Create a profile of a sacred space considering specific criteria. The video for this unit used the same criteria to analyze the Chartres Cathedral. In your essay, you should include:
1) General Description – Why was it built? Is its location significant?
2) Architectural Design – What aspects of its design are unique? What engineering techniques are significant? How was the space designed for its function?
3) Harmony with Nature – How is the building (or the site as a whole) oriented? Do the cardinal directions play a role? Is the design related to astronomy? Are natural elements or materials used? Was sunlight considered when making the space?
4) Symbolism – Are there religious symbols? Do shapes have special meaning? 5) Sacred Objects – What objects are held within the space? Are there relics’? 6) How was this space originally used by worshipers? How did they practice their rituals? How is it used today?
7) Compare your sacred space with Chartres Cathedral. Find at least two similarities and two differences Discuss how these similarities and differences relate to the function of these spaces. Your two spaces obviously support different religions, so this difference should not be one of your answers.
Islam is a monotheistic confidence and one of the biggest religions on the planet. With an aggregate populace of very nearly 1.5 billion adherents, it is additionally the quickest developing. [i] The explanation behind this enduring ascent isn't just the expanding populace in Muslim nations, yet additionally the developing number of individuals who are swinging to Islam, a wonder that has as of late picked up force, particularly after the assaults of September eleventh when the religion was put under the spotlight. [ii] However, in spite of the majority of this, questions are frequently asked are, how did Islam ascend to end up a standout amongst the most spoke to bunch in present day times? Where did it begin and how did everything begin? With the end goal to answer these inquiries, we should return over 1400 years and follow the life of man, who relatively without any assistance changed the elements of this world. In the year 570 AD, Muhammad canister Abdullah was naturally introduced to a respectable family that had a place with a faction of the Quraish, the decision clan of current Mecca. The city was home to the Kabah, a heavenly place of worship, which pulled in a huge number of individuals consistently from close-by grounds who might come and offer journey. Mecca before long turned into a critical religious focus and a budgetary center point, connecting the Arabian Peninsula with intense realms, for example, the Ethiopians and the Byzantines. [iii] therefore, the city wound up ruled by a few powerful families, among whom the Quraish were transcendent. Muhammad's dad, Abdullah receptacle Abdul Muttalib, kicked the bucket before the kid was conceived. He was raised by his dowager mother until the point that the age of six when she too passed away, abandoning him under the consideration of his fatherly granddad. After his passing, the vagrant was transferred to his uncle, Abu Talib, who took Muhammad in as his own child. As was standard, Muhammad was sent to live for a year or two with a Bedouin family that dwelled in the desert edges of Mecca. This time of his life had vital and enduring ramifications on Muhammad. Notwithstanding persevering through the hardships of desert life, he obtained a desire for the rich dialect of local people, whose discourse was their proudest craftsmanship. He likewise took in the tolerance and abstinence of the herders, whose life of isolation he originally shared and after that later came to comprehend and appreciate. [iv] From his initial youth, Muhammad was renowned for his genuineness and honesty. He was regarded by everybody and was viewed as a standout amongst the most solid individuals in Mecca. The general population of Quraish respected him with the title of 'Al-Amin' signifying 'the reliable' and this immaculateness of his temperament expanded as he became more seasoned. [v] Muhammad likewise appeared to have an inward learning that other individuals did not. He would decline to venerate the endless icons and divine beings that were integral to pre-Islamic life in Mecca and would preferably spend incalculable hours in reflection without anyone else, endeavoring to look for genuine information. At the point when Muhammad achieved his mid twenties, he began working for a lady who passed by the name of Khadija bint Khuwalid. She was a dowager however was known for being a rich and effective shipper. Muhammad used to effectively participate in driving her exchange bands up north, setting aside a few minutes he did as such. Khadija was so profoundly awed by his hard working attitudes that she sent him a proposition of marriage which Muhammad joyfully acknowledged. Despite the fact that Khadija was fifteen years more seasoned than him, the marriage turned out to be extremely fruitful. Muhammad had picked up a buddy who was dependably there for him at whatever point he required good help and solace. Muhammad developed increasingly profoundly anxious as the days passed by and he began expanding the time he spent in reflection. With the end goal to make tracks in an opposite direction from the inconveniences and indecencies that existed inside the city, he picked a spot in the slopes that encompassed Mecca. The surrender where he used to supplicate was known as 'Hira' and as indicated by well known Islamic conviction, this was the place Muhammad previously got the message of Islam and where his adventure as a Prophet of God started. [vi] The heavenly attendant Gabriel came to Muhammad with the accompanying disclosure: "Read for the sake of your Lord who made; Created man from a coagulation of blood; Read and your Lord is the most Beneficent; Who showed man by the pen; Taught man what he knew not" (Quran 96: 1-5) [vii] These were the primary uncovered refrains of the Islamic book, the Quran and from that point forward Muhammad quit