Would Mill argue that there exists a moral obligation for the United States to aggressively act on the recommendations listed in the “Task Force Report to the President on the Climate Crisis and Global Migration – A Pathway to Protection for People on the Move” In replying to this central question, you should include consideration of how this proposal might affect a wide variety of people. Since Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory, you should be very clear about what you believe Mill’s desired outcome would be for this proposal and should include a discussion of both potential disadvantages/costs and benefits to any such proposals.
iscuss, using examples, why the concept of need is important within social policy. What other factors influence the making of social policy? ‘Social policies aim to improve human welfare and to meet human needs for education, health, housing and social security’ (Ken Blakemore, 2007, p.1). In other words, this could be viewed as describing social policy as the route to social change. A social problem is often defined when society’s needs are not being met, which are then as a result extended into the wider public and ‘becomes a more widely shared experience in the community’ (Pete Alcock, 2016). Often the solution to an unmet need, or social problem, is the implementation of social policy. The concept of human needs can be defined in two ways, absolute needs and relative needs. Absolute needs are the basic needs that humans have to ensure survival. Whereas, relative needs are more of a social construction in which individuals ‘need’ particular material items, in order to adhere with their particular social surroundings. This essay will explore the answer as to why the concept of need is so important within social policy, drawing to the conclusion that understanding what needs are not being met is a vital process in understanding social problems; to then introduce a policy accordingly. The making of a social policy is also dependent on a number of different factors such as; external factors, pressure groups, research studies, individuals, the media, as well as constraints. This essay will analysis arguably the most important factors of; external pressures, individuals and the media, and constraints. The concept of need is so important within social policy as it is vital in effecting specific policies that are implemented. Having an understanding of needs also helps researchers of social policies and problems to interpret why a social problem has come about. A key example of this in the UK could be demonstrated with the social problem of homelessness. By understanding the importance of need in this scenario, researchers were able to deduce that the cause of this social problem was not due to the individual, but ‘the single most common cause of homeless people is poverty’ (Christian, 2003, p.107), meaning that people are unable to afford the high prices that the commercial market offers. As a result of this, the government has responded by implementing a benefits schemes as a social policy, where an allowance is provided to those who struggle having a steady income, to allow them to afford housing(Gov.co.uk, 2018). In conjunction to this, the government have also implemented a policy of social housing. This policy essentially allows properties to be sold to those who are getting a steady income but at a cheaper price than what the commercial sector is offering. This social policy has then meant that individuals can have a house to live in, instead of the alternative scenari>GET ANSWER