(1) Problem-In this section, explain what the problem is (how it has been exposed) and why it is something that
needs to be further studied and researched (how it has been identified as a problem). Any problem that a
researcher wants to study, must be a problem that has been identified in the research as needing further study.
This can be found by looking at the existing literature on the topic/problem and see what is missing or what has
been identified as needing further study. At the end of every dissertation, and many research-based articles
there is a section dedicated to what is needed to further study the topic/problem. These are excellent resources
to check and read through for ideas on topics and problems for research studies.
(2) Practices, Policies or Procedures That Led to the Problem-In this section, explain what has brought this
problem to light causing it to need to be studied. What has happened that has created this problem? Think of
this as the “why this is so important to educational research” section of the paper.
(3) Importance of the Problem -In this section, discuss how this problem is significant to teaching and learning.
Explain previous ways the problem has been addressed in the past. If there is little to no research on the
problem (and it is highly unlikely that there will be no literature at all relating to the problem) then explain this in
this section. Talk about the missing parts of the research that lead you to explore this problem.
(4) Steps Taken to Address Problem-In this section, explain what steps, if any, have already been taken to
address the problem. Share your own ideas on possible solutions for the problem. You may use first person in
this section only.
(5) Biblical Worldview-In this section, offer a biblical worldview perspective on the problem. Explain why the
resolution of the problem is important as it relates to scripture and your Biblical worldview.
Format the paper according to current APA format and see the grading rubric for specific grading criteria.