research and report on network design and management trends over the last three years (present year minus 2) in the areas of virtualization, security, hardware, network management tools, software defined networking, and wireless. Choose, at least, three areas and explain the general trend and trends within two subsets of the area (i.e., security has subsets of physical, perimeter, monitoring) over the last three years.
constitution is and raises questions about the separation of powers at Westminster. Due to the magnitude of laws that are based on the UK being in the EU, the act gives UK ministers powers to amend domestic law in order to ensure that the laws make sense after exit day. It enables ministers to make provisions that they deem appropriate in order to avoid failure in retained EU law with few exceptions. The use of the word ‘appropriate’ is broad and subjective, pointing towards some of the constitutional implications arising in the section. It emphasises just how powerful ministers are as decisions can be made on the basis of their own subjective opinion. The Constitution Committee informed Parliament of the constitutional risks of granting such powers to the executive and warned that it could fundamentally alter the constitutional balance of powers between the government and parliament, describing it as an “unacceptable transfer of legal competence”. The Act does however, make provisions for a sifting process in which committees of each house can recommend the use of the affirmative procedure. The constitutional shift of power is emphasised through the fact that recommendations are not binding upon ministers and they can continue with the negative procedure if they so wish – simply by making a statement explaining their reasons for disagreeing with the sifting committee. The Act introduces the ‘made affirmative’ procedure for urgent deficiencies, which could be viewed as impacting on the UK constitution as the procedure allows an instrument to be made and come into force without any parliamentary debate despite it usually being subject to affirmative procedure. This is on the condition that the minister is “of the opinion that, by reason of urgency, it is necessary to make the regulations without a draft being so laid and approved.” It must be added that there is a slight check on this power. After 28 days, the instrument will cease to have effect unless it is approved by both houses . However, the impact an instrument can make in 28 days in the current political climate is considerable so the significance of this new power cannot be underestimated. The principle of supremacy of EU law has never sat comfortably with the doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty in the UK. “Taking back control” was a fundamental concern during the referendum campaign but the act provides little alleviation from EU supremacy. The doctrine of supremacy of EU law will have no application to laws passed on, or after exit day, however the principal of the supremacy of EU law continues to apply in some cases when altering law passed before exit day. The Act is not clear as to which forms of retained EU law this will apply to, however it can be presumed that it should apply in corresponding with the forms of EU law, such as directly effective regulations, that themselves had supremacy. It could be said that overtime the importance of EU law supremacy will fade as it will be replaced with purely domestic law which the doctrine of supremacy does not apply to. However, when considering the sheer volume of retained EU law, it becomes clear that a significant component of domestic law will be made up of retained EU law>GET ANSWER