A health system is a complex web of agencies and organizations that aim to improve the health of the nation’s people through delivery of health services and information. Generally, all health systems are led by a Ministry of Health (MOH) and filter information and programs down to various public health institutions (PHI) and non-governmental organizations (NGO). Each country or region may have a different health system structure than neighboring countries depending on the frameworks, as you learned last week.
Due to the vast diversity in health systems globally, it is challenging to make widespread health improvements, even at the local level. Education, government and civil society, and other social programs play a major role in the establishment of health systems. As we take a closer look at global health systems, keep in mind how culture and equity factor in to the development and change of health systems.
The success of health systems is contingent on the structure and involvement of agencies, organizations and local communities. The World Health Organization (WHO) developed a health system framework that provides the foundation to build a successful system. By using the WHO health system model, countries will be able to improve health without compromising culture or equity. Any system will face myriad challenges so it is important to consider how developing countries are able to create a successful health system against adversity. Low income countries are plagued with corruption, lack of order and security, civil injustice and a deficiency of basic fundamental rights. It is not hard to visualize how these factors might inhibit the development of an effective health system.
Rule of Law Index Map (World Justice Project (Links to an external site.))
Many low-income countries do have health systems that provide access to resources and services for the majority of the population and not just the affluent. First we must understand how health services are distributed. There are three types of health systems: national health insurance, national health service and diversified. Countries of all economic status rely on employers and consumers to fund their own health care. However, many have moved, or are moving, to a universal system that requires little economic input from the country’s residents. Alternatively, some of the most developed and decentralized health care systems function primarily on taxes. This is the case in Scandinavian countries. The only country that has a true public sector health system is Cuba. Their health system does not have any private practice hospitals or physicians. While they rank behind many of the high-income countries, their health system exceeds many in the region.
Throughout all health systems, primary care is or is becoming a priority. Health officials and government agencies are beginning to realize that primary and secondary prevention levels save money through better health. As populations improve their overall health, there is decreased use of high cost medical services and equipment.
Building partnerships between the MOH, PHIs and NGOs is essential for improving population health outcomes. Non-governmental organizations are crucial to the delivery of primary health care in developing countries. Many NGOs develop and implement health programs that function as the keystone of prevention. However, NGOs frequently function independently from other organizations and lack the capacity to reach large numbers. By collaborating with the ministry of health or other public health institutions, primary care and prevention programs are more easily able to decrease the burden of disease and improve health outcomes across the population. Ideally, this collaboration would also increase access to local health centers and regional hospitals and improve the quality of primary and secondary care. Quality of care is continually an issue due to the lack of professional knowledge and training.
A Peace Corps volunteer working together with Gambian women and mothers for nutrition and advocacy. (Peace Corps, US government photo on Flickr (Links to an external site.))
Community health workers (CHW) are an effective way to increase access to care for both rural and urban populations without compromising quality, culture or equity. CHWs are residents from local communities that are trained to provide primary care. Because they are familiar with the geographic area and the people that live in the community, the local people trust the community health workers with their health needs.
In rural areas especially, CHWs can make a significant difference in community health. Rural health centers often sit empty most of the year due to cost of upkeep and staffing as well as lack of transportation infrastructure. Rural health centers may be staffed for only for two-three days per quarter to conduct health screenings or provide vaccines, birth control, and pharmaceuticals.
By having a trained CHW in the community, there is always access to basic health care and health education. As with other public health initiatives, the community health worker program has significant challenges too. It is very hard for one CHW to make population level changes.
To improve the health of the population, the entire health system must work together. A partnership between public health entities must have a collective vision and work towards common goals. Health issues change frequently as the world grows and merges. A comprehensive approach to health systems must include public health institutions from the ground up and be able to evolve with health changes.
