- Describe what you plan to do for the biological background,
- What you plan to do for the previous mathematical model
- Describe what contribution you plan to make
- What analysis and simulations you plan to perform?
- Describe How you plan to conclude your project report
The real power of visualization is to give a voice to the long misunderstood data of the world. And with that power comes a great responsibility for the creators of such visualizations (Werthessen, 2016, p.x). The many choices that need to be made in representing scientific information affect user response across the expert to non-expert spectrum. To better help researchers understand their audiences, and how best to communicate the science underpinning the images, scientists and technicians must understand the perceptions of those audiences, in terms of both the astronomical images and their descriptive texts. This next section will discuss briefly the research on expert and non-expert differences in communicating the science underlying astronomical images, and provide findings related to gender. It is noted that these findings relate to adults. Visual Processing Starting with visual processing, what an expert sees when looking at an astronomical image is not necessarily what the non-expert sees. Research (Smith, Smith, Arcand, Smith, Bookbinder, & Keach, 2011) has shown that the expert tends to move from the science to the aesthetics of an image. Experts are likely to comment first on what kind of data are in the image, what individual colors might exemplify, what the image is meant represent, etc., then move on to statements such as, “This is pretty cool.” or “That’s a lovely image of a galaxy.” Smith et al. further reported that non-experts more often move from the aesthetics to the underlying science associated with the astronomical image. For example, a non-expert might start by saying, “Wow, that’s beautiful!” or “How intense and colorful.” before eventually questioning, “What does it mean?” or “What does a scientist see when he or she looks at this?” Non-experts, therefore, tend to begin with a sense of awe and wonder, and focus first on the aesthetic qualities of the astronomical image being shown. Experts, however, first wonder how the image was produced, what information is being presented in the image, and what the creators of the image wanted to convey (Smith et al., 2011).>GET ANSWER