Read Chapters 2 – 5 and draft thoughtful/analytical replies to the following short answer (min 200 words each)
questions. Click Start Assignment when you’re ready to submit.
1) Judith Jarvis Thompson states that “all persons have a right to life. I am arguing only that having a right to
life does not guarantee having either a right to be given the use of or a right to be allowed continued use of
another person’s body – even if one needs it for life itself.” What does she mean by this claim? How does it fit
with her argument that abortion can be justified in certain cases even if the fetus is understood as fully human?
2) Don Marquis raises infanticide when he outlines the “Appeals to Cases” argument. What is the relevance of
infanticide for this discussion, and how does it illustrate Marquis’s views regarding abortion?
3) James Rachels argues that if one accepts passive euthanasia on humanitarian grounds, then one ought to
accept active euthanasia as well–it gets the same thing done but with less suffering. Explain Rachels’
argument for this claim. How does Bonnie Steinbock criticize this argument?
4) John Hardwig argues that in some cases the elderly and the terminally ill may have a duty to die. Explain
Hardwig’s argument for this claim. What objections does he consider and reject in support of this claim?
5) In his dissenting opinion on Greg v. Georgia, Justice Marshall claims that the death penalty constitutes cruel
and unusual punishment. What evidence does he bring forward to support his claim? How does he try to
persuade the reader that his views are justified? Do you agree/disagree? Explain/Discuss.
6) Maggie Gallagher argues against same sex marriage on the grounds that it would undermine the
fundamental purpose of marriage. Explain/analyze her argument for this claim. How does Rauch respond to
1th Century Scotland was deemed a very much patriarchal society. There was a clear concept of hierarchy in society, which Shakespeare demonstrates at different points within the play. The witches have been said to represent women’s attempt to gain power in a society that’s set up to give power only to men. In Jacobean society, women would have been towards the bottom of the Chain of Being and certainly below men. Similarly to Lady Macbeth in act 1 scene 5, the Witches endeavour to make appear increasingly manly in an attempt to acquire more power. Shakespeare gives the characters of the witches beards (You should be women, yet your beards forbid me to interpret that you are so’) to symbolise this desire. Macbeth’s hallucinations, or visions present the impact of the supernatural. One example of a hallucination is when Macbeth asks, ‘Is this a dagger which I see before me’. The fact that Macbeth is seeing a floating dagger, in his mind is another demonstration of the supernatural. Here, the supernatural is essentially pressing Macbeth to murder Duncan. Shakespeare could be purposefully highlighting how evil the supernatural is as it is not only telling him to kill – but commit the act of regicide, which in the 11th Century, was possibly the worst crime anyone could commit, along with communicating with the supernatural. During Macbeth’s soliloquy he questions if the dagger is just ‘a dagger of the mind’ or a ‘false creation’. This causes Macbeth to question his own psychological state and whether the dagger is just a hallucination, caused the pressure of Duncan’s homicide and the pressure placed on him by his manipulative and cunning wife, Lady Macbeth. The audience at the time will have been shocked by this as Jacobean society saw king’s as almost holy since they respected the divine right of kings. Furthermore, here, Shakespeare is displaying the power that the supernatural has over events in the play since Macbeth has been driven to insanity by a supernatural prophecy.>GET ANSWER