Organization description: Describe the program or service (program focus, resources, population, clients served, and the theory of change). Include a description of the stakeholders and evaluation purpose.
Research questions and hypotheses: Revisit research questions and hypotheses established in the Unit 3 assignment, Research Literature Review.
Definition of variables and terms in the study: Define your major variables in a clear and concise manner, and distinguish between independent and dependent variables. Every variable that is identified in the research questions should be defined clearly in this section in terms of what it is and how it will be measured.
Description of the methodology (study design).
Explain whether your study is qualitative, quantitative, or both and whether it is cross-sectional (single point in time) or longitudinal (more than one measure from the same people).
Explain how you are going to determine the efficacy of your program (for example, pre-tests and post-tests, comparison to a similar group of people not receiving program services).
Explain if you are comparing the group getting the intervention to any other group on the outcomes of interest (a control or comparison group).
Explain if you are using more than one source of data to triangulate measures of your outcome of interest (for example, rates of participation, qualitative interviews, and a satisfaction survey).
Explain why this method of program evaluation and methodology is best practice (as compared to other possible models).
Distinguish between the population and your sample.
Provide some basic demographic information that you would anticipate.
State how many people are taking part in the study and how you will go about sampling them.
Explain how the control/comparison group will be selected or how people are assigned to that group, if you are using a control/comparison group.
Instrumentation: Do you plan to use a standardized instrument or will you design your own? Why? Every variable that is addressed in your research questions and operational definitions should also be addressed in this section. Describe the validity and reliability of your instruments. Note that you must include at least one quantitative measure. Include your instruments, including any qualitative interview protocols, in an appendix.
Data collection and procedures: Describe exactly what you plan to do and when. Explain how and when you will collect each measure, and how and when you will begin the intervention and for how long
Human protection: Discuss ethical issues pertaining to the method of program evaluation you selected. Discuss how you will address and minimize these issues. Include a sample informed consent (and minor assent, if necessary) as an appendix.
, it’s fiscal impact in terms of taxes and government spending and potential policies that could be implemented in hope of combating it. Venezuela holds the highest recorded oil reserves in the world – possessing approximately 300 billion barrels – even surpassing Saudi Arabia. Evidently, oil is one of Venezuela’s most valuable commodities accounting for 95% of Venezuela’s exports and 25% of its gross domestic product (Independent 2018). However, during a period of time in which the global price of oil dropped, foreign demand to buy Venezuelan oil dipped simultaneously. A key factor that lead to Venezuela’s current crisis, is evidently their sole dependence on a single commodity – oil. As University of Florida’s Gamarra explains, this means “you are bound to the ups and downs of the oil price,”. Without a range of high value added assets, an economy lacks diversity and is vulnerable to ‘moments of downturns in your principal commodities (CNBC 2019).’ On an individual basis, hyperinflation renders any savings worthless due to its eroding impact on money. Consequently, people may hoard goods for instance, food due to the soaring prices. Situations such as these may lead to shortages of food supply, contributing to the issue further. The Bolívar (Venuzuelan currency) depreciated in value as the cost of imports increased, leaving the Venezuelan economy to perish. Consequently, Nicolas Maduro – Venezuela’s new president – decided to print money (TheConversation 2019). Although this is an efficient strategy to implement during times of temporary price shock, in the case of Venezuela, the desired results didn’t adhere. Alongside the price of oil continuing to decrease, Venezuela’s oil output also fell resulting in international investors looking elsewhere further decreasing the value of the Bolívar. The government proceeded to print off more money in order to pay their expenses, inevitably resulting in the cycle that lead to hyperinflation (TheConversation 2019). To begin with, whether or not inflation is always deemed to be a challenge or if there are actually any potential benefits surrounding the macroeconomic issue will be discussed. Generally speaking, moderate inflation has some benefits, especially when it’s compared to deflation. For instance, the real value of debt decreases, moderate rates also enable prices of goods to adjust to their real value prices. In some cases, at levels of moderate inflation, companies are able to increase wages whilst the prices of goods increases. However, the average inflation target is usually around 2% which is quite contrasting to that of Venezuela’s. Long term economic growth is thought to be optimised when price stability is maintained, which is done by controlling inflation (Investopedia 2019). At the level of inflation currently being faced by Venezuela, it is more suitable to refer to it as hyperinflation – a more extreme inflation duri>GET ANSWER