Country briefing report (35%): In this assignment, you are to integrate your reflection papers into one coherent and compelling piece. The main purpose behind this assignment is to have you review the reading material and reflect on what you have learned throughout the course. This is also an opportunity for you to revise, condense, or expand on what you have written in the reflections papers. Your goal is to introduce your country to the reader about its most prominent features along the theoretical frameworks discussed in the readings. The report should be at least eight pages long, consisting of an introduction that sets out your main points, a body that develops those points by engaging with the readings and concrete evidence about your country, and a conclusion that recapitulates your points. You also need to provide a separate reference list of complete citations with proper style (you can use any style as long as it is consistent throughout) and attach it to the last page of your report.
A Regression Analysis of Energy Consumption with Cross-Country Data Conceptual This paper surveys four existent examinations and plays out a crosscountry multivariate relapse investigation so as to decide the relationship among electric vitality utilization, populace, land region estimate, and financial development as estimated by GDP utilizing information from definitive sources. Results from the factual tests affirm a positive relationship between's the three regressors and the needy variable. Presentation Vitality is as much a piece of us and our day by day lives similar to our very DNA. We need and use vitality each and every day – significantly more than we may understand – and it is accessible in a variety of various structures. This investigation will concentrate on vitality in its electrical structure, where it is gotten from the stream of electric charge brought about by electrical fascination or shock between charged particles (Helmenstine, 2017). Since vitality is such a basic piece of life as we probably am aware it, it isn't amazing that the point has stood out as truly newsworthy on numerous occasions. The New York Times asserts that, in an ongoing report, the United States was positioned eighth among twenty-three of the world's top vitality expending nations in effectiveness, and that, as indicated by Federal information, America loses as much as 66% of the power it creates through straightforward waste (Cavanagh, 2017). Understanding the effect of these measurements and choosing how to improve electric vitality effectiveness starts with translating the interest for and utilization of electric vitality. This relapse will look to measure the impacts of a choice of factors on electric vitality utilization, explicitly analyzing Gross Domestic Product (GDP), national populaces, and land zone measure crosswise over enhanced nations around the globe, and to fill in as a source of perspective and help for strategy creators in evaluating negligible vitality limit needs as per changes among these factors. I conjecture that the coefficients on a nation's GDP, populace, and land mass are sure when relapsed against national, yearly electric vitality utilization. Survey of Previous Literature There are an impressive number of concentrates that take a gander at the impacts of a country's generation level as a financial segment of its vitality utilization. One spearheading study by Kraft and Kraft (1978) gathered annualized use information for the timespan somewhere in the range of 1947 and 1974. Utilizing a bivariate Sims causality test, results displayed a causal, unidirectional relationship from gross national item (GNP) to vitality utilization for the United States. So as to adjust and recognize my examination from this 1978 investigation, I will concentrate on refreshed information from the timeframe somewhere in the range of 2010 and 2015. Correspondingly, so as to improve general intelligibility, I will relapse total national output (GDP), as opposed to GNP, on electric vitality utilization. GNP is a sensible and powerful factor to use since it evaluates a nation's creation esteems paying little mind to the geographic area of the generation, however GDP is the more ordinarily used strategy for figuring a nation's financial standing and achievement on the planet, so GDP is the specific measure we will utilize. Mohanty and Chaturvedi (2015) translated a broad collection of used discoveries to decide if electric vitality utilization drives monetary development or the other way around. Mohanty and Chaturvedi looked into forty-seven autonomous investigations to think about the nearness and course of a causal connection between financial development and vitality utilization. Twenty-six of the articles analyzed recommended the presence of a causal relationship from financial development to vitality utilization; thirty-two discovered vitality utilization to have a causal relationship to monetary development. Eleven examinations found concurrent causality between monetary development and vitality utilization, and three found no relationship in any case. In the wake of auditing the exact research, Mohanty and Chaturvedi then gathered annualized information from India for the timespan from 1970-1971 to 2011-2012 and connected the two-advance Engle-Granger strategy alongside the Granger causality/Block exogeneity Wald test. Results proposed that electric vitality utilization does in actuality fuel monetary development in both the short run and the long run. Nonetheless, this examination spins around Indian information, and the creators infer that the absence of agreement on the connection between vitality utilization and monetary development is essentially an aftereffect of nation explicit financial structures, procedure embraced, and