A party’s “platform” is its official statement of beliefs and values. Most members of a political party – including its elected officials – have never read their party’s platform. A widely-held view among campaign professionals and political consultants is that a party’s platform can never help its candidates, but can hurt them if it contains provisions that are considered controversial by swing voters.
Your professor’s view is that party platforms are generally written by the most conservative Republicans and the most liberal Democrats – since those are the only party members devoted enough to hang around party conventions long enough to argue and vote on the platform provisions.
Do party platforms really mean anything? Is there really any difference?
Find the 2018 platforms of the Republican Party of Texas and the Texas Democratic Party. You can get them from the state party websites:
Write a brief essay (the usual, 2 – 5 pages double-spaced…). Describe the similarities and differences in the two documents. Most importantly, tell me what you would use from each party’s platform in a campaign AGAINST its candidates if you were working for the other side.
The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith (WN hereafter) builds a brand new understanding of economics. He writes about the condition of the economy during the time he wrote his book. He talks about his views against the trading system and gives an account of an economic system based on human nature, need, and social dynamics. In this text, Smith separates his findings into 5 different chapters or ‘books’ as he calls them. Book one and two both focus on the development of the division of labor and telling his readers about how the division adds to the wealth and money gain by different societies by gaining extra materials and found ways to exchange in trades with the people involved in the society. The division of labor also influences technological inventions and improvements. This allows workers to come up with different ways to make tasks more efficient and find ways to divide the materials among the people. According to Smith, Surpluses may be either traded or re-invented. (WN 1, iii, Page 12) Technology is the future and by being the future it allows improvement that leads to bigger and better products. However, in John Stewart Mill’s book, Principles of Political Economy with Chapters on Socialism (PPE hereafter), he studies the important economic processes on societies that include production and distribution and also the role the government plays in it. Just like Smith’s book, Mill has his book also spilt and separated into five different sections. In his book one, Mill talks about the production and informs the reader of the basic requirements that allow production; which in this case is labor and natural objects. Also in this book, Mill talks about the social form of productions that include the cooperation, combination of labor, production on a small and large scale and the increase in labor. However in his book two, Mill talks about the distribution of those products and how they effect the distribution on certain elements and the things that play a role in society. According to both Smith and Mills, the importance of foreign trade for the economic growth of a nation is the way a product is produced and the way they are distributed throughout a society. According to Smith and Mill, some ways that foreign trade can benefit the goal of increasing annual production is that the economy is based off supply and demand. Smith’s beliefs on the division of labor create the basis for his theory of international trade. For Smith, international trade is the result of the human ‘propensity to truck, barter, and exchange one thing for another’ (WN, I, ii, page 1) and for him, it is the division of labor that indicates ‘the greatest improvement in the productive powers of labor’ (WN, I, I, page 1). As a result, more output can be produced with the same amount of labor. He explains this point with an example, which shows that the division of labor produces an ‘increase of the quantity of work >