- In 200 works research both maternal and infant mortality/morbidity rates in, the United States, and globally. Discuss these rates and the circumstances surrounding maternity and infant mortality/morbidity rate.
- In 200 words how does the determinants of health impact infant maternal and infant mortality/morbidity rates in, the United States,
d. physical influences, medical care
e. social factors.
- In 200 words explain why are mortality/morbidity rates higher in some areas, or among certain groups?
- In 200 explain how does socioeconomic status play a role in maternal and infant mortality/morbidity rates?
- In 300 words and using the nursing role and explanation listed below, state what role can nurse’s play in the community to ensure the safety and health of both mothers and their newborns? Provide example of how the nurse would aid in these roles.
A. Nurse Caregiver- help patients maintain and regain health, manage disease & symptoms, & attain a maximal level function & independence through the healing process. As a caregiver, you help the patient & family set goals & assist them with meeting these goals with minimal financial cost, time, & energy. ( gives baths, food, meds)
B. Nurse Communicator- allows you to know your patients, including their strengths & weaknesses, & their needs. Communication is essential for all nursing roles & activities. The quality of communication is a critical factor in meeting the needs of individuals, families, & communities (talking to family member/doctor/patient)
D. Nurse Teacher/educator- explain concepts & facts about health, describe the reason for routine care activities, demonstrate procedures such as self-care activities, reinforce learning or patient behavior, & evaluate the patient’s progress in learning. (teach what to expect/look for)
F. Nurse Counselor- use therapeutic communications, assists patient to make decisions & makes referrals
However, due to the differences between individuals in the severity of brain, age, and health, there are conflicting studies that imply that there is little to no association between APOE polymorphisms and unfavorable outcomes following brain injury (Liberman et al., 2002). Polymorphisms in BDNF has been associated with cognitive function following brain injuries. Studies have demonstrated that in healthy patients, stroke patients, and psychiatric patients with the Val66Met polymorphism had impaired cognitive abilities (Bennett et al., 2016). This polymorphism has been linked to a decrease in hippocampus volume and prefrontal cortex gray matter (Bagnato et al., 2012). Similar results have been revealed in patients following brain injury. This suggests that patients with this polymorphism would be more susceptible to poor outcomes and disorders of consciousness. However, Bagnato et al revealed that the Val66Met polymorphism may not affect the improvement of cognitive abilities in patients in a vegetative state following traumatic brain injuries. The percentage of patients with and without the Val66Met polymorphism who emerged from the vegetative state did not statistically differ. Additionally, the cognitive functions were similar between these patients (Bagnato et al., 2012). Therefore, although polymorphisms in BDNF impact brain structures and are implicated in impaired cognition, it does not seem to have a prominent effect on the recovery or cognition of patients in a vegetative state. The effect of these polymorphisms on the outcomes following brain injuries imply that there is a genetic susceptibility factor that can make an individual more at risk of entering a vegetative and minimally conscious state Subcellular Organelles>GET ANSWER