withdrawing in the Cave of Hira and took upon himself the obligation of spreading the message of God. At first, Muhammad just lectured his better half and dear companions. Be that as it may, as more disclosures charged him to announce the unity of God all around, his objective hover developed; at first poor people and the slaves, yet later, additionally the more noticeable individuals of Mecca. Be that as it may, not every person acknowledged what he needed to state and even individuals from Muhammad's very own tribe denied him straightforwardly. The restriction oppressed and tormented him and his initial adherents in each conceivable way. Be that as it may, this did not dissuade Muhammad far from his main goal yet rather it reinforced and honed his make plans to spread the light of Islam. The Quraish had constantly held their objects of worship in high respects and in this way thought that it was hard to grapple with confidence in one inconspicuous God, which was one of the zenith columns that Muhammad's religion depended on. As Muslims developed in number, the seriousness of discipline of the nearby pioneers additionally expanded. They boycotted him and his adherents from each sort of exchange and exchange, to such an extent that they needed to abandon appropriate nourishment and drink for a long time. Before long, the resistance to Muhammad achieved such a high pitch, to the point that, afraid for their security, he sent a portion of his disciples to the Christian leader of Abyssinia requesting assurance. [viii] Before long, the distinction of Muhammad had spread to relatively all aspects of the Arabian Peninsula. A gathering of individuals from Yathrib, advanced Medina, met Muhammad and went into an agreement with the Muslims. At the point when the abuses in Mecca expanded and life there ended up excruciating for the Muslims, the general population of Yathrib welcomed the Prophet and his associates to relocate to their city. [ix] Muhammad acknowledged their welcome and this resettlement from Mecca to Medina denoted the start of a critical Islamic period. The Muslims who relocated from Mecca were known as the 'Muhajirs' while the general population of Medina who got them with open arms came to be known as the 'Ansars'. It was here that Muhammad bit by bit established the framework of an Islamic state. A considerable lot of lessons of the Prophet in Medina were worried about the life of a network in its social, political, monetary and authoritative perspectives. With the assistance and support of the neighborhood Ansars, Muhammad could build up an arrangement of government that was path in front of the time it had a place with as far as its frame and working. [x] At the point when the pioneers of Mecca discovered that Muhammad was building a city state, they ended up restless about the new impact. They expected that this situation of power and power would urge Muhammad to separate vengeance on them. The Quraish trusted the most ideal approach to manage this danger was to pulverize Islam in its earliest stages. They assembled a huge armed force and walked north towards Medina. At the point when Muhammad came to get some answers concerning their aims, he too set up together an armed force comprising of just three hundred and thirteen men. The subsequent fight was known as the 'Skirmish of Badr' and it was the main significant war battled by the Muslims. Despite the fact that Muhammad's armed force was inadequately prepared and confronted a power three times its size, they stayed unfaltering in their purpose towards ensuring Islam and the Muslim armed force therefore could course the powers of Mecca. The Battle of Badr was a milestone ever of and it had a few critical impacts as far as Medina as a city state. Right off the bat, Muhammad with just a bunch of men could crush a significantly bigger armed force through sheer assurance and order. This conveyed home to the pioneers of the Quraish, the capacities of the plain man they had driven from their city. Likewise, one of the associated clans which had promised support to the Muslims in the fight had demonstrated tepid when the genuine battling began. They were ousted from Medina and Muhammad served a notice to each clan in devotion with the Muslims: enrollment in the network forced the commitment of aggregate help. [xi] The Quraish, in any case, felt embarrassed and right around one year after the Battle of Badr, they battled again on the Muslims, this time accompanying a multitude of very nearly three thousand warriors. In the wake of building up a solid decent footing right off the bat in the fight, the Islamic armed force was put under strain and needed to withdraw. Seeing as Muhammad and his devotees were not by any stretch of the imagination overwhelmed, the Quraish conveyed an armed force again two years after the fact in the desire for totally dispensing with any kind of Islamic risk. At the Battle of the Trench, the outcome was totally extraordinary. The Muslims scored a flag triumph by presenting another type of resistance. In favor of Median from which the assault was normal, they burrowed a trench too profound for the Meccan rangers to clear without presenting itself to the toxophilite posted behind the earthworks. After an uncertain attack, the Meccans were compelled to resign and in this way building up Medina and Muhammad's Islam as a capacity to be figured with in the Arabian Peninsula. [xii] The Constitution of Medina dates from this period. The sanction set up Muhammad as the pioneer of Medina and the Muslims as a different element in their very own right. The Constitution additionally characterized the job of non-Muslims in the general public. Jews, for instance, were a piece of the network; they were 'dhimmis', that is, ensured individuals, as long as they fit in with its laws. Adherents of the monotheistic religions were allowed otherworldly freedom. This did not, nonetheless, relate to the Pagans as they couldn't go on without serious consequences in a place that venerated one God. [xiii] >GET ANSWER