Please answer all four of the questions below given case examples and citing statutes where necessary:
1. With reference to the case of Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Company, explain the essential ingredients for a valid contract and why this case was considered a contract and not an invitation to treat.
2. With case examples explain what is meant by the consideration of a contract.
3. Give a description of the case Donoghue v Stephenson and what is meant by the ‘neighbour principle’.
4. How many tests are used to determine whether someone is employed or self-employed? Give a brief outline of these tests.
Title: Illicit trafficking in social merchandise with unique accentuation on Mauritius. Presentation The universal commercial center for social merchandise is a billion rupees showcase. Consistently on the planet hoodlum or marauders are sneaking out social merchandise from their nations of sources and sold them to remote nations. My point in this venture is to enhance our comprehension of trafficking in social questions keeping in mind the end goal to make individuals mindful that unlawful exchanging of social merchandise is an offense as social items work as a storehouse of memory and which empower each culture the world over to talk about themselves and about their roots. Besides social merchandise are the main confirmations left for us to elevate and to defend one's way of life and birthplaces. Social products are the key relics and are a piece of general story of humankind so once those social items are crossing limits of nations to be sold unlawfully to remote nations, in the meantime our social character is blurring. What's more, once those social merchandise are stolen, plundered or pulverized, they will be lost always, in this manner we should stop unlawful trafficking in social items. Writing REVIEW Definition What is social great? We frequently observe the terms social "property", "legacy", "merchandise" and "protests" traded. Each state has its own meaning of social "merchandise", "legacy" or "property". What's more, that is the reason the two major worldwide traditions tending to unlawful trafficking in social questions, the 1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Export, Import and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property and the 1995 UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects was made to help each state to get a more suitable legitimate meaning of the term social products so with respect to them to have the capacity to avert trafficking in social articles and furthermore to keep the provenance of a social decent. Under article 1 of the 1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Export, Import and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property and under article 2 of the 1995 UNIDROIT Convention, both tradition characterize the term 'social property', "as property which, on religious or mainstream grounds, is particularly assigned by each State as being of significance for archaic exploration, ancient times, history, writing, craftsmanship or science". Also, the two traditions have set up a classifications of social questions so concerning every state to get an unmistakable comprehension of what social products truly comprise of and too this will help states to order and draw a rundown of legacy which their nations had with the reference to the recorded classifications of social items which both Convention have cooked for. Sorts of social legacy: 1) Tangible legacy 2) Intangible legacy unmistakable legacy is one that can be put away and physically touched. This incorporates things delivered by the social gathering, for example, conventional garments, utensils, (for example, beadwork, water vessels), or vehicles, (for example, the bull wagon). Substantial legacies incorporate awesome landmarks, for example, sanctuaries, pyramids, and open landmarks An immaterial legacy is the thing that exists mentally in the way of life. It isn't a physical or unmistakable thing. Immaterial legacy incorporates tunes, myths, convictions, superstitions, oral verse, and different types of conventional learning, for example, ethno herbal information. For instance for the Southern Kalahari San, each tree and numerous other physical destinations are a piece of their elusive legacy as their history is related with these locales through stories, names and songs. >GET ANSWER