Review the article Mixed Blood by Jefferson Fish. In this article (link below), Fish discusses the fact that different countries define the term race in different ways. He also discusses the difference between the biological definition and social definitions of race. Is this a useful distinction? Also, very importantly, what does the difference in definitions of race around the world say about the validity of race as a concept? Discuss these points.
hildren with dyslipidemia are at a higher risk of developing Metabolic Syndrome and consequently cardiovascular disease at a younger age. Hence identification and treatment of youth with dyslipidemia is of utmost importance. Fasting lipid profile should be done. If the S.cholesterol level is high, hypothyroidism should be ruled out. Children with lipid abnormalities should be managed initially for 3 to 6 months with diet changes, increased physical activity, reduced screen time, and caloric restriction. Indications for pharmacotherapy in children with dyslipidemia are mentioned in chapter on lipid disorders in children. 3. Hypertension: It is estimated that about 60% of pediatric patients with hypertension have essential hypertension. Among the patients with essential hypertension 75% are obese, thus the most common cause of pediatric hypertension is obesity. Definition of Pre-hypertension and hypertension is given below(16). White-coat hypertension is present when BP readings in health care facilities are greater than the 95th percentile but are normotensive outside a clinical setting. Any abnormal BP reading should be repeated twice by auscultation if performed with oscillometric device. TABLE 5 Prehypertension Stage 1 Hypertension Stage 2 Hypertension BP percentile for age & gender >90th to <95th ≥95th to <99th +5mmHg ≥99th +5mmHg METABOLIC SYNDROME (MS) Metabolic Syndrome is also known as syndrome X and is characterized by: -Obesity (abdominal) -Atherogenic dyslipidemia (elevated triglyceride [TG] levels, high low-density lipoprotein [LDL] particles, and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels -Raised blood pressure -Abnormality of glucose metabolism (impaired fasting glucose or GTT)>