This assignment is based on the learning objectives and concepts in Topics 6-12 but may also require knowledge from Topics 1-5. There is a total of 100 marks and this assignment will contribute 50% towards the total assessment for this subject. The marking matrix that will be used for this assignment is also attached.
Your assignment should be typed, with adequate space left between questions. Assignments should be submitted via vUWS. See specific instructions below relating to the format of Assignment 3. Be as concise as possible in your answers, and note that there are specified space-limitations for each question.
Please note this is an individual exercise.
Late assignments will not be accepted without prior approval.
Select one of the following papers:
Do MH, Lee SS, Jung PJ & Lee MH (2007) Intake of Fruits, Vegetables, and Soy Foods in Relation to Breast Cancer Risk in Korean Women: A Case-Control Study Nutrition and Cancer 57(1), 20–27
Strijik JE, Proper KI, Van Mechelen W, van der Beek (2012) Effectiveness of a worksite lifestyle intervention on vitality, work engagement, productivity, and sick leave: Results of a randomised controlled trial Scan J Work Environ Health 39(1) 66-75.
Li S., Sampfer MJ, Williams DR, Vanderweele TJ (2016) Association with religious service attendance and mortality among women. JAMA Internal Medicine 176(6):777-785
Reflect upon the content of the topics we have covered in this course, and critically appraise the article you have selected by answering the following questions. You may use additional source material as you need to.
Please use your own words.
Review the University of Western Sydney plagiarism policy before starting (see the Course Learning guide).!!
The following questions are guide to your essay as these points should be addressed. These are all epidemiological concepts that we covered in the course but you are free to arrange them differently under sub-heading or stick to question answer format if you find it difficult.
1) Overview of the paper you selected.
-What is the issue addressed in the paper, is it important novel?
– What was the exposure or intervention? -What was the outcome?
-What was the study design?
-What was the study population?
-What were the main findings? Were the authors advise for future direction or about the study implication
2) Appraise the internal validity –
To what extent can the observed association between the exposure and outcome be attributed to non-causal explanations? Consider the following questions in your critique: -Are the results likely to be affected by biases including confounding,
-Are the results likely to be affected by chance variation? Are they clearly presented
3) Do you believe a causal association between exposure and outcome is plausible? Is the finding within the study consistent – has any interaction or special mechanism was illustrated/suggested
4) Appraise the external validity of the finding and the overall quality of the discussion section, -Can the findings be applied to the source population from which the study population was derived? -Can the study results be applied to other relevant populations?
ASSIGNMENT 3 FORMATTING
Your paper should be around 2,500 ±300 words- Please ensure that your assignment complies with the following formatting specifications. Assignments that do not comply with these specifications will not be marked.
Format: A single Word document file
Page Limits: As indicated for each question (see questions above)
Paper Size: Standard A4 (210 x 297mm)
Margins: All margins at least 2.0cm.
Font At least 12 point and Times New Roman only
Line spacing: Must be set to 1.5 line spacing or double.
Character spacing: Spacing must be set to normal. Scale must be set to 100%.
Web Links: Links to additional information on any website must not be included in your assignment
Graphics: Graphics (pictures, diagrams etc) may be included in the response if contained within the page limits provided.
Tables: Tabulated information may be included if contained within the page limits provided.
References: APA . Attach references as a separate page at the end of your Assignment. Reference list is not included within page limits. It is recommended to use at least 5 references that are not related to course materials
ASSIGNMENT 3 MARKING Refer to Rubric
(1) ‘Structure organisation language word limit, style and referencing (10%)
Overview – 20%
Internal validity – 30%
Causality – 20%
External validity 20%
Remove the pages 1-3
Keep the next page Submission Form
Assignment Cover Sheet
School of Science & Health
Unit name and number: 401076
Tutorial day and time:
Unit Coordinator: Professor Dafna Merom
Title of assignment:
I hold a copy of this assignment if the original is lost or damaged.
I hereby certify that no part of this assignment or product has been copied from any other student’s work or from any other source except where due acknowledgement is made in the assignment.
I hereby certify that no part of this assignment or product has been submitted by me in another (previous or current) assessment, except where appropriately referenced, and with prior permission from the Lecturer/Tutor/ Unit Co-ordinator for this unit.
No part of the assignment/product has been written/produced for me by any other person except where collaboration has been authorised by the Lecturer/Tutor/Unit Co-ordinator concerned.
I am aware that this work will be reproduced and submitted to plagiarism detection software programs for the purpose of detecting possible plagiarism (which may retain a copy on its database for future plagiarism checking).
