Pilgrimage routes and shrines have always been deeply entwined with the markets, hostels, and eateries that serve the needs of pilgrims. Today, pilgrimage is a growth industry embedded in the political economies of nations.
- How do pilgrimage busses (the tourist bubble) reveal the relationship between moral economies and global political power? (Feldman and Hammoudi).
- Discuss shopping in either Medina or Bethlehem. How do commerce and pilgrimage intermingle?
- Discuss the colors of money in the Israeli pilgrimage industry (Feldman).
- Can pilgrimage disrupt preconceived ideas, or do people simply see what they are primed to see?
- Do the pilgrim’s intentions matter? (Hammoudi and The Way etc.)
- How might religious fundamentalism (that which endorses a literalist interpretation of sacred texts) serve political ends? (Hammoudi, Feldman)
- Optional Which politically prominent family is most closely associated with the Sufi pilgrimage town of Sehwan Sharif in southern Pakistan? How are they linked to both economies of salvation and political control?
Knowing someone’s pain, and feeling someone’s pain, on the surface, appear similar. However, they are drastically different psychological abilities, and can either enable an individual to dissolve social barriers, or to solidify them. Empathy plays a key role among the psychological processes that are the basis for social perception and interaction. It is the neurological process which enables us to “dissolve the barriers between self and others” (Ramachandran 2006). Inadequacies in empathy can have significant consequences for social activity, and can result in disorders ranging from Autism Spectrum Disorders, to Clinical Psychopathy. This paper will critically examine the extent to which empathy can be taught, in regards to the neurodevelopment of empathy in humans. The term empathy will be used to refer to a response stemming from the understanding of another’s emotional state similar to what the other person is feeling or would be expected to feel in the given situation. (Eisenberg et al. 1991) In this, the issue of whether empathy can be taught arises. Is empathy something an individual is born with, or is it something that can be developed and enhanced with time? 2. Being in the Shoes of Others 2.1 What is Empathy? Empathy is the ability to understand the feelings of another (Hakansson 2003). The term empathy is applied to various phenomena which cover a broad spectrum of psychological abilities. These range from; the experience of feelings of concern for other people that creates a motivation to help them, an awareness and understanding of what others are thinking or feeling, experiencing emotions that resemble or match another individual’s emotions, to blurring the line between self and other (Hodges and Klein 2001). In developmental psychology, empathy is generally defined as; an affective response stemming from the understanding of another’s emotional state condition similar to what the other person is feeling or would be expected to feel in the given situation. (Eisenberg et al. 1991) The term affective response refers to, a psychological component that implicates the automatic and unconscious process of affect sharing, or the mirroring of another person’s actions (Segal et al. 2015).>GET ANSWER