What is the importance of exchange rates?
Who benefits and who loses when a country’s currency appreciates?
Who benefits and who loses when a country’s currency depreciates?
In the long run, what are the major factors that impact exchange rates?
Understanding central banks impact exchange rates, select three central banks and demonstrate/ explain how this occurs.
The intelligence community is vital to building cohesive infrastructure and peaceful societies. A deradicalization program via a mixture of elements described herein center on ideological and religious education that challenge the effectiveness of Hezbollah. Groups that pose a significant threat include Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Al-Shabaab, Hezbollah, and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). Hezbollah is unique in that they are one of the most well developed social and community supported networks, and an official member of an organized government, i.e., Lebanese Government via “overwhelming/evolved success as a global terrorist or Shi’a defense organization and subsequent political power in the Lebanese political system through its use of social services” (Love, 2010, p. 1). Leveraging a deradicalization program is simply one of several innovative approaches to counterterrorism. Hezbollah is a well-funded terrorist network founded on social services. Impacting Hezbollah requires a multi-pronged approach. The Joint Special Operations University Report (2010) states, Hezbollah’s organizational structure, funding sources, and social service achievements provide a systemic understanding of how the organization morphed from a resistance movement into a stateless government that leverages charity to meet the needs of the neglected, oppressed, and marginalized. (p. 14) The intelligence community must recognize the reasons for radicalization while simultaneously identifying requisite funding sources before executing a deradicalization program. A diplomatic approach depends “on preemptive intelligence gathering, the rule of law, cooperation with the media, and promotion of domestic security” (Munoz & Crosston, 2015, p. 24). The Collins Dictionary defines deradicalization as “the practice of encouraging individuals with extreme and violent religious or political ideologies to adopt views that are more moderate” (n.d.). Johnston (2009) found key distinctions between disengagement and deradicalization. Disengagement occurs when an individual or a group no longer engages in violence or the individual no longer participates in the violent activities of the group. Deradicalization occurs when a group or an individual no longer believes in a violent ideology. (p. 9) Understanding and appreciating the differences between disengagement and deradicalization is one-step towards the intelligence community deradicalizing Hezbollah. Deradicalization in prisons is one of only a few methods or techniques likely capable of reversing the Hezbollah radicalization process. Diplomacy in conjunction with deradicalization may effectively counteract Hezbollah’s engagement with the Lebanese Government. Regardless of approach, a successful deradicalization program consists of counselors, legal scholars, law enforcement officers, and members of the intelligence community. Establishing success is not easy; there is no one size fits all as political context situates each program.>GET ANSWER