Case Study 1
Jamie is a student nurse and a single mother, and is working part time to help defray the expenses of her college education. At the beginning of the fall semester, Jamie had a physical examination. She is 4 feet 10 inches tall and weighs 150 pounds. She loves to cook culturally different foods and spends her weekends cooking for her family. Jamie’s mother visits for the Christmas holidays. Jamie has been wearing several layers of clothes that appear too large. So Jamie’s mother took her on a shopping trip to the mall to buy Jamie a new wardrobe. Jamie’s mother notices that her daughter has lost several pounds during the fall semester. Jamie has a medium frame and very little fat without much muscle. Her mother is worried and asks her daughter about the apparent weight loss. Jamie denies that she appears thinner than usual. Jamie’s husband tells her mother that Jamie has been eating small portions of food for the last 4 months. Jamie says that she eats while she is preparing meals and that she is not hungry by the time she sits down at the table. Jamie is seen by her primary care physician at the insistence of her mother. The nurse weighs Jamie and notes that she has gone from 140 pounds to 95 pounds since her physical in the fall. Her blood pressure is 95/70 mm Hg. She complains of dizziness and chronic constipation. Her last menstrual period was 3 months ago and only lasted 1 day.
What medical diagnosis is most consistent with the above medical history and symptoms?
What would be the contrasting presenting history and symptoms of bulimia nervosa? (Hint: refer to Chapter 18)
Case Study 2
Judy is the charge nurse in the ICU on the day shift. In the morning she receives report from the night charge nurse. Judy has noticed lately that her coworker has a slightly slurred speech in the morning and can hardly stay awake long enough to give report. Some of the night nurses have seen the charge nurse wasting patient’s unused narcotics without a witness on several occasions. The nurses on the night shift have recently started to complain about the night charge nurse’s short absences from the unit during the night shift.
What legal and ethical responsibilities do the nurses have to the professional individual abusing substances?
Why is reporting the substance abuse important in this situation? (Hint: refer to Chapter 17)
Text Book: Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing
ourt held that the colour black when used on outboard boat motors serves a functional purpose, since the colour black is compatible with all other boat colours and also because the colour black makes the motor appear smaller. The first successful case of colour trademark was in the US. In Qualitex Co. v Jacobson Products Company, Inc. the petitioner company had been using a special shade of green-gold for their dry cleaning press pads since the 1950s. In 1989, Jacobson Products Co. started using a very similar shade of green-gold on its own press pads. Qualitex Co. got it’s shade of green-gold trademarked and also sued Jacobson for infringement. Another issue faced by colour marks is the possibility of there being litigation over shades of the same colour. A solution to this problem is designation of a colour using an internationally recognised identification code like Pantone as such codes are deemed to be precise and stable. The Pantone is a commercial system that designates specific shades numerically and categorises over thousand such shades by unique codes. Tiffany and Co.’s unique shade of blue ‘Tiffany Blue’ has been a registered trademark since 1998 and also has its own custom Pantone number – 1837, the year the company was founded. T-Mobile’s colour ‘Magenta’, Mattel’s ‘Barbie Pink’, UPS’s ‘Pullman Brown’ are some more examples of colour marks. India is yet to set precedence as far as colour marks are concerned. Smell Mark Smell marks or Olfactory marks rely on their distinct smell to remind the consumers of the source i.e. the brand or the manufacturer of the product. Once distinctive, a smell is one of the most powerful manners to differentiate the goods of one merchant from those of the other. Smell marks are one of the most difficult kind of marks to get registered. However, smell being so subjective, may be perceived differently by different people. The subjectivity of smell acts as a hindrance in its distinctiveness. Another issue is the difficulty in graphically representing smells. One way to represent a smell could be to orally describe it so precisely that it doesn’t get confused with any other smell, but this is quite an arduous task. Writing the chemical formula for the substance is problematic as the formula represents the substance and not the smell itself. Samples of the smell could be stored but these may either vanish over time or change their nature when exposed to certain external factors like heat and humidity. Another important thing to note is that the scent must neither originate from the goods itself nor be functional. Functionality Doctrine again plays a role here and if any smell has a functional use, the registration of which could lead to significant disadvantage to competitors, such smell may be disbarred from registration. However, there is no clear-cut definition for functionality. For example, the smell of lemon for garbage plastic bags; the smell itself can be distinctive, but it can also be functional because it can mask the smell of waste and garbage. Fashion house Chanel’s application to get its iconic perfume Chanel No. 5 trademarked was rejected as it was the essence of the product. The first scent mark to be granted in the US was for a “high impact, fresh, floral fragrance reminiscent of Plumeria blossoms” for “sewing thread and embroidery yarn.” There were four reasons for trade mark to be granted – (1) no one else in the market was producing scented threads and yarns; (2) the scent was an added feature and was neither functional nor inherent to the goods; (3) the scented feature was advertised and promoted; and (4) consumers had come to associate the goods with the manufacturer. Some other smell marks are Sumitomo Rubber Industries Ltd.’s rose-scented tyres and Vennootschap onder Firma Senta Aromatic Marketing’s “smell of fresh cut grass” for tennis balls which has now lapsed. India is yet to set precedence as far as smell marks are concerned.>GET ANSWER