The Chinese economy has been identified over the past few decades as rapidly growing, and is projected to displace the economic hegemony of the United States. However, this growth has not come without repercussions. One of the greatest concerns of the result of China’s trade and socialist market economy is its rate of environmental pollution, not only within its territories, but also in the neighboring nations. The lack of the increasing authoritarianism and political pluralism are principal causes of lack of a holistic environmental safety policy. If the level of democracy in China were to increase, then citizens would have more say in the policy-making procedure, and most likely there would be an outcry regarding the sorry state of environmental health in the economy.
The fact that industrialized countries did not care so much about environmental effects of their economic activities creates a platform for series bargain on the way forward for new economies which would like to follow the same path. Inasmuch as the traditional economies were blind to these adverse effects, this should not be used as a blanket to hide present environment ills. We live in a modern world, where there is complete awareness of the consequences of non-green industrial practices. Therefore, it would be in order if these economies, which most certainly have learned from their past mistakes, to issue ultimatums to new and emerging economies such as China on the way they should develop so that the interests of the coming generation are safeguarded.