Nathaniel Hawthorne and Herman Melville are by common consent regarded as the first major American novelists. Describe and then assess (= evaluate the aesthetic and philosophical quality of) the interplay of realism and fantasy in some of their works.
his article focuses on the struggle and desire of African Americans with meeting the Eurocentric standards of beauty. Research focuses on how black women adapt their lifestyles and cultural identity to meet the dominated beauty standards. Using qualitative research methods, the study collected data from 38 black women between the age of 19 to 81. Participants were asked questions regarding skin colour complexion and hair texture when determining beauty. Results illustrate that lighter skinned black females are socially more accepted by both black and white people. They are also perceived to be socially more successful, attractive and beautiful. Participants further reveal that since dark skin is devalued as it does not meet the Eurocentric ideals of beauty, they have a strong desire for lighter skinned children. Additionally, hair texture and length are also associated with dominant beauty ideals. Participants in the study express the desire for long straight hair as it is considered more attractive. Results of the study show that darker skinned participants with short curly hair report isolation, social rejection and lower-levels of confidence and self-esteem, whereas lighter skinned participants with long straight hair report social acceptance and higher levels of confidence, self-esteem and success. The study concludes Eurocentric conceptions of beauty are embodied by African Americans. These notions of beauty negatively affect black men a>GET ANSWER