Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics

  1. Describe both the population and sample of potential participants for your study. Include the size of each group and indicate the inclusion and exclusion criteria you are using to define and select your sample.
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  2. Locate and review the following article for information on what it means to be a vulnerable subject in research:
    • Sieber, J. E. (2008). Protecting the vulnerable: Who are they? Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: An International Journal, 3(1), 1-2. doi:10.1525/jer.2008.3.1.1
    Are participants in your research project considered vulnerable? Explain what makes them vulnerable. What will you do to mitigate any risks associated with the vulnerability of this group?
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  3. Outline the specifics for recruiting individuals for your study. What materials will be used to conduct the recruitment?
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  4. Do you need any permissions to access and recruit these individuals? Why or why not?
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  5. What will you do if you are unable to obtain permission to access and recruit these individuals for research? In other words, what is your backup plan?
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    Informed Consent
    GUIDANCE – Informed Consent
    FORMS – Informed Consent
  6. What is meant by informed consent?
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  7. How do you plan to gather informed consent from your study participants?
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  8. Will you:
    a. Use a regular informed consent procedure;
    b. Request to waive or alter the regular informed consent procedure; or
    c. Request to waive documentation of informed consent?
    Explain your decision.
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    Data Collection
    GUIDANCE – Data Access and Use Permissions
    GUIDANCE – Pilot Studies, Field Tests & IRB Review
    GUIDANCE – Privacy, Confidentiality & Anonymity
  9. Describe the instruments needed to collect your data (i.e., surveys, interview questionnaires, observation protocols, and so forth).
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  10. Is permission needed to use any of the instruments in your study? If so, how do you intend to obtain permission?
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  11. Do your instruments need to be validated using a pilot test or field study? Explain whether this activity will take place before or after your IRB review?
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  12. If your data already exists (archived data), what permissions are needed to access this data for research purposes?
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  13. What makes your data anonymous or confidential?
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  14. Where will you collect your data (i.e., where will interviews, observations, or surveys take place)? Do you need to implement any strategies to ensure the confidentiality of participants during data collection? If so, describe these plans.
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    Data Management
    GUIDANCE – Data Management
  15. Will your data include individual identifiers? Can you remove these identifiers to protect confidentiality? If so, describe when the identifiers will be removed and how they will be destroyed.
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  16. Is your data going to be collected and maintained as hard copies or as electronic files? Do your data management plans adequately describe how this particular data will be securely maintained?
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    Ethical Principles
    Review your recruitment plans, informed consent process, data collection strategies, and data management plans as outlined above and respond to the following questions.
  17. How do your plans reflect your understanding of the ethical principle of “Respect for Persons”?
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  18. How do your plans reflect your understanding of the ethical principle of “Beneficence”?
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  19. How do your plans reflect your understanding of the ethical principle of “Justice”?
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Sample Solution

ACED ESSAYS