Read the case below. Make an ethical argument that answers the question at the end of the case—What
should Richard do?—and is based on the responsibilities and privileges of the interested parties in the case.
As this is an argumentative style essay, it must have a thesis statement. Please review argumentative essays
(Links to an external site.)and thesis statements (Links to an external site.) provided by the Purdue Online
Writing Lab (OWL).
Each of the mini assignments focuses on one element of ethical analysis. For this essay, your argument should
be focused on the responsibilities and privileges of the interested parties . For that discussion you describe
responsibilities and privileges professionals may have based on their roles. In this assignment the
responsibilities of and privileges of interested parties will be the key to the reasoning that supports your thesis.
In particular, your essay will demonstrate your grasp of Richard’s varied responsibilities as a Principal
Investigator (PI) of a lab including his professional obligations to people who supervise him, those whom he
supervises, and even to broader interested parties, such as the scientific community. Your essay must also
reflect how other interested parties have responsibilities and expectations to help guide your answer to the
question, “What should Richard do?”
Grading will be based on rubric tasks 1 and 3.
Case: Accusations of Falsifying Data
Richard is a young Associate Professor of biochemistry at a major research university. He is unmarried, lives
with his parents, and devotes all his time to establishing his scientific career and develop his lab into a highly
successful scientific enterprise that is turning out world class publications. He has remained in close touch with
John, his PhD advisor, and thinks of their relationship as a warm mutual friendship.
John tells Richard that one of his former PhD students, Allan, had fallen on hard times. He’d lost his first
academic appointment and was now driving a cab in the city where Richard lives. John suggests that Richard
hire the down-and-out guy who is 15 years his senior and practically homeless.
Richard hires Allen as a favor to his old mentor. He has Allan work with some research assistants in his lab.
For the first six months, Allan’s work is poor, and he resents Richard’s supervision. Allan not only insists that
his work is superior to that of others, he also makes unacceptable personal remarks to female graduate
Richard becomes totally fed up with Allan’s attitude and upset at himself for taking Allan in. Richard begins
thinking about the steps he needs to take with Human Resources to fire Allen but feels somewhat immobilized
at how he has let Allen manipulate him and get away with his poor performance.
Richard becomes more assertive, laying down the law and stating what he expects of Allan, specifically, some
decent data on the experiments they’re running. In response, Allan produces a dataset that fits Richard’s
hypotheses a little too perfectly. Richard questions him, and has a student gather some more data, which do
not resemble Allan’s data at all. When Richard confronts him with this discrepancy, Allan leaves the lab in a
The next morning, he bristles with hostility as he hands a copy of a letter to Richard, saying “You thought you
could cross me, didn’t you? I just sent this.”
Allan’s letter was to the Dean of Academic Affairs. In it he claimed that Richard had required him to falsify data
and that much of the data Richard had published in the last two years was falsified.
In a way, Richard is not surprised, but in another he is incredulous that Allan would do such a thing. Richard is
sure the Dean will not take the accusation seriously since Allan lacks standing. Nevertheless, Richard is
troubled that this alleged complaint may come down to his word against Allen’s.
What should Richard do?
