Watch TED Talks: On Being Wrong by Kathryn Schultz. What was most insightful or helpful to you? Explain.
social factors primacy, defining his notion of descent as ‘the ancient affiliation to a group, sustained by the bonds of blood, tradition, or social class’ (ibid., p. 145). Genealogy, then, for Foucault, is to trace ‘the minute deviations . . . that gave birth to those things that continue to exist and have value for us’ (ibid., p. 146). According to this reasoning, by tracing the multiplicity of historical social influences that shape people’s moral values, it is possible to decipher more about the development of morality over time. The second of Foucault’s (1977) concepts, emergence, or ‘the moment of arising’ (p. 148), argues that moral values are, in part, a result of power struggles between certain forces over time. Foucault characterises emergence as ‘the endlessly repeated play of dominations’, during which ‘the domination of certain types of men over others leads to the differentiation of values’ and ‘class domination generates the idea of liberty’ (ibid., p. 150). Therefore, emergence describes an ongoing process, throughout history, whereby certain forces compete to assert their dominance over other forces. Over time, depending on which forces are dominant at that moment, moral beliefs and value systems are established. Each of these concepts, descent and emergence, have an important part to play in Nietzsche’s On the Genealogy of Morality in describing the status of moral values throughout history. In this respect, I believe that Nietzschean genealogy successfully recognises the extent to which moral values have been – and continue to be – contingent upon a wide variety of social factors. The history of humankind proves that the evolution of moral attitudes and beliefs is inextricably linked to social change. Owing to all of these factors which shape values over time, attempting to explain the history of morality is clearly a complicated undertaking, requiring a full inquiry into many different areas of study. However, I believe that Nietzschean genealogy has played a valuable role in illuminating these complexities, whilst also demonstrating what could be gained from a robust critique of morality – for which Nietzsche’s work can ably serve as a framework. In conclusion, I have shown that Nietzschean genealogy employs a variety of analytical methods in order to scrutinise assumptions about morality and that, ultimately, it is an effective form of critique as it enables Nietzsche to successfully present a framework for a robust inte>GET ANSWER