My exploration paper cover various perspectives on holy messengers and evil presences from various religions. Jesus Christ, during his natural service, experienced numerous evil spirits. Obviously, none of them was more prominent than Jesus Christ. Furthermore, when night came, they brought to him numerous who were had with fiends, and by the word he cast out demons, and recuperated all the wiped out" (Matthew 8:16). The authority of Jesus Christ over evil spirits was one of the verifications that he was the Son of God (Luke 11:20). The devils that met Jesus Christ knew what his identity was, and they dreaded him: "What do you have with us, Jesus, Son of God? Have you come here to torture us before your time? "(Matthew 8:29). The evil spirits realize that their end will be one of torture. The Christian perspective on Satan and his devils presently attempt to obliterate crafted by God and trick everything who can (1 Peter 5: 8, 2 Corinthians 11: 14-15). Devils are portrayed as messy spirits (Matthew 10: 1, Mark 1:27), lying spirits (1 Kings 22:23) and the blessed messengers of Satan (Revelation 12: 9). Satan and his devils hoodwink the world (2 Corinthians 4: 4), declare the bogus principle (1 Timothy 4: 1), assault Christians (2 Corinthians 12: 7, 1 Peter 5: 8) and battle the sacred blessed messengers (Revelation 12: 4-9) Christians accept that Demons or fallen blessed messengers are foes of God, yet they are vanquished adversaries. Jesus Christ "incapacitated the forces" and "embarrassed them in broad daylight by showing them in his victorious procession" (Colossians 2:15 NIV). While we submit to God and oppose the villain, we don't have anything to fear. " for more prominent is he that is in you, than he that is on the planet" (1 John 4: 4). Christians trust Angels are close to home profound creatures, who have knowledge, feelings and will. This is valid in the two sorts of blessed messengers great and fiendishness (devils). Holy messengers have insight (Matthew 8:29, 2 Corinthians 11: 3, 1 Peter 1:12), show feelings (Luke 2:13, James 2:19, Revelation 12: 7), and show that they have a will (Luke 8 : 28-31; 2 Timothy 2:26; Jude 6). Blessed messengers are profound creatures (Hebrews 1:14), without a genuine actual body. The way that they don't have bodies doesn't influence the way that they have characters. The information controlled by heavenly attendants is restricted, by the reality of being made creatures. This implies that they are not all-knowing as God (Matthew 24:36), in spite of the fact that they do appear to have more noteworthy information than people. This can be because of three causes. The heavenly attendants were made as a higher request of animals in the universe, to what in particular are people. Accordingly, it is intrinsic in them to have a more prominent information. Heavenly attendants study the Bible and the world more completely than people and gain information on it. (James 2:19, Revelation 12:12). Heavenly attendants get information through a long perception of human exercises. In contrast to people, heavenly attendants don't need to contemplate the past; they have just experienced it. That is the reason they know how others have acted and responded in circumstances, and can foresee with a serious level of emphaticness how we can act in comparable conditions. Despite the fact that they have a will, the holy messengers are, similar to all animals, subject to the desire of God. Great holy messengers are sent by God to help devotees (Hebrews 1:14). Holy messengers are viewed as sure powers of nature, visualization pictures or figments. In numerous western perspectives blessed messengers come in as fat angels, infants, attractive youngsters or ladies with a radiance encompassing their heads. In Islamic regulation, they are genuine made creatures who will in the long run endure passing, yet who are by and large stowed away from our faculties. They are neither heavenly nor semi-divine, nor are they connected with God accountable for managing various pieces of the universe. Additionally, they ought not be adored or asked, in light of the fact that they don't give our petitions to God. They submit to God and satisfy His rules. In the Islamic perspective on things, there are no fallen heavenly attendants: they are not isolated into "great" and "terrible" holy messengers. People don't become heavenly attendants in the afterlife. Satan is definitely not a fallen holy messenger, however he is a formation of God not quite the same as people and heavenly attendants. Heavenly attendants were made from light before individuals were made. Its realistic or emblematic portrayal in Islamic craftsmanship is scant. Notwithstanding, they are wonderful creatures with wings, as they are portrayed in the Islamic Scriptures. Blessed messengers have various chains of command and requests as in they are of various size, condition and legitimacy. The best of them is Gabriel. The Prophet of Islam, Muhammad, saw it in its unique structure. Moreover, the conveyors of the Throne of God are among the best heavenly attendants. They love adherents and go to God to excuse their transgressions. They convey the Throne of God, about whom the Prophet Muhammad, may the harmony and benevolence of God be with him, stated: "I have been permitted to talk around one of the blessed messengers of God who conveys the Throne. The distance between the flap of his ear and his shoulder