The United States is home to probably the most famous and productive chronic executioners ever. Names, for example, Ted Bundy, Gary Ridgeway, and the Zodiac Killer have become commonly recognized names because of the awful idea of their violations. Quite possibly the most productive chronic executioners in American history is John Wayne Gacy. Nicknamed the Killer Clown due to his calling, Gacy assaulted and killed at any rate 33 teen young men and youngsters somewhere in the range of 1972 and 1978, which is one of the most elevated realized casualty tallies. Gacy's story has become so notable that his violations have been highlighted in mainstream society and TV shows, for example, American Horror Story: Hotel and Criminal Minds. Criminological science has, and proceeds to, assume a significant part in the addressing of the case and ID of the people in question. John Wayne Gacy's set of experiences of sexual and psychological mistreatment was instrumental in arousing examiner's curiosity of him as a suspect. John Wayne Gacy was brought into the world on March 17, 1942, in Chicago, Illinois. Being the solitary child out of three kids, Gacy had a stressed relationship with his dad, who drank intensely and was frequently oppressive towards the whole family (Sullivan and Maiken 48). In 1949, a worker for hire, who was a family companion, would pet Gacy during rides in his truck; notwithstanding, Gacy never uncovered these experiences to his folks inspired by a paranoid fear of revenge from his dad (Foreman 54). His dad's mental maltreatment proceeded into his young grown-up years, and Gacy moved to Las Vegas where he worked momentarily in the rescue vehicle administration prior to turning into a funeral home specialist (Sullivan and Maiken 50). As a funeral home specialist, Gacy was intensely engaged with the preserving cycle and conceded that one night, he moved into the final resting place of an expired adolescent kid and touched the body (Cahill and Ewing 46). Stunned at himself, Gacy re-visitations of Chicago to live with his family and graduates from Northwestern Business College in 1963, and acknowledges an administration student position with Nunn-Bush Shoe Company. In 1964, Gacy is moved to Springfield and meets his future spouse, Marlynn Myers. In Springfield, Gacy has his subsequent gay experience when a colleague shakily performed oral sex on him (London 11:7). Gacy moves to Waterloo, Iowa, and starts a family with Myers. Notwithstanding, after consistently undermining his significant other with whores, Gacy submits his originally known rape in 1967 upon Donald Vorhees. In the coming months, Gacy explicitly manhandles a few different young people and is captured and accused of oral homosexuality (Sullivan and Maiken 60). On December 3, 1968, Gacy is indicted and condemned to ten years at the Anamosa State Penitentiary. Gacy turns into a model prisoner at Anamosa and is allowed parole in June of 1970, an only a brief time after his condemning. He had to migrate to Chicago and live with his mom and notice a 10:00PM check in time. Not exactly a year later, Gacy is accused again of explicitly attacking a teen kid however the young didn't show up in court, so the charges were dropped. Gacy was known by numerous individuals locally to be an energetic volunteer and being dynamic in local area governmental issues. His part as "Pogo the Clown" the jokester started in 1975 when Gacy joined a nearby "Cheerful Joker" comedian club that consistently performed at raising money occasions. On January 3, 1972, Gacy submits his first homicide of Timothy McCoy, a 16-year old kid venturing out from Michigan to Omaha. Guaranteeing that McCoy went into his room using a kitchen blade, Gacy gets into an actual squabble with McCoy prior to wounding him over and again in the chest. In the wake of understanding that McCoy had absentmindedly strolled into the stay with the blade while attempting to plan breakfast, Gacy covers the body in his unfinished plumbing space. Gacy conceded in the meetings following his capture that slaughtering McCoy gave him a "mind-desensitizing climax", expressing that this homicide was the point at which he "understood passing was a definitive rush" (Cahill and Ewing 349). Right around 2 years after the fact, Gacy submits his second homicide of a unidentified teen. Gacy choked the kid prior to stuffing the body in his wardrobe prior to covering him (Cahill 349). In 1975, Gacy's business was developing rapidly and his craving for young fellows developed with it. Gacy regularly baited young fellows under his work to his home, persuading them to place themselves in cuffs, and assaulting and tormenting them prior to choking them (Cahill 169-170). The greater part of Gacy's homicides occurred somewhere in the range of 1976 and 1978, the first of this time occurring in April 1976. A considerable lot of the adolescents that were killed during this time were covered in an unfinished plumbing space under Gacy's home. For the rest of the killings, Gacy confessed to losing five bodies the I-55 extension into the Des Plaines River; nonetheless, just four of the bodies were ever recuperated (Linedecker 152). In December 1978, Gacy meets Robert Jerome Piest, a 15-year old kid working at a drug store and offers him a work at Gacy's firm. Piest advises his mom