An organizational structure refers to the hierarchical arrangement of authority, rights and duties lines of a company or organization. Organization structure plays a significant role in the determination of how power, roles and responsibilities are delegated, regulated and coordinated. It also plays a role in determining the flow of information between various levels of management departments in an organization. In the development of an organization structure, one of the main factors that are often taken into consideration is the objective of a company or organization. Besides, the organization’s strategies are always taken into consideration during this process as well. In an organization whose structure is centralized, the top management layer often possesses most of the decision making authority. As such, this layer is always in charge of exercising authority over other divisions and departments. On the other hand, in an organization whose structure is decentralized, the power of making decision is often distributed across all divisions and departments. Moreover, these departments can have varying magnitudes of independence. Organizations that are involved in the selling of many commodities can be forced to established their structures in a manner that enables categories be divided in relation to what they handle. This measure can also be adopted in organizations such as hospitals that handle many clients. The diagram below represents an organizational structure chart for the hospital for elderly people.
Hospital for Elderly people organization chart
In this hospital, the organizational structure is a decentralized one as the CEO (Chief Executive Officer) occupies the highest level. Thus, the CEO exercises power over other departmental managers such as the IT (Information Technology), support service and medical records mangers. Furthermore, this hierarchy is divided further into other divisions such as the IT assistant who help in the management process It is important to note that the elderly have unique medical needs, since they are more prone to illnesses than the younger generation. Thus, the organization has to be