is equal to 700 years of movement. " Muslims have names of the holy messengers referenced in the wellsprings of the Islamic enactment, some of them are Yibril (Gabriel), Mika'il (Miguel), Israfil, Malik (the gatekeeper of Hell), and others. Of them, just Gabriel and Miguel are referenced in the Bible. The blessed messengers have incredible forces that were allowed to them by God. They can take various structures. In the Islamic compositions it is depicted how right now that Jesus was imagined, God sent Gabriel where Mary as a man. The holy messenger Gabriel likewise visited Abraham in human structure. Similarly, the holy messengers visited Lot to advise him of the inevitable peril as youthful and attractive men. Gabriel used to visit the Prophet Muhammad in an unexpected way. Some of the time, he showed up as one of his followers, and, now and again, as a desert Bedouin. Heavenly attendants can take human structures, at times known individuals. Gabriel is God's superb courier to mankind. He communicated the disclosure of God to His prophets and couriers. A few blessed messengers are accountable for the execution of God's law in the actual world. The holy messenger Michael is answerable for the downpours, which fall toward the path that God wants. There are partners by request of their Lord, they will coordinate the breezes and mists, any place God needs. Another holy messenger is answerable for blowing the horn, it is called Israfil, so it has the start of the Day of Judgment. Others are liable for taking the spirits of the bodies at the hour of death: the Angel of Death and his collaborators. Numerous individuals accept there are heavenly messengers, liable for the assurance of devotees for the duration of their lives, at home or on their excursions, snoozing or alert. Others are answerable for recording crafted by individuals, great and awful activities. These are known as the "fair recorders." Two holy messengers, Munkar and Nakir, are liable for scrutinizing the individuals in the burial place. It is astonishing to me that Muslims accept is that the heavenly attendants will kick the bucket, and that even the Angel of Death will bite the dust, yet there is no reasonable content about this. There are writings that could demonstrate this, for example, the notable report about the trumpet, yet it is a rejectable report. It has likewise been demonstrated in a real report of the Prophet Muhammad's lessons , which was described with more than one chain of transmission and by more than one of his associates that he stated: "When God talks with Revelation, the heavenly attendants evaporate. " In his lessons to another report he would have stated: "When the heavenly attendants hear His assertion, they disappear." "The blessed messengers hear something like a chain on a stone and they evaporate, and when the dread leaves their hearts they state:" What did the Lord say? ", To which some react:" reality, reality". In the Muhammed lessons it is asserted that they disappear or faint, and in the event that it is conceivable that they evaporate, it is likely workable for them to pass on. "We accept that whoever attests that holy messengers have sexual orientation or sex is submitting a demonstration of doubt, since it is conflicting with what is confirmed by the Book of God. This can not be asserted, on the grounds that there is no true content that certifies it ". End of the arrangement of I'tiqad Ahl As-Sunnah. Third, since the holy messengers have no sexual orientation or sex, they don't wed or duplicate, and it has been portrayed that there was agreement among the shrewd on this point. In old Greece Cupid was known as Eros, the youthful child of Aphrodite the goddess of affection, excellence and ripeness. For the Romans Cupid is the divine force of affection child of Venus and Mars, lord of war. Cupid was a right hand to his mom Venus, he coordinated the basic power of adoration and conveyed it to humans. He was naughty and alluring, yet here and there savage to his casualties, since he had no second thoughts. On his back he wore two sorts of bolts: brilliant ones with dove plumes that incited moment love, and others of lead with owl quills that incited detachment. Mindful of the force he had, he in some cases dismissed the solicitations of his mom and different divine beings to meddle with the lives of certain humans, hence causing continuous issues for the divine beings. One day he blew up with Apollo when he kidded about his abilities as a toxophilite, so Cupid made Apollo go gaga for the fairy Daphne and she shot him with a lead-tipped bolt. Daphne petitioned the waterway god Peneus for help and was changed into a shrub tree, which was sanctified to Apollo. So among reveldía and tricks, Cupid managed his work, as time went on Venus started to stress since his child was not developing, so looking for an answer he went to the Oracle of Themis, who stated: "Love can not develop without enthusiasm. "Venus didn't comprehend the appropriate response until his child Anteros, lord of energy, was conceived. At the point when he was close to him, Cupid developed and turned into an excellent youngster, yet when they isolated, he was a kid once more. Then again in the Land of humans carried on a princess called Psyche, who notwithstanding being so wonderful couldn't discover a spouse on the grounds that the ones who worshiped her didn't feel deserving of her. His dad>GET ANSWER