regarding this and neglects to restore that night. The Piest family records a missing individual's report and the drug specialist educates police that Gacy would no doubt be the man that Jerome addressed about a work. When addressed by the police, Gacy denied any contribution in Piest's vanishing. Notwithstanding, the police were not persuaded, and Gacy's set of experiences of sexual maltreatment and battery incited the police to look through his home. Among the things found at Gacy's home were a 1975 secondary school class ring with the initials J.A.S., different driver's licenses, binds, dress that was excessively little for Gacy, and a receipt for the drug store that Piest had worked at. Throughout the span of the following not many days, agents got various calls and tips about Gacy's rapes and the puzzling vanishings of Gacy's workers. The class ring was at last followed back to John A. Szyc, one of Gacy's casualties in 1977. Futhermore, after inspecting Gacy's vehicle, agents found a little group of strands looking like human hair, which were shipped off the labs for additional examination. That very night, search canines were utilized to recognize any hint of Piest in Gacy's vehicle, and one of the canines showed that Piest had, indeed, been available in the vehicle. On December 20, 1977, under the pressure of consistent police reconnaissance and examination, Gacy admits to more than 30 killings and illuminates his legal counselor and companion where the bodies were covered, both in the unfinished plumbing space and the waterway. 26 casualties were found in the unfinished plumbing space and 4 in the waterway. Gacy is captured, indicted for 33 killings, and condemned to death by deadly infusion. He endeavored a craziness request yet was denied, and was executed on May 10, 1994. There were a few criminological pointers that agents used to attach Gacy to the homicides. A portion of these include fiber investigation, dental and radiology records, utilizing the deterioration cycle of the human body, and facial recreation in recognizing the people in question. Specialists discovered strands that took after human hair in both Gacy's vehicle and close to the unfinished plumbing space where the bodies were covered. Notwithstanding these hair tests, agents additionally discovered filaments that contained hints of Gacy's blood and semen in a similar region. Blood having a place with the casualties was found on a portion of the filaments, which would later straightforwardly attach Gacy to the violations. The strands in Gacy's vehicle were dissected by measurable researchers and coordinated Piest's hair tests. Moreover, the hunt canines that confirmed that Piest had been in Gacy's vehicle showed this by a "passing response", which told agents that Piest's dead body had been within Gacy's vehicle. Out of Gacy's 33 known casualties, just 25 were ever decisively recognized. A significant number of Gacy's casualties had comparable actual depictions and were in this way difficult to distinguish by absolutely asking the general population. To distinguish the people in question, examiners went to Betty Pat Gatliff, a pioneer in scientific science and facial reproduction. Facial remaking is the way toward reproducing the facial highlights of a person by utilizing their remaining parts. Certain facial highlights, for example, facial structures, nasal design, and in general face shape can be helpful in recognizing a casualty even long in the afterlife. By utilizing these highlights, and with the assistance of program, measurable agents can make a picture of an individual's face, which is instrumental in recognizing casualties after their bodies have rotted. Facial remaking should be possible in a few measurements. Two-dimensional facial reproductions is utilized with skull radiographs and depend on pre-demise photos and data. Be that as it may, this isn't really ideal in light of the fact that cranial highlights are not generally noticeable or at the correct scale (Downing). To get a reasonable and more exact portrayal of the casualty's face, a craftsman and a measurable anthropologist are generally important (Downing). Three-dimensional facial reproduction is finished by figures or high goal, three-dimensional pictures. PC programs can make facial reproductions by controlling filtered photos of the remaining parts and use approximations to reproduce facial highlights. These will in general create results that don't look counterfeit (Reichs and Craig 491). Once in a while, specialists will utilize a strategy called superimposition as a procedure for facial reproduction. Sadly, it's anything but a normally utilized technique, as it expects examiners to have some information about the personality of the remaining parts they are managing. By superimposing a photo of a person over the skeletal remaining parts, agents can check whether the facial highlights line up with the anatomical highlights, permitting them to recognize a casualty. On account of John Wayne Gacy's casualties, specialists had the option to utilize facial reproduction to recognize nine of the bodies found in the unfinished plumbing space. The accompanying realistic shows the facial recreations of these nine casualties: Since facial reproduction was adequately not to recognize the entirety of the v>GET ANSWER