Describe the profound change of Chinese intellectuals’ attitudes towards and topical discourses about and in Confucianism, from Ming to Qing and the New Cultural Movement during the Republic of China. How did these things change? Why changed? How is the change related to the social and cultural transformation of each society?
2. Compare The Story of the Stone (Dream in the Red Chamber) to one of three Ming novels that we have read in class, and analyze the similarity and difference in terms of theme, character, plot construction, setting, etc., and examine the development of novel form in the Qing culture. How is the literary development associated with the context of the changing Qing society?
3. From Ming Christianity to the Western invasion and Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, to the Reform movement and the New Cultural Movement, the Chinese conception of and attitude towards the West or European civilization had significantly changed, and thereby rebuilt its own worldview and self-identity in relation to the Other, i.e. the West. Describe the complex Chinese understandings of the West in the modern history and how they had changed over time, and thereby how they had led to China’s new understanding of itself in the world.
4. Choose one Ming novel, i.e. Romance or Water Margin, and one of the contemporary films, To Live or Summer Palace, and compare how they deals with the issue that one’s personal life is necessarily involved in political reality or political changes in the society. In what sense are their ways of dealing with this issue similar and different?
History of Volleyball Distributed: third October, 2016 Last Edited: 29th September, 2017 Disclaimer: This exposition has been presented by an understudy. This isn't a case of the work composed by our expert article journalists. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any feelings, discoveries, conclusions or proposals communicated in this material are those of the writers and don't really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. Dan Gould Mr. Woodmansee William G. Morgan's "Mintonette" and it's development to the famous worldwide game, has changed in a wide range of approaches to wind up the more current game called, "Volleyball". Volleyball was established in 1895, by a man named, William G. Morgan, in Holyoke, Massachusetts. It was initially called "Mintonette", and was intended to be a blend of Basketball, Baseball, and Handball. Likewise, it was intended to be a non-contact sport so nobody got injured. There was no restriction to the quantity of players on a group, nor was there a cutoff to the quantity of contacts on each side. The primary authority volleyball coordinate was played on July seventh, 1896 at Springfield College, MA. Individuals cherished the game, so immediately it was spread the nation over, and was played in many YMCA's. The primary measurements of volleyball were exceptionally basic. The underlying standards by William G. Morgan required a net which was six feet and six inches high (which was the extent of a normal individual in those days). The court, likewise made up by William G. Morgan, was 25 feet by 50 feet in estimate. Another decide was that you could have the same number of players as you needed on each side. The official weight of the volleyball was no under nine ounces, yet close to twelve ounces (it was made out of the bladder from a Basketball). After some time, the greater part of these measurements were changed to make the more proper game called, "Volleyball". There were a few unique playing rules intended for volleyball. One of the primary guidelines was that the diversion comprised of nine innings. Contingent upon the quantity of players on each group, the group would have one serve for each player. After each colleagues serve was finished, the inning would be finished. The player serving kept on serving until the point when he missed the serve or his group neglected to restore the ball to the opposite side of the net. You could just score when your group had the serve. Another control was, if the ball hit the net, it was known as a net ball, and considered a point for the contradicting group. On the off chance that the ball was served into the net, it would be known as a dead ball, and would consider a preliminary. The following principle was if a player contacted the net, it would be known as a net, and would bring about a point for the other group. On the off chance that you got or held the ball for two or three seconds, it would be known as a convey, and would likewise bring about a point for the other group. In 1896, (multi year after the establishing of Mintonette) a man by the name of Dr. Alfred T. Halstead moved toward William G. Morgan at the principal show amusement. He disclosed to him that a superior, or a more proper name for the game ought to be "Volley Ball". William preferred the thought, and the name stuck. In 1952, the name was authoritatively changed, by joining the words "Volley", and "Ball", and making its new name, "Volleyball". Right up 'til today the game still has a similar name. Throughout the years, volleyball has changed enormously. As you don't know anything, remains the same any longer. Well in any case, the court estimate was changed to 60 feet by 30 feet. The net was likewise changed as well, yet this time, there was a size for a ladies' net and a men's net. The ladies' net was seven feet and four inches, while the men's net was seven feet and eleven inches. Likewise, the control about having the same number of players on the court was changed to; six players for each side (no more or no less). The ball's legitimate size remained with similar criteria, yet chiefly, it was around ten ounces. These measurements will remain the same for some time, however some might be changed up a bit as the years pass by. As I stated, "nothing can be impeccable; there is dependably space for a change". Similarly as they improved the situation the measurements, they additionally overhauled some playing rules. They disposed of the nine innings, and