differing time of study. So as to expand upon this investigation, I will utilize a comparable time span, from 2010-2015, and I will incorporate information from one hundred seventy nations to assess vitality utilization among an assorted determination of mechanical frameworks. Ameyaw et al (2007) contends that power plays out a fundamental capacity in the financial improvement of generally nations. The nitty gritty investigation explicitly investigates the causality nexus, the estimation of flexibility of vitality utilization on financial development and the other way around, in light of its significance in defining and executing vitality utilization strategy and ecological arrangement. Ameyaw et al focused on the examination around Ghana in the wake of finding that the nation has not been obvious or spoken to in a significant part of the existent research. Hoarding time arrangement information for Ghana somewhere in the range of 1970 and 2014, the investigation actualizes the Cobb-Douglas development model and leads the Vector Error Correction demonstrate so as to deliberately confirm the mistake redress modification. At long last, like the test performed by Mohanty and Chaturvedi, Ameyaw et al practiced the Granger Causality test to decide the heading of causality between electric vitality utilization and monetary development. The watched discoveries uncovered the presence of a unidirectional, causal relationship running from GDP to vitality utilization. As a methods for developing this investigation, I will, as referenced already, utilize crosscountry information and later information from 2015. Pao et al (2014) played out the last investigation which we will look at in this examination. Information for this examination were gathered from Brazil amid the timespan somewhere in the range of 1980 and 2008. Like Mohanty and Chaturvedi and to Ameyaw et al, Pao et al connected the Granger Causality test to the dataset. The outcomes uncovered a unidirectional, short-run causality from vitality utilization to financial development alongside a bidirectional, powerful causality between the two factors. A co-mix test was likewise actualized, and the result was the sign of a long-run balance connection between factors with electric vitality utilization appearing to be genuine GDP flexible, which proposes that vitality utilization has a solid, positive effect on varieties in GDP. In the affirmation of past writing, Ameyaw et al discovered proof to help bidirectional, unidirectional, and no causality. This irregularity was ascribed not exclusively to contrasts in area and financial structure, yet additionally to the systems utilized in every investigation. The strategy and social effects of every result were clarified, starting with unidirectional causality from monetary development to vitality utilization, as this paper looks to demonstrate. Such a result may, as indicated by Ameyaw et al, suggest that the usage of vitality protection strategies may have practically no unfriendly impact on financial development. Then again, if a unidirectional causality is found to keep running from vitality utilization to monetary development, at that point it is conceivable that diminishing vitality utilization could prompt a subsidence in financial development, and that expanding vitality utilization may emphatically add to a nation's monetary development. Conversely, the nearness of bidirectional causality between vitality utilization and GDP is probably going to imply that financial development may request more vitality while more prominent vitality utilization may support monetary development. As needs be, vitality protection endeavors may accidentally stunt monetary development. At last, an absence of causality in either bearing would demonstrate an ascent in GDP may not influence electric vitality utilization, and that vitality protection arrangements may have no effect on financial development. Note that the majority of the information in this investigation were changed over into regular logarithms before the experimental examination with the goal that this arrangement can be translated in development terms as opposed to crude qualities. Like this investigation, I will incorporate strategy proposals in the end as indicated by the experimental outcomes from my relapse. Determination of the Model Following the observational writing in vitality financial matters, it is legitimate to frame a multivariate relapse display between electric vitality utilization and monetary development as pursues: ECt = β0 + β1Popt + β2LAt + β3GDPt + ut, where EC speaks to vitality utilization, Pop is populace estimate, LA speaks to the land region as controlled by the physical size of a nation, and GDP is genuine GDP. The blunder term, ut, is thought to be autonomous and indistinguishably appropriated (iid) with a mean of zero and a consistent change. Gross domestic product, for this analysis, has been determined as pursues: Gross domestic product = C + I + G + NE, where C is national utilization, I is illustrative of speculation, G is government use, and NE is net fares which is estimated as complete imports subtracted from absolute fares. As per watched inquire about, the estimator coefficient on GDPt is relied upon to be certain; I further guess that the coefficients on Popt and LAt will likewise be sure, with the end goal that: H0: β1 ≤ 0, β2 ≤ 0, and β3 ≤ 0 H1: β1 > 0, β2 > 0, and β3 > 0 Information Description Information for this investigation has been gathered for the timeframe somewhere in the range of 2010 and 2015 crosswise over one hundred seventy nations around the globe. The relapse will be performed utilizing the 2015 information for the accompanying three autonomous factors: populace, land zone, and GDP. Populace is a reasonable>GET ANSWER