The aim of the assessment is to enable you to demonstrate your ability to conduct and present a major piece of independently researched and developed work, including demonstrating appropriate skills of organisation, communication and presentation in the written element, whether dissertation, project report or exhibition critique.
It is suggested that you adopt the following format in presenting your dissertation:
- Title Page
- Acknowledgements: Acknowledgements of outside help (not tutorial support).
- Table of Contents: It should list the sequence with page numbers of all relevant subdivisions of the dissertation; i.e. chapter headings section and sub-section (if appropriate).
- List of Tables
- List of Figures/Illustrations.
- Introduction, Aims and Objectives
- Literature Review
- Data Presentation or Findings
- Data Analysis or Analysis
- Conclusion (and recommendations)
- Reference List: The dissertation should include a list of all relevant texts/journals used.
- Bibliography: The bibliography should include a list of references cited in the main text and any other background reading.
- Appendices: The appendices should only include material that is not central to the arguments in the main text.
Your written dissertation will be marked by two internal examiners, one of whom will be your supervisor. The internal examiners’ marks are moderated by an external examiner.
Your Independent Study will be graded according to the following:
Specification and Definition of the Project (10%) In general, your markers will assess the clarity stated aims and objectives, relevance to sector related issues, feasibility of aims of dissertation study and the rationale of your dissertation study.
Title: It should contain details of the title, student name, programme and year of submission. Please ensure is the title focused, summative, and reflects the proposal/dissertation content.
Abstract: It should provide a brief summary of the dissertation. It should state the nature and purpose of the dissertation and outline the approach adopted. This should be short (300-500 words), self-contained, summative, objective, precise and easy to read.
Introduction: is background information included? Is an introduction to current research included and developed? An introduction to the organisation (if applicable)?
Have you demonstrated the relevance of your dissertation to the field and is it theoretically grounded? Links to relevant literature and academic debates, the evidence of extensive reading will be valued.
Aim(s): is the aim feasible and manageable (have resource and data accessibility
been taken into account)? Is the aim original and does it have the potential to add
6IM997 Independent Study
insights to the field of study? Does it conform to the right aim format?
Objectives: are they focused and do they reflect or are they linked to the aims? Are
the objectives specific and observable? Do they conform to the right format (action verbs)?
Literature Review (20%) In general: Search for relevant literature. Critical assessment of literature. Awareness of contribution of other researchers. Awareness of relevant concepts. Direct linkage to dissertation aims and objectives identified.
• Provide a critical review of relevant academic literature
• Critique existing research and link it to aims/objectives
• Review key academic theories
• Demonstrate relevance to contemporary/current debates
• Be current (not outdated sources)
• Be related to previous published and “recognised” work
• Be critical (sources that both support and oppose aims and objectives)
• Be able to differentiate fact and opinion
• Assess strengths and weaknesses of previous work.
• Be objective, unbiased, coherent and cohesive.
• Adhere to the Harvard Referencing System
Methodology (15%) In general: Choice and use of research methods are appropriate to the aims and objectives. Sound justification provided, including evidence of secondary data supporting choice of methods.
• The research approach
• The research methods
• The research design
• The data collection (i.e. sampling)
• Ethical issues
• Reliability and validity of the study
• Appropriateness of the research design
Analysis and Discussion (20%) In general: Presentation of data, quality of interpretation and analysis. Clear relationship made between aims and objectives, literature and findings.
• Is the data appropriately presented (graphically or verbatim)?
• Is the data presentation factual or interpretative?
• Does the analysis answer the research questions?
• Does the analysis relate or is linked to previous knowledge in the field?
• Is the analysis built from the findings?
6IM997 Independent Study
• Is the analysis linked to the literature review?
• Is the analysis analytical or merely descriptive?
Conclusions (15%) In general: Aims and objectives are satisfied. Effective drawing out of key issues.
• Are the conclusions drawn from the findings?
• Are the conclusions linked to the literature?
• Are the conclusions linked to aims and objectives?
Presentation (10%) In general: Organisation and layout of material. Style including spelling and grammar. Use of material. Bibliography and citations. Appropriate use of appendices. Evidence of the understanding of process in terms of linkage between chapters, the flow of the work. Reflection on the process and possible improvements.
. Is cohesive, well-structured and inter-linked
. Sections complement each other
. Complies with traditional research format
. Follows Harvard Referencing style
. Follows Academic writing
Process (10%) Pro-active approach to dissertation. Evidence of Learning and Development. Achievement of agreed milestones.