rather, they transformed it to; three out of five, diversions to fifteen. Additionally, you could at present just score on your serve, yet you had the same number of fills in as you needed. Another decide was that you could never again hit the ball the same number of times as you needed. Rather, you just could have three contacts for every side, and a player could just contact the ball once, or it would bring about an infringement called the "two hits infringement". The last manage included was the under the net govern; if a player ventured over the line in the center, (partitioning the two groups) at that point it would come about as an infringement, and a point would be granted to the contradicting group. As volleyball spread far and wide, there was a solid love for the game, and a few people needed to convey the game to the shoreline. Shoreline volleyball was established in the 1920's in Santa Monica, CA. It was at first played as only a recreational game, where individuals could play for the sake of entertainment. It was played just with two individuals on the court, and the tenets were somewhat unique in relation to indoor volleyball. It turned into an aggressive game in California in 1947. In the game you needed to impart and move quickly so as to do well. It was an incredible movement to play at the shoreline, and numerous individuals thought it was one of the coolest games ever to be concocted. Still it was basically an indistinguishable game from indoor volleyball; the main contrast was that it was played on sand, and not on strong ground. Presently for the measurements of Beach Volleyball (which are totally unique in relation to indoor volleyball). The court is around 26¼ feet by 52½ feet long. The net then again, is an indistinguishable criteria from indoor volleyball, with the exception of the two people nets are brought down by an inch, because of the uneven sand. Which implies a ladies' net would be seven feet and three inches, and the men's future seven feet and ten inches high. Additionally, the outside volleyball is around an inch more extensive than an indoor ball, yet it is lighter by around two ounces (which makes it less demanding for the ball to come up by the players). One totally extraordinary measurement from indoor volleyball is; (not including the court), there should be no less than three and one fourth feet for playing space. In shoreline volleyball the amusements were as yet the same as indoor; Three out of five, and diversions to fifteen. Additionally in shoreline, you could in any case just score when your group had the serve, which was called "side out volleyball". Another decide was that you couldn't set the ball over the net, except if on the off chance that you were square to where the ball would arrive. Concerning the under the net call, in shoreline, it was just called in the event that you went under the net and meddled with another player (as such, you got in the players way). A portion of these tenets, much the same as indoor, still will change this day. In 1942, volleyball was brought into the Olympics, yet just as a presentation sport. It quickly was adored by every one of the fans, and a wide range of nations began to build up their own groups. At long last, in the 1964 Tokyo Olympic Games, volleyball turned into an official game in the Olympics. It was supported firmly by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Shoreline volleyball would later on join the Olympics too. Before long, shoreline volleyball went up against its very own existence. In 1992, it was brought into the Olympics as a display sport. Additionally, much the same as indoor volleyball, the fans cherished it, and numerous different nations created groups too as well. Immediately, in the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games, shoreline volleyball turned into an authority Olympic game. Additionally, right up 'til today, shoreline volleyball is believed to be the most sizzling ticket in the Olympics. Throughout the years, there have been numerous volleyball/shoreline volleyball classes. The greater part of them have as of late begun once again this century. A few illustrations are; AVP, FIVBA, USVBA, Junior Olympics, and AAU. These alliances are for the most part for experts. Like AVP, which is fundamentally the NBA for ball players, however rather for shoreline volleyball players. Likewise, the USVBA remains for United States Volleyball Association, which is essentially our U.S. Olympic indoor volleyball group. Throughout the years such a significant number of the standards have changed, and really, today, they are as yet being changed. One noteworthy change was the presentation of the libero. It was presented in 1998. A libero is a player that wears an alternate shading shirt than whatever remains of the group, and they are fundamentally cautious pros. Whenever amid the amusement, on the off chance that anybody should have been removed from the back column, they could be exchanged with the libero, however it would not consider a substitution. The main turn was that the libero was not permitted to play in the front line. One other decide that was exchanged was the side out run, the decide was changed with the goal that you don't need to win the point on your serve, however you could likewise get a point on the contradicting groups serve. Ultimately, the amusements were changed to three out of five, recreations to twenty-five. In shoreline volleyball, the recreations were additionally three out of five, yet the diversions were to twenty-one. In overall prominence, volleyball is the second most prominent game on the planet, the first being soccer. With around 46 million Americans that play, and more than 800 million individuals that play far and wide, clearly volleyball contacts lives. Volleyball has unquestionably become the best group activity there will ever be. The explanation behind this is on account of there can't simply be one star player on the group at the same time, there must be no less than three contacts from no less than two distinct players.>GET ANSWER