- Compare and contrast Odysseus with Gilgamesh or Rama. Whom do you feel is more heroic and why?
- All three of our heroes undertake a journey. What are some similarities and/or differences in at least two of these quests? What are the heroes searching for?
- Compare and contrast at least two of the following female characters from two different epics: Shamhat, Ishtar, Siduri, Sita, Kaikeyi, Athena, Circe, Calypso, Sirens, Penelope. You might want to consider if these female characters are mainly subservient to the male characters or express a certain degree of power or agency in the epic. Do these female characters fall into one of the Madonna/Whore categories or challenge these stereotypes?
- Evaluate the role of the gods in 2 of the epics. Which are most powerful? Which most involved in the life of the mortals (human beings)? How would you describe the gods: caring, cruel, fickle, noble, omnipotent? — you supply the term that works. What does the characterization of these gods reveal about the cultures of the people who worship them?
he thesis of this essay is that change is producing an international system increasingly characterised by unevenness in the political character of states, but that the picture is more complicated for change in economic growth. This essay begins by examining change in the political character of states. It provides a brief historical overview of the development of the modern state system. It then expounds Fukuyama’s (1989) theory and explain the problems with it. It counters this with Huntington’s Clash of Civilisations hypothesis and argues that it suggests a political sector characterised by increased unevenness. Subsequently, this essay addresses change in economic growth. It begins by defining economic growth, and discussing the conditions for convergence, before presenting the neoclassical Solow growth model and its prediction of absolute convergence. It argues that the evidence contradicts this and shows conditional convergence. It argues that on a macro view, the international economy is uneven, but within certain groups it is flat; moreover, it argues that there are prospects for increased convergence and flattening. This essay begins by examining change in the political character of states. The origin of the modern state system is traced by many scholars back to the Peace of Westphalia, 1648. Against the downfall of feudalism and empire, the Peace of Westphalia codified a number of principles that created formally equal sovereign states (Anievas, 2014, p. 136). Historical developments since then – the independence of the global South; the break-up of the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires; and the collapse of the USSR; among others – have produced 195 sovereign states as of 2018. Thus, “in a basic sense… this is a flattening story” where units in the international system consist of the same kind of polity (Anievas, 2014, p. 137). The most well-known proponent of a flattening world politically is Fukuyama (1989). He argues that liberal democracy will be the “final form of human government” (Fukuyama, 1989, p. 4); that after the 20th century defeat of fascism and communism, and given that the Islamic caliphate is not a realistic alternative, the universalisation of liberal, capitalist democracy would occur. (A liberal democracy can be considered a state with universal suffrage and the rule of law.) This thinking is evident in several strands of liberalism (though not all), such as democratic-peace theory and commercial liberalism (Brown, 2014, p. 113). On this view, the proliferation of liberal democracy and free-market capitalism are the main drivers of change in the international system. The result is a flatter, more homogenous international system devoid of conflict in the long run, firstly because fellow democracies do not fight each other, and secondly because of increased economic interdependence. The problem with this hypothesis is that it does not appear to comport with reality. >GET ANSWER