- Identify and discuss the different probability and nonprobability sampling methods discussed in the text.
- Your research methods class has been given an assignment to measure the student body of your university with respect to their attitudes about the death penalty. To ensure equal representation of undergraduates, graduate students, and all majors, what sampling technique would you use? How would you go about pulling that sample? What would you need to know before that sample is pulled?
- Discuss how the NCVS and the British Crime Survey use different strategies for sampling to produce sufficient numbers of respondents.
ware of the abhorrent human rights violations perpetrated on the intercepted migrants it is unjustifiable to maintain such deal. Yet for the deal to be voided, more cooperation to find better ways to protect migrants’ rights is required. Another measure in place until recently was operation Sophia, formally known as EUNAVFOR MED, and implemented in 2015. The operation’s mission was to “identify, capture and dispose of vessels […] used by migrant smugglers and traffickers, in order […] to disrupt human smuggling and trafficking networks and prevent further loss at sea.” The mandate was extended in 2017 to include training of the Libyan coast guard and enforcement of the UN arms embargo. In February 2020, the EU decided to put an end to operation Sophia, as member states believed that instead of being a military mission focused on smuggling and trafficking of people and arms, it had become a humanitarian mission which further overwhelmed the EU with additional arrivals of undocumented migrants. Lastly, the EU Border Assistance Mission (EUBAM) to Libya was created following the fall of Gaddafi to improve Libya’s border control, strengthen the rule of law and build-up capacities to detect smuggling networks. Yet to this date EUBAM Libya only engages with state actors, which, given the fragmentation of Libya seriously limits its reach. While these policies are helpful to a certain extent, they also represent protective mechanisms for the EU in order to limit the arrival of migrants on its shores. The focus on limiting and discouraging crossings by strengthening Libya’s capabilities has made the success of such missions limited. In fact between 2016 and 2017, when the above policies and mechanisms were already in place, a 26 per cent rise of the numbers of migrants arriving on Italian shores was noticed (see figure 3), with new nationalities and more fatalities. Figure 3: Number and nationalities of Migrants Arriving on Italian Shore>GET ANSWER