Do you think the juvenile justice system should become even more like the adult criminal justice system, or should it go back to its original idea of parens patriae. If so, for which types of offenses? If not, why not?
welfare price range is going to unemployed humans, at the same time as the proper discern is 3% (TUC, 2013). ordinary, the results of the poll demonstrate that misconceptions on poverty and unemployment are what fuel misleading news testimonies and sensationalised marketing campaign factors. this is relevant to Marshall’s perception of citizenship due to the fact human beings want to recognize the actual causes and problems plaguing social welfare and unemployment: welfare fraud isn't always certainly one of them. by way of ultimate uninformed, an voters can also thoroughly vote in opposition to their higher pursuits, and in turn, this foster inequality. Marshall (1950) suggested that it became the country’s social duty to help the running magnificence and terrible to utilise their political and civil rights, and this could most effective be carried out with an knowledgeable voter base. this is specifically real because of the truth that cuts in social security packages have disproportionately affected ladies (Shelley & Gavigan, 2004). Cuts to these programs have affected unmarried mothers specially (Shelley & Gavigan, 2004). Shelley and Gavigan (2004) make a crucial factor once they word that public discourse and social photos on welfare fraud erroneously link poverty and welfare to crime. Brexit & Immigration previous to Brexit, many political analysts advised that the determining thing on attitudes for leaving or staying in Britain become immigration, at the same time as others recommended that the figuring out element become the advantage as opposed to the drawback of european membership (McKee & Galsworthy, 2016). despite the fact that ‘Brexit’ took place in 2016, the results of the vote are apparent in 2017. Tied to Brexit is immigration. As immigration is a international subject, minority corporations and liberal assimilationist principles of citizenship have dominated political discourse. The equal may be stated for Britain’s immigration “hassle.” the public vote to go away the ecu delivered approximately issues of citizenship and ‘otherness’ (Goodwin & Milazzo, 2017). In fact, a poll performed by way of the British Election study (BES) tested that anti-immigration rhetoric fashioned public help for Brexit (Goodwin & Milazzo, 2017). for instance, increases in the rate of immigration within the uk have been key predictors of the vote for Brexit (Goodwin & Milazzo, 2017). It is not surprising that Britain has taken difficulty with immigration for several years. reporters and journalists have seen extended attacks on european migrants and minorities in file number, and it seems that this hassle has most effective elevated next to Brexit (Goodwin & Milazzo, 2017). further to the violence and anti-immigrant sentiment, the anger and xenophobia against immigrants are anticipated to turn out to be extra intense (Goodwin & Milazzo, 2017). In thinking about the other side of the argument, Marshall’s idea might not be as applicable to the year 2017 because of the reality that Marshall’s theory centered on the exercising of political energy and voter turnout for Brexit changed into low (Goodwin & Heath, 2016). Marshall referred to that residents workout participation of political power by vote casting, and if citizens do now not workout this proper, they can not be said to be involved in the political system. Arguably, a loss of participation points to apathy or ‘hopelessness.’ Marshall argued that citizenship “is a standing bestowed on all those who are complete individuals of a community.” (Marshall, 1950:28). Such members carry out their duties by vote casting and completing civic duties. alternatively, Banks’ (2008) theory on citizenship which is still obtrusive in today’s society is much like Marshall’s belief of citizenship as Banks rejects assimilation, arguing that citizenship should replicate various cultures and languages. similarly, numerous organizations rights can aid people in attaining structural equality. education Reform schooling reform has been a warm button problem for the beyond twenty years (Torres, 1998). education reform and citizenship are interrelated principles due to the reality that residents workout their rights to vote on training. education isn't always only a human proper, however it's miles a idea this is at the forefront of the citizens. at the same time as some authors be aware that the discussion of colleges inside the united kingdom continue to be marginal to the coverage method or they are heard minimally thru coaching unions (Bowe, Ball, & Gold, 2017), the consensus is that educational reform is an important campaigning point, and that is acknowledged through political pundits. some other reason why education reform and citizenship are connected is because the social department of labour and academic systems are connected. that is in keeping with Marshall’s principle on citizenship due to the reality that discussions on instructional reform have targeted round faculties and their potential to lessen the department of labour and reduce present inequality (Apple, 2017). the United Kingdom’s Housing crisis The modern housing crisis within the uk is another issue that is related to citizenship, because of the reality that it's miles a social phenomenon that the voters holds a stake in. The housing crisis also exacerbates inequality, and inequality is a fundamental precept of citizenship, as stated by way of Marshall. The housing crisis inside the united kingdom is a trouble that began after world Wa>GET ANSWER