Between the years of 1977 and 1984, there were numerous alternatives to the full orchestral score style. Describe these alternatives and give examples mentioned in the text from this period.
are that the effects are dependent on the duration of the drug in the body. Thus, a patient may only be awake for 1-2 hours before re-entering the vegetative or minimally conscious state. It has been suggested that continual use of these drugs could constitute a therapy program (Clauss et al., 2006). However, further studies must be conducted to determine the long term neurological effects. Conclusions Vegetative and minimally conscious states are disorders of consciousness that are commonly caused by traumatic brain injuries. Polymorphisms in cytokines, neurotrophic genes, and GABAergic transmission have been implicated as factors that may make brain injury patients more susceptible to entering vegetative or minimally conscious states (Bennett et al., 2016; Pistoia et al., 2010). Despite the current scientific knowledge surrounding the vegetative and minimally conscious state, there are still gaps in the neurological and biological processes that characterize these disorders. Difficulty in accurately diagnosing vegetative and minimally conscious patients can prevent studies from producing generalizable results. Additionally, differences in the type of trauma, the severity of injury, brain regions affected, and age can be prevent a complete assessment of a drug’s neurological effects or cognitive abilities. Future studies exploring the role of the external environment, such as the clinical setting, interaction between individuals and patients, on recovery from vegetative and minimally conscious states could elucidate non-biological factors that influence cognition in these patients. It has been revealed that the brains of patients in vegetative and minimally conscious states produce event related potentials when exposed to auditory cues of their names (Kotchoubey et al., 2005). Additionally, researchers have suggested via functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI) and auditory cues that some vegetative and minimally conscious patients are capable using auditory attention to respond and communicate with other individuals (Naci and Owen, 2013). These findings suggest that there may be methods to stimulate consciousness. The vegetative and minimally conscious states are debilitating conditions that require further investigation of underlying mechanisms to provide treatment options to patients.>GET ANSWER