The three-step process of paraphrasing consists of interpreting an author’s original passage, rephrasing it (i.e., putting it into your own words), and citing (i.e., giving credit to) the author(s). In order to paraphrase correctly, you must consider the difference between the original text and the re-wording, while still maintaining the original author’s meaning. The academic-integrity violation of plagiarism occurs when a second writer presents an original author’s work as his or her own by paraphrasing without including a citation or by quoting without the use of quotation marks and without a citation.
You need to understand that plagiarism occurs not only when someone directly copies an author’s work without using both quotation marks and a citation, but also when someone uses an author’s original idea, concept, intellectual property (i.e., data), or even bibliography without properly citing the original author’s work.
Even unintentional, accidental plagiarism is a serious violation of academic integrity for academics throughout the world. In addition to a damaged reputation, the consequences of plagiarism may include the loss of one’s diploma and employment. Therefore, you must familiarize yourself with Walden University’s rules of academic integrity, as well as the proper use of citation formats. Note that Walden University requires the use of American Psychological Association (APA) format for citations, although other educational institutions and professional associations and journals may prefer different citation formats, such as the Modern Language Association (MLA) or Chicago style formats.
While students in the United States continue to struggle with plagiarism, international students may face additional challenges. For example, cultures that place a high value on group collaboration and group achievement may not know about the American and European rules of intellectual property rights for independent authors.
other industries, and are also ‘labour-light industries’. Linkages between sectors, as suggested by Hirschman in the theory of unbalanced growth, help in developing industry through ‘backward’ or ‘forward linkages, where one the production in one industry is directly tied to or ‘linked’ to another industry. Linkages are cause of the ‘spillover effect’ i.e. a Secondary effect as result of a Primary effect. Using backward linkages is the most appropriate way to produce ‘spillover’ for late developing countries. (Javorcik, 2004) In backward linkage, the ‘raw material’ is provided by local suppliers, and therefore there is no dependence on imports and primary domestic industry is given a boost. As used in the Readymade Garment export industry in Bangladesh. Exporting a finished garment for them meant converting fibers/cotton to yarn and then converting this yarn to grey fabrics, and finally the grey fabric to dyed/printed cloth. This backward linkage with emphasis on the Readymade Garment industry propelled other raw material and ancillary industries into production. (Habib, 2009) Ultimately, we see that in LDCs there is no functional substitute for the State- from Agrarian Reforms/ securing Property Rights to tariff protection and subsidies that lead to Import Substitution which makes the country not only self sufficient, but also an exporter- which in turn leads to gain of foreign exchange and growth in GDP, can only be done by the State. However, there are some problems that come hand in hand with increase in state power in any country. Corruption in the government is the biggest one that needs to be tackled for any sort of results to be seen. We could apply all the said industrial policies, yet with corruption, there could be no positive results. State could indulge in rent seeking behavior, which benefits elites at the expense of the general taxpayer public. To tackle this cardinal problem, the State must separate the judiciary from the executive body. The judiciary must be a very solid one, not affiliated to the State, but only in service to protect the ideals of policy execution. Another design that could be implemented is to have a separate Commission, which tackles corruption in the State. Hong Kong’s ‘Independent Commission Against Corruption’ is one such example. The ICAC was formed to fight corruption in the government using a three-pronged approach of law enforcement, prevention and community education.>GET ANSWER