Jesus’ Encounter with the Samaritan Woman in Its Narrative Context
Most of the episodes in the first of part of John’s Gospel, the so-called Book of Signs (1:19-12:50), involve Jesus’ interaction with Jewish religious authorities and institutions. Jesus’ self-revelation through “signs,” John’s word for Jesus’ miraculous acts, and through sayings, particularly the “I am” discourses, occurs in the context of critical and often hostile interaction with Jewish religious authorities. Consider how John’s account of Jesus’ encounter with the Samaritan woman (4:1-42) fits within a narrative that presents a sustained critique of Jewish religious authorities and institutions.
- Note how Jesus turns the Samaritan woman’s remark about the religious reason for division between Jews and Samaritans into a critique of religion institution in general. How do Jesus’ comments about worship in Jerusalem relate to his action at the temple and his proclamation about it in chapter 2?
- How do Jesus’ comments about the Jerusalem temple in chapters 2 and 4 relate to testimony about the activity of God’s Logos in the prologue (1:18)? Note the statement, “The Word (Logos) became flesh and lived among us” (1:14; NRSV). The Greek word translated “lived” literally means “pitched a tent.” For a discussion of what this means in a Jewish context, see Dorothy Ann Lee’s comments in NIB One Volume Commentary, p. 713. Note the reference to “my tent” in Sirach 24:8, in the midst of verses describing the work of Wisdom. In the sections “Christology” and “Background of the Prologue” in Introducing Jesus and the Gospels (277-279), Murphy discusses parallels between the work of Wisdom in Jewish scripture and Christ’s work as the Logos. Consider how John’s Gospel affirms the universal scope of the redemptive work of the Logos in contrast to Sirach’s description of God creating a dwelling place for Wisdom in the Jerusalem temple.
- Comparing Jesus’ encounter with the Samaritan woman with his encounter with Nicodemus. Does the Samaritan woman understand Jesus’ testimony about himself and his work any better than Nicodemus? How does her action after her encounter with Jesus compare with that of Nicodemus? Consider how this episode focuses on the relation of faith to understanding, a theme that arises later in episodes involving Jesus interaction with his disciples (6:60-71) and his brothers (7:1-8).
- Note the interpretative comment for 4:16-19 in NISB. Based on your analysis of how 4:1-42 functions within narrative structure of John’s Gospel, do you agree with Gail O’Day’s judgment that John’s account of Jesus and the Samaritan woman “has been consistently misinterpreted”? If this judgment is correct, why is it? Is Jesus’ critique of religious authorities and institutions in John’s Gospel relevant to Christian churches today?
to the Soviet Union’s aggression in the European continent (Lindley-French, 2006). After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization became a signal of governments cooperating and protecting each other from any threats faced in the modern age. The same foundational elements are seen in the development of the European Union. Founded after World War II and the Cold War on November 1st, 1993, to prevent another bloody war that would tear Europe apart, a Union was formed to keep nation-states at bay and instead of focusing all economic and political power and war, focus all of it on cooperation in a global sense. (Dinan, 1999) These same founding principles are seen within the African Union, save for the right of free-movement and currency. Founded after the imperialist scramble and the eventual removal of European powers, the African Union is a clear symbol of unity. (African Union, 2018) Along with these political intergovernmental organizations exist economic organizations based with the foundational principle of helping the economically poor, globally. These principles of economic support are seen in the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, along with local deals like the North American Free Trade Agreement. The IMF and World Bank secure funding for global projects along with giving out loans to the countries in need globally. (World Bank Group, 2014) For instance, according to the World Bank, 75 countries borrow to fund themselves and their projects. Along with these loans, the International Monetary Fund increases funding for projects worldwide. Plus, when Greece was going through an economic disaster, the European Union came together and loaned Greece with Euros to stabilize themselves (Mazower, 1991) All in all, the formation of transnational organizations have provided a basis for global cooperation for the world over. However, distrust and opposition of these organizations have increased and thus their perspective must be looked at To start off, this trust dilemma has occurred mainly within the United Kingdom and the European Union. All of this, culminating into the development of the British Exit of the European Union colloquially known as ‘Brexit.’ Thus, it will be the main focus of distrust of transnational organization and a reflection on how advantageous these transnational organizations really are. On June 23, 2016, in an act that stunned many, by a 51 percent to 49 percent margin, the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union. (Goodwin, 2016) This vote was preceded by two campaigns, one to stay within the European Union, the other to leave the European Union. With the ‘Vote Leave’ winning, the people of the United Kingdom have made their minds up about the European Union and its ways, especially the control of the United Kingdom’s own border. The citizens of the United Kingdom felt strongly that they should have control of who enters their country. The majority of citizens who voted felt this way as becoming a European Union member-state allows for any citizen born in a member-state access into any other country, which the United Kingdom disliked very much so as seen from the vote. Plus, the Leave Campaign, whose key pillar was to prevent unwanted immigrants coming into the United Kingdom from the European Union, posted advertisements describing an invasion from the European continent, especially with regards to Muslim refugees from Syria, which whipped up xenophobia and xenophobic citizens within the Kingdom. (Hobolt, 2016) In su>GET ANSWER