Compose an essay comparing the process of how a first-time juvenile offender versus an adult offender might be handled by police, the court system, and probation and parole systems. Describe how the functions of each system differ between juveniles and adults, making sure to address the emphasis on rehabilitation in each system. After analyzing the systems, address the following questions: ? Are there options in the juvenile process that might benefit offenders in the adult system to reduce recidivism? How might these be adapted to improve the system? ? Are there options in the adult system that might benefit offenders in the juvenile process to reduce recidivism? How might these be adapted to improve the system?
tter one, they do hope to improve their overall life quality. Vertigo people have a choice to try out other options, do internships abroad, or migrate themselves. The abundance of choice and all the different good and bad outcomes their lives can embrace are what draw the vertigo to become a drifter. Discussion History of Antifa To understand who Antifa are today, we need to understand where they come from, and how they formed. Antifa goes back to the beginning of the 20th century, forming in the 30s as a counterculture to Mussolini’s fascism and later German fascism. Counter culture can be described as the people who oppose the dominant values and behaviour in society, often they are the young people opposing the government. As a response to the fascism that derived from Italy and spread to Germany, people in Germany had responded by forming the Antifaschistische Aktion, or Antifa for short, which were a militant anti-fascist network. The network was formed in the 1930’s when tensions were high between the Nazis and leftists. (Bray, 2017) After the fall of Hitler the Antifa members usually consisted of war veterans, social democrats, and communists. They included the Communists and Social Democrats, who gained popularity after the fall of the Third Reich, Hitler’s Reign. It is significant for Antifa’s tactics and ideology that in 1936 in London, Communists and Anarchists united; outraged they were standing up against British Union of Fascists, also known as the Battle of Cable Street. Protesters formed a blockade and resorted to violence and beat members of this group and police officers as well. Protesters used homemade bombs, and burned a lorry. In French, British, and American areas Antifa groups had begun to recede in 1945. Years later, in 1980s Antifa in Germany has no historical connection to the movement; it is a product of an autonomist movement in West Germany. One of the biggest antifascist campaigns in Germany in recent years was the effort to block annual Nazi rallies in the East German city of Dresden. In October 2016 Antifa campaigned on the occasion of the anniversary of reunification of Germany on 3rd of October, to protest German nationalism, and were violent in doing so. The American Antifa of the early 21st Century has been inspired by the tactics of the original German organisation. Peter Beinart writes that in the US in the late 1980 s left wing punk fans formed a group called “Anti-Racist Action” based on the theory that Americans maybe are not so familiar with the term fascism (The Atlantic, 2017). According to Mark Bray, the author of The Antifa Handbook these activists gained popularity and tried to attract youth with alternative bands in the 90s so that others cannot recruit those people. The motto of Antifa activists was “we go where they go” in order to disrupt any event where the opposition were holding events. Contemporary Antifa is using the same tactics of disruption, by protesting against free speech when there are members of the alt right who want to hold a speech, like at Berkeley with Milo Yiannopulous. Ideology of Antifa Antifa is anarchist yet also communist in its ideology, puritan and authoritarian. What unites both strands is opposition to capitalism, conservatism and traditional, individualist western values. Antifa has been considered to be a counter culture since it has started as a group and a movement since the 1920s and it has appeared yet and yet again in accordance with the political environment. Antifa arises whenever the conservative government is in power, and it is an ideology which struggles against a conservative and capitalist government. The roots of Antifa have often seemed to merge with communism and the Democratic Party of the respective country it emerged in, like th>GET ANSWER