Many religions are very ritual oriented. Such faiths as Orthodox Judaism, Roman Catholicism, Episcopalianism, and Islam are built around a life of ritual or sacraments. Other religions such as the Quakers and many Protestant denominations minimize ritual. What reasons do some religious traditions give for thinking ritual is important? Do you agree with these reasons? Why or why not?
ns. Interestingly, there is some evidence to support that they earned the name Mosquitofish due to their ability to mitigate mosquito population and diseases.(Pyke,2008) . Typically, Eastern mosquitofish reproduce through internal fertilization, a male will fertilize up to six broods of females when mating. Temperature has been known to play a significant role in their reproductive processes. An Australian study found that breeding amongst G.Holbrooki took place when temperatures were above 15-16 degrees Celsius. (Pen & Potter,1991). On the other hand, it has also been found that an increase in temperature raises predation by other organisms. Which, in turn, lowers the population of Eastern mosquitofish (Meffe,2011). , Even though, Eastern mosquitofish are a notoriously invasive species, temperature is not the only factor that can limit their invasion. It’s been found that salinity also restricts the invasive success of the fish(Alcaraz, C. & García-Berthou, 2007). Specifically, higher salinity than average ambient freshwater salinities caused a later reproduction and embryonic development than seen in mosquitofish from freshwater or brackish water salinities, where G.Holbrooki typically reside . (Nordlie & Mirandi, 1996). Despite, these environmental exceptions G.Holbrooki are usually invasive and prefer still, shallow, as well as warmer waters. (Murphy, C. A., et al., 2015). The goal of this study was to explore the question “Does temperature affect the life history of Eastern Mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) in FIU’s Hennington Pond? In order to determine this we evaluated the population structure of G. Holbrooki by taking the data of 150 individuals and performing a vertical life table which included the survival rate, fecundity, and age distribution. As well as the, aforementioned intrinsic growth rate, net reproductive rate, and mean generation time. The vertical life table conducted by our research group was compared to winter season data using statistical tests with respect to R0, r and G. The null hypothesis was rejected in each test, concluding that there was a significant difference in net reproductive rate (R0), intrinsic growth rate (r), and Mean generation time (G), between both temperatures. Methods>GET ANSWER