Peoples Of The World.

  1. Answer one question from each reading. Be sure to indicate which question you are answering.

Answer one of the following on Sahlins , “The Original Affluent Society”

What are the two meanings of “affluence” described by Marshall Sahlins in “The Original Affluent Society.”
How have travel writers and economists misunderstood hunter-gathering societies over the years?
How can the production of surplus food lead to hunger?
Why are more people hungry in the contemporary global world system than would have been in the prehistoric hunter-gatherer period?
Answer one of the following on Friedl, “Society and Sex Roles”

In “Society and Sex Roles,” Frield challenges the preconception that all foraging societies are egalitarian. How does she do so? Provide an example.
Briefly compare and contrast gender relations and equality in the four foraging societies Frield cites: The Washo Indians, The Hadza of Tanzania, The Tiwi of Australia, and the Eskimo (Inuit). What is her argument?
So far, we’ve looked mostly at the example of !kung or Ju/’hoansi foragers. How would they compare to the groups Friedl describes here? What would you need to know about the Ju/’hoansi to adequately understand gender relations?
What, according to Friedl, determines women’s access to prestige, power, and equality? In what way does this apply to your own society?
Answer one of the following on Roland, Cuban Color in Tourism and La Lucha Chapter 2, “’Blackness’ and Race Matters in Cuba” (20-43).

Roland identifies three factors that shape what she calls “the Cuban construction of race.” Identify and explain each of these. Do the same factors shape the construction of race in the U.S.?
How did the relationship with the United States following the Spanish-American War shape “race” in Cuba? What did this mean for Cubans of color?
How, culturally, does “whitening” (blanqueamiento) operate in Cuba?
How, according to Roland does “race” become gendered and and gender become “raced” in Cuba. What is she getting at here?
Identify and discuss what you think is one key point in this chapter. To what extent to you agree with or disagree with Roland’s argument?

Sample Solution