Public health preparedness?

Implementing public health preparedness programs has been significantly in high demand after the 9/11 World Trade Center attack. Public health preparedness and response capabilities are important as it supports the nation’s power to answer to anticipated, unforeseen and unthinkable dangers (“CDC’s Public Health Emergency Preparedness Program: Every Response is Local,” 2021). Furthermore, this method is known across nations as a way to reduce susceptibility to critical public health events. In addition, public health preparedness examines the way nations, states, and communities handle natural disasters, prepare, contain, and respond to them while obtaining immediate assistance to recover from emergencies (Teitelbaum & Wilensky, 2017).

Identify and describe an example of a policy that supports public health preparedness.

The Food and Drug Administration has several offices that ensure that proper policies are enforced when responding to public health preparedness. The (FDA) hones in on regulatory, oversight, monitoring infrastructure, and enabling the transfer of the correct course of actions taken to counteract a danger or threat (Teitelbaum & Wilensky, 2017). In detail, when (FDA) regulated products are affected in public health emergencies, the Office of Crisis Management sends alerts, document complaints, and assigns them to a specific organization component for further review.

What are the roles of local, state, federal, and international governments in managing global health emergencies?

State, local, federal and international governments have due diligence to ensure the safety, health, and well-being of their populations. The roles of local and state governments are required to mobilize community partnerships, create policies, enforce laws, link to provide care, assure competent workforces, evaluate, monitor health, diagnose and investigate, as well as inform, educate and empower (Teitelbaum & Wilensky, 2017). The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), is the core public agency of the Federal government and have many agencies structured within it to respond to public health emergencies. In addition, the federal government’s role is to conduct surveillance, provide medical health measures, lead research, fund training programs, and communicate health information to professionals and the public. International agencies must ensure that all countries have accurate surveillance to detect, assess, report, and respond to public health events (“International Health Regulations (IHR),” 2019).

Describe how diseases and disasters can impact national and global security, and the impact to public health policy.

Disease and disaster have a major impact on global security and public health policy. This can stem from the lack of surveillance that is needed to ensure the detection of unforeseen emerging events. Public health preparedness is highly supported by the federal government and relationships must be built globally so that systems are efficient worldwide to share information and collaborate in avoiding, identifying, reporting, and responding to public health threats (Teitelbaum & Wilensky, 2017). Public health response is important and if methods are not implemented on time, it is difficult for national and global security to identify and respond to exposed populations.

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