You have assumed the head leadership position over a small department within a public sector agency. You have inherited a small but diverse team of employees. Your staff consists of the following individuals: 1. Melanie has been w ith the organization for close to 10 years and spends much of her day surfing social media sites. She enjoys her job for the perceived job security and benefits but has little interest in pushing herself for additional monetary gain. When confronted about her social media use and lack of a desire to advance herself, she complains that she does not have anyone to “look up to” w ithin the organization. 2. Patrick is the most senior employee. Although he has an excellent record, he is going through a very difficult divorce and is only about one year away from retirement. He has become increasingly preoccupied w ith these matters. Regardless, having previously served in the military and having worked public service for his entire professional life, he expects much out of himself and has expressed a keen desire to involve himself w ith your managerial decision-making processes as soon as he is able to sort out some of his home issues. 3. Tom, the newest employee, is fresh out of college. He is young and energetic, although not a week goes by where you do not catch him browsing salary surveys or private sector job listings; nevertheless, he is an overly productive employee, and he confides in you that he is worried that he is producing much more than his salary seems to reflect. He also questions the impact that the organization’s work and his own work, in particular, are actually having on anyone.
Address the components below. A. Develop a concise motivation profile on each of the staff members. B. Correlate motivational theories to this real-world scenario. C. Summarize leadership strategies related to such aspects as work life stages, expected responses to rewards and punishments, and the degree to which followers feel they fit the ideal motivation mold of public sector employees. D. Consider how not being mindful of appropriate leadership strategies can be harmful to organizations.
Q. Talk about the focal points, qualities, disservices and shortcomings of a positivist way to deal with the sociologies. The abundance of utilization and diverseness of importance of the word positivism brings about a requirement for any article regarding the matter to first give its own particular exact definition for its utilization of the term, recognizing its specific setting from its utilization in different settings. The term positivism, first instituted by the scholar Auguste Comte in the nineteenth-century, was first initially kept to the limits of logic and regular science; by the present, the term has spread its importance to cover fields as various as law, political hypothesis, the sociologies, reasoning and even writing. In these fields the lexicon meaning of positivism as '. . . a framework perceiving just that which can be experimentally checked or legitimately demonstrated, and subsequently dismissing transcendentalism and belief in higher powers' (Oxford, 1989: pp. 385-386) remains extensively valid for the vast majority of its uses, however it does little to uncover the unobtrusive qualifications of utilization of the word positivism in every one of these orders. For example, legitimate positivism is '. . . a view which, rather than the common law see, guarantees that a legitimate framework can be characterized freely of evaluative terms or recommendations is the view that in law' (Hugh-Jones, S. and Laidlaw, J, 2000: p88); in writing positivism alludes to a particular time of Polish writing where authors were propelled by the incipient accomplishments of science and innovation; and in rationality the term legitimate positivism implied the logical examination of the reasoning of dialect — as in scholars, for example, Wittgenstein. All things considered at that point, the term positivism has an umbrella utilize assigned by the word reference definition, however then has a few further and more individualistic uses relying on the setting in which it shows up. 'Positivism is the view that genuine logical request ought not look for extreme causes getting from some outside source yet should keep itself to the investigation of relations existing between realities which are straightforwardly open to perception' (Hugh-Jones, S. and Laidlaw, J: 2000: p.3) The meaning of positivism decided for use in this paper, its specific space being the sociologies, is that expressed above by Hugh-Jones and Laidlaw. As per this variant of positivism, information accumulated from sense recognitions is the main conceivable information that might be utilized as an establishment for learning and thought. Thus, all information and wonders taken from past sense recognitions or the properties of detectable things is exiled — crashes from the earlier mysticism and religious philosophy rejected in all. Science alone sets the borders for human information, and, as needs be, positivism keeps up the desire that science will at last achieve take care of every single human issue. All things considered, a social logical meaning of positivism respects the exploration of social researchers as indistinguishable in significance to that of common researchers; that is, social researchers, similar to regular researchers, utilize speculations and clarifications for wonders, derived from sense information with the end goal of social advantage. Concerning political science as a sociology Popper in this manner says 'We get the specific meaning of one of the sociologies — political science — which tries to isolate the subject from the qualities we apply to it, and contends that it is conceivable to create esteem free learning' (Popper, 1983: p. 75). This citation demonstrates the degree to which one specific sociology's utilization of the term positivism has changed from its general umbrella utilize. For the motivations behind this exposition, positivism will be viewed as having four basic qualities (King, 1994: p. 204). (1) It is concrned with the scan for the unification of logical technique, that is, with the idea that rationale and