Choose 1 option
Option 1: In your readings this week, there is an extensive discussion on the physical decline that adults in their middle adulthood may likely face. What are some small steps that a 30-year-old patient can take now that can help reduce some of the negative physical consequences that they could experience at 50-years-old? Address at least 2 of the 6 listed:
Substance use, abuse, dependence (caffeine, nicotine, THC, etc.)
Option 2: You are likely aware that a person’s cognitive functioning can affect their social and emotional well-being. For this discussion, you will be responsible for integrating the concepts of chapters 15 and 16. The textbook tells us that the number of relationships may decline in middle adulthood, just as processing speed and working memory may also decline. What are some ways that people can integrate social activities/ make friends or nurture the relationships that they have, while simultaneously improving their cognitive functioning?
Some examples may include activities like:
Chess clubs, etc.
Follow-Up Post Instructions
Respond to at least two peers or one peer and the instructor. Further the dialogue by providing more information and clarification.
occurs at a lower age, the chances of adult obesity increase. Another study suggests that BMI at 7 years of age predicts adult obesity (24 in review). Studies on predictive factors needs more research currently, but it is suggested that the focus of Pediatricians should be on prevention of obesity rather than treatment. (review article) PREVALENCE AND EPIDEMIOLOGY: Obesity has become the number one public health problem in the world and there is a rise in prevalence in developing countries. The number of obese 5 to 19 year olds rose more than tenfold globally, from 11 million in 1975 to 124 million in 2016. An additional 213 million were overweight in 2016. The number of overweight or obese children aged 0 to 5 years increased from 32 million globally in 1990 to 41 million in 2016. This suggests that onset of obesity at a younger age is becoming more prevalent. Over the last decade there has been a growing concern regarding the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among Indian adolescents. Prevalence data of childhood overweight and obesity from 52 studies conducted in 16 States in India were analyzed by WHO Centres in India. The pooled data after 2010 estimated a combined prevalence of 19.3 per cent of childhood overweight and obesity which was a significant increase from the earlier prevalence of 16.3 per cent reported in 2001-2005 (4). ETIOLOGY Childhood obesity is a complex multifactorial disease caused by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. The commonest form of obesity encountered is “Simple Obesity” that is due to environmental factors. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Evidence suggests that obesity is a disorder of the energy homeostasis system, rather than simply arising from the accumulation of excess weight. Obesity, therefore occurs when energy intake is more than energy expenditure i.e. sustained positive energy balance. The homeostatic pathway of energy balance consists of:>GET ANSWER