Canadian Tire Corporation Mission and Vision The organization's present mission is to guarantee clients, workers and investors' lives are enhanced by the administrations offered by advancing dynamic lives and solid living through its games items retail business, and the offering of significant worth in all items including clothing, vehicle parts, and monetary administrations. The organization's vision is to keep up advancement and development in the entirety of its organizations by accomplishing incredible outcomes and impacting individuals in numerous positive ways every day (Diana's E-Portfolio, 2014). Canadian Tire Strategic Objectives 1. Achievement of feasible development through the reinforcing of the organization's brands and the improvement of the client encounter by extending internet business and upgrade of the brilliant store arrange (CTC, 2018) 2. Increase operational productivity in center business by concentrating on the procedures of stock acquirement, and the streamlining of item arrangement in 2018 (CTC, 2018). Investigation of the Mission, Vision, and Strategic Objectives From the qualities of a decent statement of purpose, unmistakably a statement of purpose should say something about the sort of items and administrations offered and the kinds of clients focused on. This can be unmistakably observed from Canadian Tire's statement of purpose as it characterizes the items and administrations advertised. By specifying items and administrations, there is a circuitous reference to the clients focused as games frill would target individuals inspired by sports, auto parts would target individuals owning vehicles, and money related administrations would center around individuals in the corporate area who are in all likelihood intrigued by issues to do with fund and access to credit. The vision, then again, ought to uncover what the organization sees itself in future. The vision explanation exhibited fulfills this foundation in that it is centered around something worth being thankful for that the organization wishes to convey into what's to come. That is advancement. Shrewd Analysis of the Strategic Objectives Particular: Both key goals are particular in that they unmistakably recognize precisely what ought to be centered around in driving the organization's aggressiveness. For instance, the main target focuses to internet business, and shrewd store organizes as courses through which client experience can be improved. Quantifiable: While the second target is quantifiable the first does not give a reasonable technique by which brands can be reinforced consequently it isn't quantifiable. Achievable: Both destinations are achievable on the grounds that the organization has the expected assets to execute every one of the plans expressed. Reasonable: Both goals are practical on the grounds that they are inside the abilities of the organization. Time-bound: The main goal has a tendency to be indistinct as far as the time included. The second, be that as it may, is plainly characterized as it obviously expresses that the enhancement of procedures ought to be finished before the finish of 2018. Outer Analysis Political Factors • Political strength in the nation is one of the best drivers for accomplishment in the Canadian retail industry. • The strict directions on wellbeing, security, and natural maintainability are a huge supporter of the expenses brought about by retail organizations in the nation. • The suggestion by the liberal government to expand the Child Benefit Grant (Toneguzzi, 2017) implies that individuals in the nation will have more cash to spend on retail items. This guarantees to build deals for the organization. Financial Factors • According to Toneguzzi (2017), the retail segment has seen huge development in the ongoing past. Expectations show that incomes in the part will develop by more than 7% out of 2018. • The fortifying Canadian dollar will, nonetheless, influence Canadian Tire contrarily since it will prompt a decrease in cross-outskirt deals Social Factors • There is a general increment in populace in Canada, which shows an exceptionally encouraging future for Canadian Tire Corporation as interest for retail items is expanding. • In expansion to the developing populace, Toneguzzi (2017) calls attention to that joblessness rates are diminishing which means that individuals have substantially more pay to spend on items, for example, vehicles and mold. • The expanded thoughtfulness regarding sound living in Canada will see an expansion in the interest for sports adornments, a pattern that is useful for Canadian Tire Corporation. Innovative Factors • E-business introduces a major test for firms in the Canadian retail area. Online retailers like Amazon display a major test to conventional retailers, for example, Canadian Tire. • In future, innovation will assume a dynamically greater part in the retail business. As per Bodley (2017), presents look into demonstrating that half of Canadians under 35 make no less than one online buy each month. That implies that Canadian Tire must grow its web based business stages in order to exploit more innovation driven request in future. Natural Factors • With the point of advancing ecological manageability, the retail segment in Canada is looked with expanded strain to cling to maintainability arrangements, for example, the utilization of sustainable power sources and decrease of carbon discharges. Usage of such projects builds costs henceforth influencing benefit. • With a similar target of natural protection, the retail area is required to stock products that are less contaminating (ECO Canada, 2010). Thus, inventory network administration turns out to be extremely noteworthy for firms in this segment Legitimate Factors • Due to the way that the organization works various distinctive organizations, it presented to directions under the oil and gas controls, materials directions and budgetary and cash benefit control (GC, 2018). • What entangles matters considerably additionally is the way that Canada is a government country that has states with various laws. All these influence the organization's activities in the distinctive states. Pattern's that Will Affect Canadian Tire Corporation's Strategic Direction The Growth of the Retail Sector The normal development in the retail division introduces a major chance to the organization. This development guarantees to fundamentally build the organization's income in the coming years. Be that as it may, the vital moves made will decide if the organization will really profit by this pattern or it is contenders who will profit. The E-Commerce Challenge In spite of the way that internet business is for the most part connected with positive business results, it shows a major danger to firms whose model works with the customary physical stores. This implies organizations like Amazon and other online retailers will dependably have a high ground particularly now and later on when an ever increasing number of individuals are utilizing on the web stages to buy all things. Therefore, it is basic that Canadian Tire Corporation, Limited must utilize its assets to extend its web based business stages. This will empower the organization to be in a superior position to exploit the expanding interest for such stages. Sound Living in Canada The expanded enthusiasm for wellbeing in the nation gives the organization a decent open door inferable from the way that it has retail outlets represent considerable authority in the offer of sportswear and general games gear. This open door can be exploited by joining the vital activity proposed above under the web based business challenge and the extension of the games adornments retail business. In this unique situation, the organization ought to build up a conveyance place for sports adornments and afterward begin an online stage that is committed to sportswear and gear. Such a move will influence the particular brand to be distinguished as the go-to mark with regards to the requirement for sports hardware and adornments. Enter Industrial Pressures in the Canadian Retail Industry Online business Online business has begun causing a noteworthy disturbance in Canada's retail part. As of March 2017, deals on internet business stages stretched around C$1.2 billion. With an ever increasing number of individuals liking to buy things on the web, there is expanded weight for conventional retail outlets to receive online business as a methods for achieving an ever increasing number of clients (ITA, 2017). >GET ANSWER