Our company does a lot of abrasive blasting. Industry wide, most companies have switched to blasting media that is 99.9% silica free, so by using the different types of media such as garnet or walnut shells, we are using a substitution control for the silica hazard. When we are abrasive blasting lead based paint, we use many controls to reduce exposure to lead. We use engineering controls with containments and dust collectors, as well as moving from dry blasting to vapor blasting where a small amount of water is added to the blast stream to keep particles from becoming airborne. We use administrative controls through training our employees in lead abatement and medical surveillance, as well as regulating the area we are doing the work in and performing area air monitoring. We then move to PPE by requiring employees to wear a blast hood with supplied air, and head to toe disposable clothing.
1. The sociological perspective, as a way of thinking about the world, includes the sociological imagination from C. Wright Mills, the beginner’s mind from Bernard McGrane, and the idea of culture shock from anthropology. What do all three of these concepts have in common? Sociological perspective from the book’s definition means a way of looking at the world through a sociological lens. By that they mean allowing one’s self to have an open mind that is willing to accept new ideas. Sociological imagination is a quality of the mind that allows us to understand the relationship between our individual circumstances and larger social forces, just because something happens a certain way in our lives it does not mean that it happens every single time to every single person. Beginner’s mind is approaching the world without preconceptions in order to see things in a new way. Having a beginner’s mind simply means that one must have little to no expectations and instead of thinking of things a certain way, to take it as they see it. Culture shock is a sense of disorientation that occurs when you enter a radically new social or cultural environment. All three concepts have something to do with having an open mind. As a group, we tend to view major topics the same way. We were taught to think of these things a certain way, all three concepts tell us to change or view things with no expectations. 2. Classical sociological theory arose in the nineteenth century, in the aftermath of the American and French Revolutions and during the Industrial Revolution. Explain how the theories of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber all reflect a concern for the consequences of modern life. Karl Marx’s conflict theory is mainly about the struggle of power and money between social classes (the bourgeoisie and the proletariat). His life experiences had a lot to do with how he viewed society. He was said to have led an economically-fragile life. He believes that the bourgeoisie will outrun the proletariat and the conflict would then end. Emile Durkheim conducted a study on different groups and concluded that an individual’s solidarity to their society is a major key in suicide. Much like Marx’s theory, Weber says that societies consist of a hierarchical system where the higher class dominates while the lower class has to subordinate. All of these theories still hold true up to date to some extent. There still is a conflict between social classes, the poor seems to be working much harder and does the dirty work but gets paid the least. Durk>GET ANSWER