seen that mergers appear to be esteem making for investors by and large, yet the objective accomplishes the greater part of the merger picks up around the declaration. It has likewise been contended that gaining firms in numerous occurrences have verged on coordinating these exchanges the other way; however this isn't generally the case. The last area of Andrade, Mitchell and Stafford's paper centers around long haul occasion thinks about and the long haul strange returns which run with it. The paper says that some current long haul occasion contemplates measure the negative unusual returns in the couple of years following a merger and locate some intriguing outcomes. They express that a few financial specialists neglect to appropriately see the full impacts of corporate declarations and subsequently this provides reason to feel ambiguous about our past discoveries in connection to the declaration time frame occasion window. This is subsequently out of line with the Efficient Market Hypothesis where the market will react rapidly and proficiently to new data. Other writing notices that there is the potential in the long haul for both over and under response to data and this is something we will break down in more profundity later. Alan Gregory's 2005 diary entitled "The Long Run Abnormal Performance of UK Acquirers and the Free Cash Flow Hypothesis" specifies a potential downside of long haul occasion contemplates. He contends that if long haul expected returns are just gauges of the genuine vale then therefore it takes after that the long haul strange returns will be off base. However this issue supposedly is less noteworthy in short window occasion ponders as the profits are believed to be precise and along these lines more solid. The Andrade, Mitchell and Stafford diary gives a general diagram of the subject of mergers, both in the over a wide span of time circumstance. Having set up a general understanding I at that point took a gander at more exact writing which talks about specific viewpoints including the post merger execution of both securing and target firms. The conclusions picked up will at last frame the premise of my experimental examination. The dominant part of writings I have explored construct their outcomes in light of the post takeover execution of the bidder, while a few messages additionally take a gander at the execution of the blended firm after the takeover. The most well-known conclusion from the different accessible messages on mergers is that in the fleeting target investors pick up and bidders don't lose. However in the long haul it is seen that numerous organizations encounter anomalous execution in the couple of years following a merger. A standout amongst the most ordinarily alluded to diaries in view of this conclusion is by Jensen and Ruback and is called "The Market for Corporate Control." It was one of the main bits of writing to remark on the impacts of corporate takeovers on investors and is along these lines normally utilized as a premise in later audits and additionally the Hubris Hypothesis which will be talked about later. The outcomes from their investigation in view of US organizations are that mergers make positive increases, target investors advantage and the offering firm investors don't lose. However conclusions made later recommended there were as yet numerous dubious issues to be settled with respect to corporate control, for instance every one of the discoveries in this examination prompt positive outcomes on investors however this might be as it is hard to discover activities made by supervisors which would really hurt investors. The paper likewise remarks that the long run post merger execution is an issue region as it yields comes about in opposition to advertise productivity, and in many writings this is depicted as a market peculiarity. It is expressed in the diary that negative strange returns propose that deviations in the stock cost are identified with the overestimation of future increases from mergers. Despite the fact that there has been a considerable measure of research into the market for corporate control, there is still significantly more to be done around there and Jensen and Rubacks' structures the reason for future investigation. Initially in "Investor riches impacts of corporate takeovers" by J.R Franks and R.S Harris they arrive at a similar conclusion that objectives advantage and bidders don't lose in connection to UK organizations in the wake of constructing their examination in light of the aftereffects of Jensen and Ruback (1983) which reached this decisions in the wake of utilizing an informational index of US organizations. Few papers discovered varying outcomes as of now, in particular Firth's articles in 1979 and 1980 which found that in the UK targets pick up and bidders lose and in 1977 Franks, Broyles and Hecht locate that the two gatherings pick up. Franks and Harris found that a disadvantage of these outcomes like numerous different examinations was that either the example measure was too little or the example was assumed control too short a period. To battle this they ensured their example was assumed control over a 30 year time span from 1955-1985 and that it was a far reaching investigation of countless engaged with UK takeovers. The conclusion came to was that most mergers are esteem making for investors, with the objective accomplishing a large portion of the additions and the bidder either makes back the initial investment or makes little picks up. This was found by dissecting the value advertise cost in the occasion window around the merger date. Franks and Harris however found a potential issue identifying with post merger execution as it is subject to the benchmark returns against which bidders are assessed; however this may prompt examiners finding false outcomes relying upon the planning of the merger. For instance if a bidder times the merger occasion to match with a period were their own particular stock is doing admirably then it might deliver false outcomes as the great execution of this stock would counterbalance and give a general decent execution regardless of what. Franks and Harris measure unusual returns utilizing three changing strategies for the two years following the unequivocal date. These are to be specific utilizing a market alpha and beta blend, utilizing a market model and utilizing the CAPM resource estimating model. This can obviously be seen from table 10 (page 245) in the diary and this ought to be taken a gander at as a region which may require additionally inquire about. At last correlations between the UK examination by Franks and Harris and Jensen and Ruback's US proportionate reach two primary conclusions. Right off the bat target riches picks up in both the UK and US have expanded since 1968, because of bidder riches impacts and besides after the type of the first offer is controlled, targets picks up are comparative for both the UK and US. This may propose that the riches impacts of takeover are practically identical in the two nations.  A standout amongst the most broadly perceived bits of composing identifying with corporate takeovers is by Richard Roll in 1986 and is entitled "The Hubris Hypothesis of Corporate Takeovers". This diary was composed keeping in mind the end goal to pick up an alternate view to beforehand composed articles and at last to discredit Jensen and Ruback's rundown in their 1983 examination available for corporate control. In Jensen and Ruback's decision they expressed that "corporate takeovers create positive additions, and that the objective advantages and bidders don't lose." This outcome fits in with most other research on corporate takeovers; however Roll figures out how to give an alternate side to the contention by right off the bat taking a gander at takeovers when all is said in done. He expresses that there are no increases from takeovers, however a few bidders accept there are and such bidders are said to be "tainted>GET ANSWER