Prepare a research paper, make a concise, critical and well-reasoned arguments FOR and AGAINST the following prompt:
“Spanish colonialism has left an indelible mark on Latin America and its people. Given the scale of the mortality associated with conquest and colonialism, and three centuries of human exploitation and natural resource extraction, Spain has an ethical obligation to pay substantive reparations to the nations of Latin America.”
Length: Your paper should be no less than 5,000 words, or around 10-11 pages, exclusive of end notes and bibliography. Generally, with 12 point font and one inch margins, a single spaced page is around 450 words.
Sources: At a minimum, your paper must be based on at least eight sources exclusive of assigned readings, at least three of which are primary sources. No more than one source should be drawn from the Internet unless it has been previously published in printed form, and encyclopedias and book reviews are not acceptable sources.
Citations: These must adhere to the Kate Turabian Manual for Writers, 8th edition. They must utilize endnotes with page numbers (unless drawn from the Internet), and the bibliography must be divided into primary and secondary sources. Papers will not be accepted unless they are in Word, single spaced with one inch margins and are properly cited and contain endnotes and a bibliography in the indicated format. In preparing your bibliography and endnotes, you may find this site helpful:
Brown, Kendall. “Workers’ Health and Colonial Mercury Mining at Huancavelica, Peru,” in The Americas, Vol. 57, No. 4 (April, 2001): 467-496.
Martin, Cheryl and Mark Wasserman. Latin America and Its People. Vol. 1. New York: Pearson
Longman, 2012. ISBN: 13:978-0-205-52052-7
Naranjo, Pedro, “As They Had Been in Ancient Times.”
Tandeter, Enrique. “Forced and Free Labor in Late Colonial Potosí,” in Past and Present, Vol.
93, (1981): 98-136.
Stevens, Henry, Ed. The New Laws of the Indies. London: The Chiswick Press, 1893.
“Requerimiento” by Charles I of Spain (Primary Document Extract Posted on Moodle).
Robins, Nicholas A. “The Past as Future: The 1680 Pueblo Revolt in New Mexico.” Native
Insurgencies and the Genocidal Impulse in the Americas (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005), 69-74.
Robins, Nicholas A. “Atrocity as Metaphor: The Symbolic Language of Rebellion.” In Native
Insurgencies and the Genocidal Impulse in the Americas (Bloomington: Indiana
University Press, 2005), 142-152.
Ulloa, Antonio and Jorge Juan. Discourse and Political Reflections of the Kingdoms of Peru.
Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1978. ISBN: 0-8061-1482-7
Wiarda, Howard and Margaret MacLeish Mott. “Conclusion.” In Politics and Social
Change in Latin America: Still a Distinct Tradition? Howard Wiarda and Margaret MacLeish Mott, Eds. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2003. Chapter 16.
The general objective of EU reconciliation has been to 'make a nearer and nearer association... in which choice are taken as nearly as conceivable to the subject' (Cini, Michele, Borragan ,2010, However, still the most energetic benefactors of the EU must acknowledge that it has been progressively a movement beginning and managed by elites, than by a prevalent front for change. The claim that the standard European resident has for all intents and purposes no plausibility of straightforwardly influencing crafted by the EU, alongside the negative effect of combination on well known help for the EU, has offered ascend to the term the law based shortage. Despite the fact that there is nobody single definition, the idea driving the thought of the popularity based deficiency is that choices in the EU are 'inadequately illustrative of, or responsible to, the countries and the general population of Europe' (Lord, C, 2001, p165). It isn't simply an 'extra layer of administration, additionally expelled from the people groups of Europe' ... be that as it may, because of such an association, 'every Member State can never again claim to be the wellspring of its own legitimacy'(Eriksen, Fossum ,2002 ,p401). It is vital to make a qualification between two unique sorts of hypotheses behind the law based shortage. The institutional point of view centers around the 'institutional power sharing and on institutional change as an answer for the apparent issues of EU level majority rules system' (Cini, 2010, p378). The socio-mental perspective, in any case, puts much accentuation on the absence of an 'European city character and the nonattendance of an European demos.' The traditional contention, through a socio-mental perspective, of situations where one might say that the EU experiences a just shortfall is that the nonexistence of agent and direct vote based system inside the EU. The set up of the EU brings about strategy making being commanded at the European level by official performing artists, state based pastors in the Council, and government arrangements in the Commission. This does not definitely prompt majority rule shortage; unless, as happens, the choices taken by the official divisions at the European stage are outside the expert of household parliaments. Indeed, even with the formation of European Affairs Committees in each national parliament, pastors when talking and voting in the Council, national delegates while building strategies in The Council and administrators in the Commission when 'drafting or executing enactment, are considerably more separated from national parliamentary investigation and control than are national bureau clergymen or officials in the residential strategy making procedure's Follesdal, Andreas, Hix, Simon, 2005, p2). As a result, governments can effectively ignore their parliaments when settling on strategies at the European level. Accordingly, European combination has brought about a diminishment of the impact of national parliaments and an upgrade to the expert of officials. >GET ANSWER