From the above, it should be clear that examiners not only consider the technical merit of a dissertation, but also the logical development of argument. Students need to demonstrate interpretative skills and show the ability to study a problem in depth adopting a critical and analytical manner. Work that is descriptive, superficial and lacking direction will not be graded highly. For information on the level of work required at level 6, go to ‘Level descriptors (B3.2) in ‘Credit Framework for Taught Programmes’ the 3R’s.
The United States is home to probably the most infamous and productive chronic executioners ever. Names, for example, Ted Bundy, Gary Ridgeway, and the Zodiac Killer have become easily recognized names because of the awful idea of their wrongdoings. One of the most productive chronic executioners in American history is John Wayne Gacy. Nicknamed the Killer Clown as a result of his calling, Gacy assaulted and killed in any event 33 adolescent young men and youngsters somewhere in the range of 1972 and 1978, which is one of the most noteworthy realized casualty tallies. Gacy's story has become so notable that his wrongdoings have been included in mainstream society and TV shows, for example, American Horror Story: Hotel and Criminal Minds. Measurable science has, and keeps on playing, a significant function in the illuminating of the case and ID of the people in question. John Wayne Gacy's set of experiences of sexual and psychological mistreatment was instrumental in arousing examiner's curiosity of him as a suspect. John Wayne Gacy was conceived on March 17, 1942, in Chicago, Illinois. Being the main child out of three youngsters, Gacy had a stressed relationship with his dad, who drank intensely and was regularly damaging towards the whole family (Sullivan and Maiken 48). In 1949, a temporary worker, who was a family companion, would pet Gacy during rides in his truck; in any case, Gacy never uncovered these experiences to his folks because of a paranoid fear of reprisal from his dad (Foreman 54). His dad's mental maltreatment proceeded into his young grown-up years, and Gacy moved to Las Vegas where he worked quickly in the rescue vehicle administration prior to turning into a morgue specialist (Sullivan and Maiken 50). As a morgue chaperon, Gacy was intensely engaged with the treating cycle and conceded that one night, he moved into the final resting place of an expired young kid and stroked the body (Cahill and Ewing 46). Stunned at himself, Gacy re-visitations of Chicago to live with his family and graduates from Northwestern Business College in 1963, and acknowledges an administration student position with Nunn-Bush Shoe Company. In 1964, Gacy is moved to Springfield and meets his future spouse, Marlynn Myers. In Springfield, Gacy has his subsequent gay experience when a colleague unsteadily performed oral sex on him (London 11:7). Gacy moves to Waterloo, Iowa, and starts a family with Myers. In any case, after routinely undermining his better half with whores, Gacy submits his initially known rape in 1967 upon Donald Vorhees. In the coming months, Gacy explicitly mishandles a few different young people and is captured and accused of oral homosexuality (Sullivan and Maiken 60). On December 3, 1968, Gacy is indicted and condemned to ten years at the Anamosa State Penitentiary. Gacy turns into a model prisoner at Anamosa and is allowed parole in June of 1970, an only a short time after his condemning. He had to migrate to Chicago and live with his mom and watch a 10:00PM time limitation. Not exactly a year later, Gacy is accused again of explicitly attacking a high school kid however the adolescent didn't show up in court, so the charges were dropped. Gacy was known by numerous individuals in his locale to be an enthusiastic volunteer and being dynamic in network governmental issues. His part as "Pogo the Clown" the jokester started in 1975 when Gacy joined a neighborhood "Chipper Joker" comedian club that routinely performed at raising support functions. On January 3, 1972, Gacy submits his first homicide of Timothy McCoy, a 16-year old kid going from Michigan to Omaha. Guaranteeing that McCoy went into his room using a kitchen blade, Gacy gets into an actual quarrel with McCoy prior to cutting him consistently in the chest. Subsequent to understanding that McCoy had absentmindedly strolled into the stay with the blade while attempting to plan breakfast, Gacy covers the body in his slither space. Gacy conceded in the meetings following his capture that executing McCoy gave him a "mind-desensitizing climax", expressing that this homicide was the point at which he "understood passing was a definitive rush" (Cahill and Ewing 349). Right around 2 years after the fact, Gacy submits his second homicide of a unidentified young person. Gacy choked the kid prior to stuffing the body in his wardrobe prior to covering him (Cahill 349). In 1975, Gacy's business was developing rapidly and his hunger for youngsters developed with it. Gacy regularly tricked youngsters under his work to his home, persuading them to place themselves in binds, and assaulting and tormenting them prior to choking them (Cahill 169-170). The majority of Gacy's killings occurred somewhere in the range of 1976 and 1978, the first of this time occurring in April 1976. A significant number of the adolescents that were killed during this time were covered in a slither space under Gacy's home. For the rest of the killings, Gacy confessed to losing five bodies the I-55 extension into the Des Plaines