request are general standards stretching out over every single logical space. (2) That a definitive end of logical request is to gives clarifications of social wonder and to make expectations about their conduct as per discernable laws of society. In this way positivism in the sociologies looks for likewise to build up a 'general law of social comprehension', by finding important and adequate conditions for any marvel. (3) Positivism keeps up that social logical learning must dependably be liable to verification through observational experimentation. All subjects of reaseach and examination in the sociologies ought to be founded on perceptions got from sense-recognitions. (4) Social sciences must look to free themselves of significant worth judgements beyond what many would consider possible, and of good, political, and religion thoughts that may defile their exploration. In this manner, in short: sociologies must try to dicover all inclusive conditions behind social phenomena;all social logical exact articulations must be asolute truthes which are valid constantly and valid in all spots; at last, research can demonstrated just by observational experimentation. - - - - - - In There Is More Than One Way To Do Political Science Marsh and Smith (2001), while debating whether the sociologies may authentically have both a positivist and pragmatist way to deal with science, contend that one of the central qualities of positivism is that it is 'foundationalist': that is '. . . in ontological terms it contends that there is a ''true'' out there, that it is autonomous of a specialist's learning of it' and that '. . . it is conceivable, utilizing the correct ''research strategies'' for an onlooker to find these genuine connections between social wonder' (Marsh and Smith, 2001: p. 529). In this manner the immense quality and preferred standpoint of a positivist way to deal with the sociologies is that it grounds human studies, humanism, political science et cetera upon a hard and unmistakable 'establishment' of observationally testable information, and makes speculations out of this information from which outright laws of social conduct might be achieved. A moment particular preferred standpoint then of positivism is that it allows an examination of the causal connections between wonders. Positivism along these lines enables the sociologies to make certain forecasts about the remarkable world. Accordingly Dowding states '. . . all great political researchers create models with unmistakable expectations . . . which they would then be able to test somehow against information assembled from the genuine world' (Dowding, 2001: p. 92). A main quality then of a positivistic approach, is that it conveys to the sociologies the want to imitate the magnificence of the normal sciences in regard of their thorough experimentation, exactly expressed theories, unequivocal laws, and hence expectation of conduct. By moving toward its examinations in this manner, social researchers achieve an abnormal state of precision in their outcomes and in their forecasts, and accordingly come more like an aggregate portrayal of the conduct of social wonder. By moving toward the sociologies from a positivist position, social researchers can remove from existing 'learning' numerous partialities, suppositions, superstitions and other non-logical sentiments that have assembled about these social marvels (Marsh and Smith, 2001). At the end of the day, positivism, by pronouncing substantial just those things which fit in with its overwhelming measures of examination, strips social marvel of their apparent nature and uncovers them as they truly seem to be. A moment key preferred standpoint of adopting a positivist strategy to the sociologies is that such a move determinedly establishes the sociologies in the achievements of the common sciences in the course of the last four hundred years. Early positivists like Comte, Spencer and Saint-Simon comprehended their hypothesis and work as something becoming specifically out of the trial and hypothetical accomplishments of the colossal common researchers like Newton, Spinoza, Darwin and others. Comte realized that the common sciences and regular researchers, were basically positivist: that is, they spoke to the discernment and estimation of target sense-information from which to influence tests, to break down outcomes and make hypothesis, expectations and laws. Comte and the other early positivists along these lines comprehended their work as a demonstration of 'making unequivocal' the hypothesis which regular researchers had clung to for quite a long time. At the point when, in the twentieth-century, social positivists like Ernst Laas, Friedrich Jodl and Eugen Duhring started to set up the hypothetical and test parameters of the sociologies, they likewise comprehended their work as a branch of the regular sciences and as a continuation of its disclosures. Anthropologists, sociologists, social researchers of the mid twentieth-century confronted a decision: they could orientate their subjects inside the circle of characteristic science and its massive collect of the previous two decades, or they could orientate it in the circle of religious philosophy and the aesthetic sciences which had overwhelmed all mankind's history before the appearance of common science. Laas, Jodl, Duhring and later Marsh, Smith and others have all concurred that the sociologies must be based upon the stage set up by the characteristic sciences. These sciences have been the overwhelming scholarly specialist for Western Europe for about four hundred years, and social researchers surmise that the positivist way to deal with the common sciences offers more prominent objectivity, conviction of forecast, and more profound understanding into their subjects than could accomplished by some other technique for request. Further, the dependability of the sociologies to the common sciences, through a mutual conviction in the positivist logic, implies that the sociologies can always draw upon the store of new exact material every day uncovered by these normal sciences. At the end of the day: if the sociologies have a trade of information wager>GET ANSWER