Properties of language; Prescriptive vs Descriptive Grammar

What is the order of adjectives (clean, green, fast) and nouns (waterfall, field, car) in English and French?
Which component of grammar (pragmatics, semantics, etc.) do the data illustrate?
What do the data tell you about the properties of language, and the grammars of English and French?
(1) Some varieties of English form the past tense by adding -ed (e.g., learned, kneeled), while some use -t (e.g., learnt,knelt).(2) Active voice is preferred than the passive voice.(3) Sentences should not begin with conjunctions such as “and”, “but”, or “so.”(4) Some English dialects such as Australian English do not pronounce the final -r in water andcolor.