River; in any case, just four of the bodies were ever recuperated (Linedecker 152). In December 1978, Gacy meets Robert Jerome Piest, a 15-year old kid working at a drug store and extends to him an employment opportunity at Gacy's firm. Piest educates his mom regarding this and neglects to restore that night. The Piest family records a missing individual's report and the drug specialist advises police that Gacy would in all probability be the man that Jerome addressed about a work. When addressed by the police, Gacy denied any association in Piest's vanishing. Nonetheless, the police were not persuaded, and Gacy's set of experiences of sexual maltreatment and battery incited the police to look through his home. Among the things found at Gacy's home were a 1975 secondary school class ring with the initials J.A.S., different driver's licenses, cuffs, attire that was excessively little for Gacy, and a receipt for the drug store that Piest had worked at. Throughout the following hardly any days, examiners got various calls and tips about Gacy's rapes and the baffling vanishings of Gacy's representatives. The class ring was in the end followed back to John A. Szyc, one of Gacy's casualties in 1977. Futhermore, after analyzing Gacy's vehicle, agents found a little group of strands looking like human hair, which were shipped off the labs for additional examination. That very night, search canines were utilized to recognize any hint of Piest in Gacy's vehicle, and one of the canines demonstrated that Piest had, truth be told, been available in the vehicle. On December 20, 1977, under the pressure of steady police reconnaissance and examination, Gacy admits to more than 30 killings and illuminates his legal advisor and companion where the bodies were covered, both in the slither space and the stream. 26 casualties were found in the slither space and 4 in the waterway. Gacy is captured, indicted for 33 killings, and condemned to death by deadly infusion. He endeavored a madness request however was denied, and was executed on May 10, 1994. There were a few scientific markers that examiners used to attach Gacy to the homicides. A portion of these include fiber investigation, dental and radiology records, utilizing the disintegration cycle of the human body, and facial recreation in recognizing the people in question. Examiners discovered strands that took after human hair in both Gacy's vehicle and close to the slither space where the bodies were covered. Notwithstanding these hair tests, specialists likewise discovered filaments that contained hints of Gacy's blood and semen in a similar territory. Blood having a place with the casualties was found on a portion of the strands, which would later straightforwardly attach Gacy to the wrongdoings. The filaments in Gacy's vehicle were investigated by legal researchers and coordinated Piest's hair tests. Moreover, the pursuit canines that discovered that Piest had been in Gacy's vehicle demonstrated this by a "passing response", which told specialists that Piest's dead body had been within Gacy's vehicle. Out of Gacy's 33 known casualties, just 25 were ever definitively recognized. A considerable lot of Gacy's casualties had comparative actual portrayals and were along these lines hard to recognize by simply asking people in general. To distinguish the people in question, examiners went to Betty Pat Gatliff, a pioneer in scientific science and facial recreation. Facial remaking is the way toward reproducing the facial highlights of a person by utilizing their remaining parts. Certain facial highlights, for example, facial structures, nasal structure, and generally face shape can be valuable in distinguishing a casualty even long in the afterlife. By utilizing these highlights, and with the assistance of program, measurable specialists can make a picture of an individual's face, which is instrumental in recognizing casualties after their bodies have rotted. Facial remaking should be possible in a few measurements. Two-dimensional facial reproductions is utilized with skull radiographs and depend on pre-passing photos and data. Be that as it may, this isn't really ideal in light of the fact that cranial highlights are not generally obvious or at the correct scale (Downing). So as to get a sensible and more precise portrayal of the casualty's face, a craftsman and a legal anthropologist are typically important (Downing). Three-dimensional facial recreation is finished by models or high goal, three-dimensional pictures. PC programs can make facial reproductions by controlling examined photos of the remaining parts and use approximations to reproduce facial highlights. These will in general deliver results that don't look fake (Reichs and Craig 491). At times, specialists will utilize a strategy called superimposition as a method for facial remaking. Shockingly, it's anything but a usually utilized strategy, as it expects specialists to have some information about the personality of the remaining parts they are managing. By superimposing a photo of a person over the skeletal remaining parts, examiners can check whether the facial highlights line up with the anatomical highlights, permitting them to distinguish a casualty. On account of John Wayne Gacy's casualties, specialists had the option to utilize facial reproduction to distinguish nine of the bodies found in the creep space. The accompanying realistic shows the facial recreations of these nine casualties: Since facial recreation was insufficient to recognize the entirety of the v>GET ANSWER